Foot Pain: Types, Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

As shock absorbers, our feet cushion improving to one million pounds of pressure during a single hour of strenuous use. They besides support 1.2 times our torso weight during walking and two to three times that during running activities. It is not hard to see why our feet are highly susceptible to injury .

Low section of young woman massaging her foot.
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If you wake up and on the spur of the moment feel pain in your feet, what is going on ? You probably want answers adenine well as information on how you can get well, such as whether a physical therapist can help treat your foot pain.

Foot pain is a patronize causal agent of visits to podiatrists and orthopedic physicians. With more than 26 bones, 33 joints, and five ligaments, many structures in the foot can be injured. When these structures become injured or overstressed, it can cause pain, and that can limit your ability to walk .

Types of Foot Pain

trouble can strike in different areas of your foot, and certain conditions are normally associated with these areas. They include :

  • Bottom of the foot: Plantar fasciitis
  • Arch of the foot: Posterior tibial tendonitis, tarsal tunnel syndrome
  • Ball of the foot/toes: Bunions, hammertoe, metatarsalgia, turf toe, Morton’s neuroma

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of foot pain. It results from irritation of a blockheaded ring of tissue, called the plantar dashboard, that runs across the buttocks of your foot. This dashboard connects your heel cram to your toes .

People with plantar fasciitis know annoyance across the bottom of the foot, typically near the inner separate of the list. Discomfort with plantar fasciitis is more coarse in the dawn after waking up and with strenuous exercise like running, although you may feel the cad pain while just walking .


forcible therapy for plantar fasciitis involves treatments that decrease ignition and improve the biomechanics of your foundation, ankle, and stallion lower extremity. Exercises for plantar fasciitis may include stretching, strengthening, and balance exercises. The lapp exercises may help prevent the stipulate from reoccurring .

Posterior Tibial Tendonitis

The later tibialis tendon courses down your inner lower leg and attaches to the bottom of your foot near the inside of the arch. The tendon helps support your foot ‘s natural arch, and discomfort here may cause annoyance, express walk ability, and flatfoot deformity .


treatment for buttocks tibial tendinitis ( besides called buttocks tibial tendon dysfunction ) may include exercises for flexibility, lastingness, and counterweight, reducing excitement, and orthotics. Your physical therapist ( PT ) can examine you and determine the best treatment for your back tooth tibial tendinitis. Continuing with exercises and orthotics can help keep it from coming second, as can surgery .

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome occurs when the main boldness that goes to the infantry is compressed by cram or weave. You may be more familiar with a similar discipline in the wrist called carpal tunnel syndrome. The symptoms of tarsal burrow syndrome are typically felt on the inner side of the metrical foot and include burning, tingling, and shooting pains .


Treatments for tarsal burrow syndrome include anti-inflammatory drugs, orthotics, and changes in footwear. If those fail, a surgical operation called tarsal burrow release may be an option. You may be able to prevent tarsal tunnel syndrome by warming up earlier arduous natural process and keeping the muscles in the area hard and flexible .


A bunion is a bony bulge at the base of your boastful toe, on the inside of your foot, that ‘s caused by a misalignment in the joint. It can make your big toe point inward, even to the point that it overlaps the second toe. The collocate can be painful, make your shoes uncomfortable, and change your libra and the way you walk .


Non-steroidal anti-inflammatories ( NSAIDs ) are coarse for treating bunion pain, as are corticosteroid injections. Bunion pads, splints, and orthotics can help when combined with other treatments. physical therapy exercises for bunions include muscle strengthening to improve articulation alignment and range-of-motion exercises to keep the joint move. surgery may be an option if physical therapy is n’t effective .

many bunions can be prevented by wearing properly fitting shoes, avoiding high heels, and giving your feet a unwrap from shoes when possible. Keeping your feet solid can besides help prevent bunions .


Hammertoe normally affects the second base, third base, or one-fourth toe. Like bunions, it ‘s caused by a misalign joint that pushes tissue from the ball of your foot forward and underneath your toes. finally, it can cause your toe to take on a claw-like or hammer-like supreme headquarters allied powers europe and jumper cable to pain in the toe and musket ball of the foot .


Hammertoe can be treated by wearing baggy shoes, wearing hammertoe pads, icing, strengthening and stretching exercises, and, in hard cases, surgery. Hammertoe can be prevented by avoiding high heels, constrict shoes, and shoes that crowd your longest toe .


Metatarsalgia is a painful foot condition affecting the testis of the foundation. It is called metatarsalgia because the bones in this region of the foot are named the metatarsals. A lot of jumping or running activities increase the stress load on this region, and over clock time, the metatarsal bones can become swell and irritating. Some types of arthritis can besides contribute to this condition .


Metatarsalgia treatment frequently involves NSAIDs, proper footwear, metatarsal pads, and orthotics. Shoes with a wide toe box and dependable support can both help process and prevent metatarsalgia .

turf toe

Turf toe is a twist at the base of the big toe. It occurs when the big toe bends back beyond its normal compass of motion, which can cause a tear in the ligaments that support it. This often occurs when kicking a soccer musket ball ( or missing the musket ball and chunking the grate ). pain with turf toe is experienced during walk and run activities. You may besides experience toe hamper .


forcible therapy for turf toe involves managing excitement around your metrical foot and toe and gently restoring normal mobility to the affected toe or toes. To prevent turf toe, you can learn proper running mechanics and clothing hard-soled shoes during exert .

Morton ‘s Neuroma

Morton ‘s neuroma causes a sharp, stabbing pain when you walk or put pressure on your foot. It ‘s caused by thickening of a boldness between your toes, normally between the third base and fourth toes, possibly ascribable to injury. At beginning, symptoms may alone be periodic, but they may become more common or flush constant as the condition develops .


Morton ‘s neuroma is treated with NSAIDs, cortisone injections, resting the foot, wearing wide-toed shoes and metatarsal pads, physical therapy, and sometimes operating room. You can help prevent it from developing by staying away from high-heeled or pointy-toed shoes .

physical Therapy for Foot Pain

physical therapy is much one of the main ways to treat the symptoms of foot pain from many different causes. Gentle extend of the foot often helps to alleviate the discomfort felt due to the above disorders .

Your forcible therapist can besides offer strategies to help treat your pain and improve your foot function. For exercise, an methamphetamine bottle massage may help control pain and inflammation. A platinum may besides be able to help you correct walking and running mechanics that can alleviate and prevent metrical foot problems .

When to See a Healthcare Provider

Foot pain can be a unmanageable thing to manage. It can prevent you from walking normally and may limit your ability to enjoy normal work and amateur activities. If you regularly have foot pain or it seems to be getting worse or more frequent, and specially if you notice changes to the size and appearance of joints, make an appointment with your healthcare supplier. Ask whether a physical therapist could help you overcome foot pain and return to your normal active voice life style .

frequently Asked Questions

Why do my feet hurt when it ‘s cold outside ?

cold temperatures can aggravate foot pain caused by sealed conditions. Plantar fasciitis and arch and cad pain are some conditions that may be exacerbated by cold temperatures, and extra foot problems such as frostbite can occur with extreme cold .

Can you get arthritis in your feet ?

The unretentive answer is yes. arthritis can affect any joint in the body, including those joints in the foundation and ankle, causing inflammation and pain. While there is no cure for arthritis, there are treatment options to help manage discomfort, including physical therapy, medications, and some surgical options .

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