Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic checkup center. advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. policy
Most of the time, it ’ s nothing major, but bleeding after sex can sometimes signal a larger problem. even if you entirely notice light up spotting, it ’ s a good estimate to see your doctor .
Ob-Gyn Lynn Simpson, MD, says there are several things that might cause run after you have sex. While some go away without discussion, medicine or a minor operation can resolve early problems. Your doctor can help you determine the induce and treatment, if needed.
8 things that can cause bleeding after sex
1. Menstruation : This may seem obvious, but before you call your repair, consider whether it ’ mho around that clock of the month. “ If you have sex right before or after your period, that may explain your bleeding, ” says Dr. Simpson. Keeping track of your cycles is helpful for resolving such questions. There are several apps available that can help you keep racetrack of your period cycles .
Treatment : none
2. Vaginal atrophy or dryness : This typically relates to a lack of estrogen ( and frequently shows up after menopause ). “ If dryness is hard, the clash of sexual intercourse may cause bleed, ” Dr. Simpson explains .
Treatment : Using lubrication during sexual activity may help. If estrogen is the topic, your doctor may recommend hormone successor therapy in pill, cut-in or cream shape .
3. Cervicitis : This is an excitement or infection of the cervix. It may cause bleeding or a change in your vaginal free .
possible causes include :
- Sexually transmitted diseases, such as chlamydia.
- Bacterial vaginosis, or an imbalance of the naturally occurring bacteria in the vagina. While this isn’t a likely cause, sometimes secondary inflammation can cause bleeding after sex.
- Trichomoniasis, or a sexually transmitted infection from a parasite.
Treatment : Your doctor will prescribe an antibiotic. 4. Cervical ectropion : soft, glandular cells that line the inside the cervical duct boom into the out function of the cervix ( where the cells are typically harder ) .
Treatment : This is normal for many women ( and would not require treatment ), but if there are symptoms, such as excessive discharge or bleed, it could require treatment .
“ If you have bleeding or annoyance from cervical ectropion that interferes with your sex life, your sophisticate may recommend discussion, ” says Dr. Simpson. During this outpatient routine, your doctor will use heat or cold therapy to treat the area and stop the run .
5. Cervical polyps : These are growths on the open of the cervix that sometimes result from chronic inflammation or hormonal changes.
Read more: Weird Sex Positions You Need To Try
Treatment : Almost all cervical polyps are benign. If your symptoms are minor, you may not need discussion. When they are removed, it is because of a minor chance of abnormal cells in association with irregular bleed. All removed polyps are sent for evaluation to make certain the cells are normal .
6. Uterine prolapse : If your uterus comes out of its normal side, your neck and other tissues are sometimes exposed. If the condition is severe enough, it may cause bleed .
Treatment: For minor prolapse, your repair may recommend weight unit personnel casualty or kegel exercises to strengthen muscles in the area. In more hard cases, your doctor can insert a ring to support the tissue or perform operation to repair it .
7. Lesions : Lesions found in the neck are often benign. But they may bleed after you have intercourse .
Treatment: Your doctor of the church may do further testing to get a closer expression and determine if they are cancerous. A procedure can remove lesions with either a laser or freeze proficiency. 8. Cervical cancer : about 11 % of women who have cervical cancer have post-coital bleeding. It is often the first symptom of cancer .
Treatment : If cervical cancer is diagnosed, your doctor will refer you to a gynecological oncologist for further management. For pre-cancerous cells, a simple outpatient discussion can remove abnormal cells. If the cells are cancerous, your doctor of the church probable will recommend chemotherapy, radiotherapy or operating room .
When should you see your doctor?
A adept convention of thumb is that any abnormal bleed, whether it is precisely a few drops or a bombastic amount, needs to be evaluated, Dr. Simpson says .
“ If you are having something that isn ’ triiodothyronine normal, your uterus is talking to you and saying something international relations and security network ’ t right, ” she says. “ It ’ s not inevitably bad, but if it is perennial or you are merely concerned, get it checked out. ”
What can you expect during your doctor visit?
Your doctor will take a health history and ask about :
- Other irregular bleeding.
- Heavy or irregular periods.
- Unusual pain that doesn’t seem to relate to the bleeding.
- A change in sexual partners.
- A change in vaginal discharge.
- When you had your last Pap test.
A physical examination will check for signs of infection.
If your Pap test international relations and security network ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate current, your doctor will be certain to perform one for you while you ’ re in their office. A Pap screen can help determine the want for any foster tests or procedures .
If your test shows no problems, but your shed blood continues — and it entirely occurs after sex — your repair will likely want to check your cervix and do a biopsy. This may show any implicit in condition that a forcible examination and Pap smear did not find .
“ The significant thing to remember is that most of the clock it is nothing bad and goes away on its own, ” Dr. Simpson says. “ But it ’ south sometimes a sign of a dangerous underlie discipline that needs attention. ”