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The Tomato Had To Go Abroad To Make estimable
0ne of the strangest things about the history of the tomato ( Lycopersicon esculentum ) is the fact that, although it is of american lineage, it was unknown as food in this country until long after it was normally eaten in Europe. Until hardly more than a hundred years ago it was broadly thought to be poisonous in the United States. long before it was considered here as fit to eat, it was grown merely as an ornamental garden plant, sometimes called “ beloved apple. ”
The misguided idea that tomatoes were poisonous credibly arise because the plant belongs to the Nightshade family, of which some species are truly poisonous. The strong, unpleasant olfactory property of the leaves and stems besides contributed to the idea that the fruits were unfit for food .
Our news “ tomato ” is but a rebuff alteration of tomati, the bible used by the Indians of Mexico, who have grown the plant for food since prehistoric times. other name reported by early european explorers were tomatl, tumatle, and tomatas, credibly variants of amerind words.

In Their Native Andes, Tomatoes Grow Wild
Cultivated tomatoes apparently originated as wild forms in the Peru-Ecuador-Bolivia area of the Andes. Moderate altitudes in that mountainous land abound today in a across-the-board crop of forms of tomato, both wild and cultivated. The cultivate tomato is identical attendant to cold and besides rather intolerant of highly hot or dry weather, a characteristic reflecting the nature of the climate in which it originated .

presumably the cultivate species of tomato was carried from the slopes of the Andes northbound into Central America and Mexico in the lapp way as corn, by a prehistoric migration of Indians. Since few primitive forms of tomato are found in Central America and Mexico compared with the number in South America, this probably occurred in relatively holocene times-perhaps in the last two thousand years .
Because of the highly perishable nature of the fruit, it seems likely that the tomato was among the final of the native american species to be adopted as a cultivated food plant by the Indians and that it remained of little importance until after the arrival of the whiten man. Lack of evidence of its use by north american Indians farther suggests its quite recently movement from South America .
For more than 200 years after 1554, when the beginning known read of the tomato was written, it was being gradually carried over the earth. european writers mentioned seeing it in far places, but not in what is now the United States.

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Italians first base grew the tomato about 1550 and apparently were the first base Europeans to eat it. About 25 years late it was grown in English, Spanish, and mid-European gardens as a curio, with fiddling or no interest in it then as food. The french gave it the name pomme d’amour ; hence the English and early on american english term “ love apple. ”
One early italian writer called the tomato poma Peruviana, suggesting that it was introduced from Peru. Another called it poma d’oro, or “ amber apple, ” indicating that the earliest introductions were yellow-fruited. By the middle of the eighteenth century the tomato was grown for food extensively in Italy and to some extent in many european countries .
Thomas Jefferson Grew Tomatoes
not until after the Declaration of Independence do we find any read of the tomato as being grown by ashen men in this area. Thomas Jefferson, a signally progressive Virginia farmer arsenic well as a statesman, grew it in 1781. It was purportedly introduced to Philadelphia by a french refugee from Santo Domingo in 1789 and to Salem, Massachusetts, in 1802 by an italian painter .
Tomatoes were used as food in New Orleans a early as 1812, undoubtedly through french influence ; but it was another 20 to 25 years before they were grown for food in the northeastern region of the nation. many persons now living recall being told that tomatoes were poisonous.

The assorted shapes and colors of tomatoes known today in the United States were found in America by the earliest explorers. plant breeders have improved the size and eloquence of the yield and the productivity of the plants, but have introduced nothing basically new in form or color .
As a food of worldwide importance, the tomato is about the newest. It has been cultivated and bred therefore assiduously in Europe that european varieties are now contributing authoritative characters to the improvement of the crop in the United States. Italy has long been celebrated for its excellent tomato paste, made from humble, oblong, rich people, red tomatoes ; and spaghetti is hardly spaghetti without tomato sauce .
After having made good abroad, the tomato has attained capital importance in its native hemisphere. today, in the United States alone, hundreds of thousands of acres yield millions of tons of tomatoes .

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Category : Health

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