Sore Gums: Causes in Back of Mouth, Between Teeth, Over One Tooth

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Gum tissue is naturally soft and medium. This means many things can cause sore gums. You might feel pain between your teeth, on top of some of your teeth, or all over your gums. In some cases, you might only feel it in the second of your mouth.

sore gums can bleed or swell, though they don ’ thymine constantly have visible symptoms. Regardless of what ’ s causing your sensitive gums, you might besides notice that the pain is worse when brush or floss. It ’ s possible you may feel more pain if you use a harsh gargle, specially one containing alcohol. Keep reading to learn more about the possible causes of afflictive gums.

Oral health conditions


Gingivitis is a mild form of chewing gum disease that ’ s fairly common. It causes inflammation, red, and annoyance of your gums, particularly along the buttocks of your teeth. gingivitis can make your gums tear and bleed well, causing discomfort. other symptoms of gingivitis admit :

  • receding gums
  • tender gums
  • bad breath
  • gums that look puffy

Gingivitis is normally caused by poor people oral hygiene, such as not flossing or brushing your teeth enough. While it ’ s not a dangerous discipline, it can cursorily progress into a more good shape of gumwood disease. It ’ randomness best to treat it vitamin a soon as possible. In most cases, a master dental cleaning and a regular brush and flossing schedule should resolve your symptoms .


oral thrush is a fungal infection that affects your mouth. It involves an giantism of a fungus called Candida. This is the lapp fungus responsible for vaginal yeast infections. oral thrush is coarse in babies, older adults, and people who spend a lot of fourth dimension in hospitals. Thrush is characterized by blank spots on your tongue or inner cheeks. Some people describe the spots as looking like bungalow tall mallow. occasionally, these spots can spread to your gums, tonsils, or the roof of your sass. If they reach your gums, you might feel some tenderness or discomfort. oral thrush is treated with fungicidal medications. These normally come in several forms, including a pill, pill, and gargle. Think you might have oral thrush ? Read about six other symptoms of Candida overgrowth .


periodontal disease is a more unplayful form of ongoing gum disease that can develop from untreated gingivitis. It ’ s an infection caused by plaque buildup that attacks the tissue and bones supporting your teeth. This causes your gums to recede and your teeth to become loose. While it normally develops slowly, periodontal disease can besides come on promptly. Its chief symptom is chewing gum discomfort, and it can besides cause :

  • swollen gums
  • red or purple gums
  • bleeding gums
  • gum abscesses
  • new spaces between your teeth due to receding gums
  • pain while chewing
  • bad breath
  • bite change

Treating periodontal disease requires advance forms of professional tooth scavenge called scale and beginning plant. Both of these avail to remove bacteria from under your gums. You ’ ll indigence to follow up with regular brush and flossing to avoid another contagion.

Causes in women

Hormonal changes

Hormonal changes, including those caused by some birth master pills and puberty, can have a variety of effects. These changes can alter the manner your torso supplies blood to your gums. This makes your mumble weave more sensitive and vulnerable to damage and pique. Hormones besides affect the manner your body responds to certain toxins produced by plaque buildup. Additional symptoms of hormone-related gum problems include :

  • red gums
  • puffy gums
  • tender gums
  • bleeding gums

lecture to your dentist if you suspect you have hormone-related gum tenderness. They may be able to prescribe medication to help regulate your hormones or give you tips on how to manage sensible gum weave .


During pregnancy, your hormones are on overdrive, which can cause problems in your mouth. An increase in progesterone can affect the means your body deals with toxins and bacteria released by plaque, increasing your hazard of infections. Pregnancy gingivitis is a common discipline in pregnant women. Increased blood run to the gums resulting from hormonal changes causes swelling, irritation, and tenderness. You may besides experience :

  • tender gums
  • bleeding gums
  • red gums
  • puffy, swollen gums

Pregnancy-related chewing gum discomfort normally goes off after you give birth and your hormones return to their prior levels. however, it ’ s distillery important to try have at least one professional dentition cleaning done during pregnancy. Being extra argus-eyed about your oral hygiene while meaning can besides help to minimize your symptoms .


Menopause causes changes throughout the stallion consistency, including your mouth. After menopause, you may notice things like :

  • changes in taste
  • a burning sensation in your mouth
  • greater sensitivity to hot and cold foods
  • decreased saliva leading to dry mouth

Saliva is responsible for moistening your mouth and remove toxins and bacteria produced by plaque. not having adequate saliva in your mouth can increase your gamble of developing periodontal disease. It can besides increase the sensitivity of your gums, causing tenderness and excitement. If your mouth feels dry, try sucking on an frost cube or sugar-free hard candy to increase moisture in your mouth. You can besides try using a gargle or spray designed to treat mouth dryness .

Other causes

Canker sore

canker sores are little sores that can develop on or under your natural language, on the inside of your lips and cheek, and at the base of your gums. They look like minor white dots and tend to feel very offer. Canker sores can appear on their own or in belittled clusters. Most pestilence sores go away on their own within a few days. In the meanwhile, you can try applying an oral analgesic to temporarily numb the area and relieve annoyance .

Dental appliances

dental appliances, such as braces, dentures, retainers, and mouthguards, can all cause gum tree irritation. When these devices break or don ’ triiodothyronine fit correctly, they can cause friction that damages delicate gum tissue. In summation to sore gums, you might besides notice marks or imprints on your gums left by the device. Gum annoyance can besides be caused by chemicals in the products you use to clean or apply your dental appliance. Try switching to a unlike clean solution or adhesive material to see if your symptoms improve. If they don ’ thymine, work with your dentist to either improve the match of your appliance or find a merchandise, such as dental wax, to prevent friction and annoyance.

The bottom line

sore gums are not something you want to ignore. Gingivitis and periodontal disease are treatable when caught early. The longer these conditions go untreated, the more you risk permanent wrong. Make an appointee with your dentist if your symptoms don ’ thymine improve or get worse. Don ’ metric ton disregard annual visits for alveolar consonant cleanings and make sure you are brushing and flossing at least twice per day .

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