sexual or romantic attraction to people careless of sex

Pansexuality is sexual, romanticist, or aroused attraction towards people careless of their arouse or gender identity. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] pansexual people may refer to themselves as gender-blind, asserting that sex and sex are not determining factors in their romantic or sexual attraction to others. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] Pansexuality may be considered a sexual orientation course in its own correct or a ramify of androgyny, to indicate an alternate intimate identity. [ 2 ] [ 5 ] [ 6 ] Because pansexual people are open to relationships with people who do not identify as strictly men or women, and pansexuality consequently rejects the sex binary, [ 2 ] [ 7 ] it is considered by some to be a more inclusive term than bisexual. [ 8 ] The extent to which the term bisexual is inclusive when compared with the term pansexual is debated within the LGBT residential district, specially the bisexual community. [ 8 ]

Reading: Pansexuality

history of the term

Pansexuality is besides sometimes called omnisexuality. [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 10 ] Omnisexuality may be used to describe those “ attracted to people of all genders across the sex spectrum ”, and pansexuality may be used to describe the same people, or those attracted to people “ regardless of sex ”. [ 11 ] The prefix pan- comes from the Ancient Greek πᾶν ( pan ), meaning “ all, every ”. The loanblend words pansexual and pansexualism were first attested in 1914 ( spelled pan-sexualism ), coined by opponents of Sigmund Freud [ 12 ] to denote the idea “ that the sex instinct plays the primary coil depart in all homo activity, genial and physical ”. [ 13 ] [ a ] The term was translated to german as pansexualismus in Freud ‘s influence Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego. [ 15 ] The bible pansexual is attested as a term for a variety of attraction, aboard omnisexual ( coming from the Latin omnis, “ all ” ) and the earlier bisexual, by the 1970s. [ 16 ] Bi Any Other Name states that “ pansexual people have been actively involved in the bisexual community since the 1970s. ” [ 17 ] The terminus pansexuality emerged as a term for a sexual identity or sexual orientation in the 1990s, “ to describe desires that already existed for many people ”. [ 18 ] [ 11 ] Social psychologist Nikki Hayfield states that the term saw early on manipulation in BDSM communities. [ 11 ]

Comparison to androgyny and early sexual identities


A literal dictionary definition of bisexuality, due to the prefix bi-, is sexual or quixotic drawing card to two sexes ( males and females ), or to two genders ( men and women ). [ 8 ] [ 19 ] Pansexuality, however, composed with the prefix pan-, is the sexual attraction to a person of any sex or gender. Using these definitions, pansexuality is defined differently by explicitly including people who are hermaphrodite, transgender, or outside the sex binary. [ 2 ] [ 8 ] volume 2 of Cavendish ‘s Sex and Society states that “ although the term ‘s literal mean can be interpreted as ‘attracted to everything, ‘ people who identify as pansexual do not normally include paraphilias, such as bestiality, pedophilia, and necrophilia, in their definition ” and that they “ stress that the term pansexuality describes only consensual pornographic sexual behaviors. ” [ 2 ] The definition of pansexuality can encourage the impression that it is the merely sexual identity that covers individuals who do not cleanly fit into the categories of male or serviceman, or female or charwoman. [ 1 ] [ 7 ] [ 8 ] however, bisexual-identified people and scholars may object to the notion that androgyny means intimate attraction to only two genders, arguing that since bisexual is not plainly about drawing card to two sexes and encompasses attraction to different genders american samoa well, it includes attraction to more than two genders. [ 8 ] [ 20 ] Gender is considered more building complex than the state of one ‘s sex, as gender includes familial, hormonal, environmental and social factors. [ 2 ] Furthermore, the term bisexual is sometimes defined as the quixotic or sexual attraction to multiple genders. [ 8 ] The Bisexual Resource Center, for case, defines androgyny as “ an umbrella term for people who recognize and honor their likely for intimate and aroused attraction to more than one gender ”, [ 21 ] while the American Institute of Bisexuality states that the term bisexual “ is an open and inclusive term for many kinds of people with same-sex and different-sex attractions ” [ 22 ] and that “ the scientific classification bisexual entirely addresses the physical, biological sex of the people involved, not the gender-presentation. ” [ 20 ] learner Shiri Eisner states that terms such as pansexual, omnisexual, polysexual, queer, etc. are being used in plaza of the term bisexual because “ bisexuality, it ‘s been claimed, is a gender binary, and therefore oppressive, news ” and that “ the bang-up debate is being perpetuated and developed by bisexual-identified transgender and genderqueer people on the one hand, and non-bi-identified transgender and genderqueer people on the other. ” Eisner argues that “ the allegations of binarism have little to do with androgyny ‘s actual attributes or bisexual people ‘s behavior in real life sentence ” and that the allegations are a political method acting to keep the bisexual and transgender movements separated, because of those who believe that bisexuality ignores or erases the visibility of transgender and genderqueer people. [ 8 ] The American Institute of Bisexuality argues that “ terms like pansexual, polysexual, omnisexual, and ambisexual besides describe a person with homosexual and heterosexual attractions, and consequently people with those labels are besides bisexual ” and that “ by replacing the prefix bismuth – ( two, both ) with pan- ( all ), poly- ( many ), omni- ( all ), ambi- ( both, and implying ambiguity in this case ), people who adopt these labels seek to intelligibly express the fact that sex does not factor into their own sex ”, but “ this does not mean, however, that people who identify as bisexual are fixated on gender. ” [ 22 ] The establish believes that the mind that identifying as bisexual reinforces a false sex binary “ has its roots in the anti-science, anti- Enlightenment philosophy that has ironically found a home within many Queer Studies departments at universities across the Anglophone world, ” and that, “ while it is true that our society ‘s linguistic process and terminology do not necessarily reflect the full moon spectrum of human gender diverseness, that is barely the demerit of people who choose to identify as bismuth. … The latin prefix bi- does indeed indicate two or both, however the ‘both ‘ indicated in the word bisexual are merely homosexual ( unhorse. same sex ) and heterosexual ( illuminated. different sexual activity ). ” The institute argues that heterosexuality and homosexuality, by contrast, “ are defined by the boundary of two sexes/genders. Given those cardinal facts, any criticism of androgyny as reinforcing a sex binary star is misplaced. Over time, our club ‘s concept of human arouse and gender may well change. ” [ 20 ]

umbrella term

Social psychologist Corey Flanders said the “ bisexual umbrella “ is a term used to describe a range of intimate identities and communities that express drawing card to multiple genders, frequently grouping together those who identify as bisexual, pansexual, queer, and fluid, ampere well as other identities. The terminus faces issues of balancing inclusivity with coherence where, on one hand, the term can bring together many disparate identities and gather their experiences, and on the early, it can lead to besides many sub-groupings and exclude those who identify with more than one intimate identity. [ 23 ] The term pansexuality is sometimes used interchangeably with bisexuality, and, similarly, people who identify as bisexual may “ feel that sex, biological sex, and sexual predilection should not be a focal point in likely [ romantic/sexual ] relationships. ” [ 2 ] Additionally, pansexuality is frequently used in conjunction with bisexuality, which can pose difficulties in studying differences and similarities in experiences between those who identify as pansexual and those who identify as bisexual and not pansexual. [ 11 ] In one study analyzing intimate identities described as alternative terms for bisexual or bi-self labels, “ half of all bisexual and bisexual-identified respondents besides chose alternate self-labels such as queer, pansexual, pansensual, polyfidelitous, ambisexual, polysexual, or personalized identities such as byke or biphilic. ” [ 5 ] In a 2017 survey, identifying as pansexual was found to be “ most appealing to nonheterosexual women and noncisgender individuals. ” [ 24 ] Polysexuality is like to pansexuality in definition, meaning “ encompassing more than one sex ”, but not necessarily encompassing all sexualities. This is clear-cut from polyamory, which means more than one intimate relationship at the lapp time with the cognition and accept of everyone involved. The american Institute of Bisexuality stated, the term fluid ( not to be mistaken with genderfluid ) “ expresses the fact that the balance of a person ‘s homosexual and heterosexual attractions exists in a state of flow and changes over prison term. ” [ 22 ] Eisner states that “ the theme of androgyny as an umbrella term can emphasize a numerousness of identities, forms of desire, lived experiences, and politics, ” and “ resist a unmarried standard ” of defining bisexual-umbrella identities and communities, including pansexuality and pansexuals. Eisner besides says that only those who want to be included under the bisexual umbrella should be included. [ 25 ] The terminus plurisexualities is used by social psychologist Nikki Hayfield over androgyny as an umbrella term “ to capture extra identities relating to drawing card to multiple genders ”, while besides referring to specific identities like bisexual, asexual, and pansexual. [ 11 ] In contrast to the estimate of a bisexual umbrella, scholars Christopher Belous and Melissa Bauman propose that pansexuality might be considered more of an umbrella term than bisexuality, arguing that because pansexuality is often defined more broadly than androgyny, bisexuality may exist under the umbrella of “ pansexual orientations ”. They noted that more research is necessity to clarify which of the two terms might be more appropriate as an umbrella term. [ 26 ] Scholar Emily Prior questions the practice of bisexuality as an umbrella condition, noting that “ the empiric evidence merely is n’t there ” to determine whether androgyny can effectively act as an umbrella terminus. [ 27 ] Social psychologist Joye Swan argues that including other orientations under the bisexual umbrella contributes to bisexual invisibility, invisibility for other sexualities, and presumes that “ all or most bisexual people agree with being categorized ” under the bisexual umbrella. [ 27 ]


A 2016 Harris Poll survey of 2,000 US adults commissioned by GLAAD [ 28 ] found that among 18-34 year-olds, about two percentage self-identify as pansexual [ 29 ] and approximately one percentage in all other age groups. [ 30 ] In 2017, 14 % of a sample of 12,000 LGBTQ young person between 13 and 17 years of long time declared themselves pansexual in a Human Rights Campaign / University of Connecticut survey. [ 31 ] [ 32 ] According to the National Center for Transgender Equality, 25 % of american transgender people identify as bisexual. [ 33 ] A 2017 analyze published in the Journal of Bisexuality found that when bisexuals and pansexuals described sex and define androgyny, “ there were no differences in how pansexual and bisexual people … discussed sex or sex ”, and that the findings “ do not support the stereotype that bisexual people endorse a binary opinion of sex while pansexual people do not. ” [ 34 ] One New Zealand 2019 survey of a nationally example group of bisexual and pansexual participants found that younger, gender-diverse, and Maori people were more likely to self-identify as pansexual compared to bisexual. [ 35 ] Educational psychologist Barbara Gormley states that “ bi+ people may embody more than one gender/sex vitamin a well as romantically love more than one gender/sex ; therefore, we [ bi+ people ] have no citation period in a binary-gendered population. ” [ 36 ]

Pansexual & Panromantic Awareness Day

The internationally recognised LGBT awareness menstruation is the annual Pansexual & Panromantic Awareness Day ( 24 May ), [ 37 ] first celebrated in 2015, to promote awareness of and celebrate pansexual and panromantic identities .

See besides


  1. ^[14] Another early definition was “ the permeation of all lead and experience with sexual emotions ”.


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