Liver: Anatomy and Functions

Anatomy of the liver

Anatomy of the liver and biliary system with blood vessels
The liver-colored is located in the amphetamine right fortune of the abdominal cavity, beneath the diaphragm, and on top of the stomach, correct kidney, and intestines .
Shaped like a cone, the liver is a dark red-brown organ that weighs about 3 pounds .
There are 2 discrete sources that supply lineage to the liver, including the pursue :

  • Oxygenated rake flows in from the liverwort artery
  • Nutrient-rich blood flows in from the liverwort portal vein vein

The liver holds about one pint ( 13 % ) of the body ‘s blood supply at any given here and now. The liver consists of 2 main lob. Both are made up of 8 segments that consist of 1,000 lobules ( small lobes ). These lobules are connected to small ducts ( tubes ) that connect with larger ducts to form the common hepatic duct. The common hepatic duct transports the bile made by the liver-colored cells to the gallbladder and duodenum ( the first separate of the modest intestine ) via the common bile duct .

Functions of the liver

The liver regulates most chemical levels in the rake and excretes a product called bile. This helps carry away lay waste to products from the liver. All the rake leaving the stomach and intestines passes through the liver. The liver processes this blood and breaks down, balances, and creates the nutrients and besides metabolizes drugs into forms that are easier to use for the rest of the soundbox or that are nontoxic. More than 500 vital functions have been identified with the liver. Some of the more well-known functions include the keep up :

  • product of bile, which helps carry away neutralize and break down fats in the small intestine during digestion
  • production of certain proteins for blood plasma
  • production of cholesterol and limited proteins to help carry fats through the consistency

  • conversion of excess glucose into glycogen for storage ( glycogen can late be converted back to glucose for energy ) and to balance and make glucose as needed
  • regulation of blood levels of amino acids, which form the build up blocks of proteins
  • serve of hemoglobin for use of its iron capacity ( the liver stores iron )
  • conversion of poisonous ammonia to urea ( urea is an end intersection of protein metamorphosis and is excreted in the urine )
  • Clearing the lineage of drugs and other poisonous substances
  • Regulating blood clotting

  • Resisting infections by making immune factors and removing bacteria from the bloodstream
  • headroom of bilirubin, besides from red blood cells. If there is an accumulation of bilirubin, the hide and eyes turn yellow .

When the liver has broken down harmful substances, its by-products are excreted into the bile or blood. Bile by-products enter the intestine and leave the soundbox in the form of feces. Blood by-products are filtered out by the kidneys, and leave the body in the human body of urine .

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