Healthy blood glucose levels: Targets, extremes, and lifestyle tips

Blood glucose is a sugar that the bloodstream carries to all cells in the body to supply energy. A person needs to keep blood sugar levels within a condom range to reduce the gamble of diabetes and kernel disease. Blood glucose monitoring measures the measure of boodle that the blood is transporting during a single clamant. People obtain this boodle from the diet. The human consistency regulates blood glucose levels so that they remain moderate : enough glucose to fuel the cells, but not enough to overload the bloodstream.

The lineage ’ s inner environment must remain stable to support vital bodily functions. Blood glucose levels change throughout the day. After eating, levels advance and then settle after about an hour. They are at their lowest point before the first meal of the day. In this article, we look at the ideal target levels for blood glucose, arsenic well as providing an overview of glucose itself and how to keep rake sugar readings within healthy range.

What is a healthy blood sugar level?

man measuring blood sugar share on PinterestA healthy blood sugar levels is below 99 mg/dL. Health authorities consider a normal fast blood carbohydrate level to be below 99 milligrams per deciliter ( mg/dL ). In people with diabetes, the levels will change more. alternatively of targeting a specific level, the aim of managing blood carbohydrate is to keep the levels within a goodly range. The American Diabetes Association recommend aim levels of 70–130 mg/dL before eating for a person with diabetes. Within 2 hours of eating a meal, blood glucose levels should be less than 180mg/dL .

What is glucose?

Glucose is a carbohydrate that circulates the rake, serving as the body ’ s main reference of energy. When a person takes in carbohydrates through the diet, the digestive system processes them into sugar molecules of different complexities. Complex carbohydrates, such as the lactose coarse in dairy products, are harder for the soundbox to break down. They contain different types of carbohydrate atom. Glucose is another product of carbohydrate breakdown. It is a dim-witted sugar that cells in the torso can easily convert to department of energy. The carbohydrate goes straight from the digestive organization into the bloodstream after an individual consumes and digests food. however, glucose can merely enter cells if enough insulin is besides circulating in the bloodstream. Insulin is a protein that makes cells ready to receive glucose. The cells would starve without enough insulin, or if they become besides resistant to its effects. After people eat, blood carbohydrate concentrations increase. The pancreas releases insulin automatically to move glucose from the blood to the cells. As more and more cells receive glucose, blood carbohydrate levels return to convention. The liver and muscles store excess glucose as glycogen. Glycogen plays an important function in achieving homeostasis, a balance submit in the body. It helps the body function during states of starvation. If a person does not eat for a curtly time period, lineage glucose concentrations will fall. The pancreas releases another hormone called glucagon. Glucagon triggers the dislocation of glycogen into glucose, which pushes levels in the rake back up to normal.

Low levels

Hypoglycemia develops when lineage carbohydrate concentrations fall below convention. People with diabetes have a higher risk of both hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia. early signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia are :

  • tingling lips
  • trembling in the hands and other parts of the body
  • pale face
  • sweating
  • palpitations or increased heart rate
  • anxiety
  • dizziness or lightheadedness

The homo brain needs a constant supply of glucose. sternly low glucose can have the pursuit effects :

  • confusion and disorientation
  • difficulty concentrating
  • a paranoid or aggressive mentality

Less normally, the person may experience seizures or lose awareness. Among people with diabetes, austere hypoglycemia can be fatal. Some causes of hypoglycemia include :

  • diabetes
  • some medications, for example, quinine for the treatment of malaria
  • taking too much insulin
  • drinking alcohol without eating, as the liver may not release glycogen
  • some illnesses, notably severe hepatitis and disorders of the kidney
  • anorexia

If the kidneys and liver do not work correctly, breaking down and excreting medication from the consistency becomes harder. excessive insulin product or supplement can lead to hypoglycemia. Some tumors can cause low blood sugar, as they produce chemicals similar to insulin. A tumor may besides consume therefore much glucose that it does not leave enough for the stay of the consistency. People who undergo gastric bypass surgery might besides experience hypoglycemia, as they will be able to take in less food than they were able to before surgery. Nesidioblastosis, a rare stipulate involving the expansion of beta cells, often results in an overproduction of insulin. Beta cells produce insulin in the pancreas.

Maintaining healthy levels

People with diabetes need to be particularly careful to maintain steady blood glucose levels, but those without diabetes should besides follow healthy life style habits to avoid increasing the hazard of developing the condition .

The glycemic index

share on PinterestChickpeas are a low-GI option for food. The glycemic exponent can help people choose foods that will not disrupt their rake sugar levels. The index gives a prize to each food. Foods that will cause blood glucose levels to spike dramatically, such as sugarcoat, cakes, and debris food, are gamey in the glycemic index. Those that will minimize fluctuations through a boring liberation of department of energy have a low score. Measured against glucose, which is 100 in the index, Watermelon, for model, has a mean value of 76, honey is at 61, and chickpeas rank at 28. The glycemic burden ( GL ) is based on the GI. It provides a picture of the full impact a serve of food will have on energy levels.

What is blood glucose monitoring?

People use blood glucose monitoring to regularly test glucose levels in the blood. It is an all-important part of effective diabetes control. many people with diabetes must check respective times each day to plan for activities and meals, a well as scheduling doses of medication or insulin. A person can test their rake glucose levels with a glucometer. They normally come with lancets, or bantam needles, a logbook to record results, and test strips .

How to use a glucose meter

Glucometers are easy to use. Take the be steps to successfully test blood glucose :

  1. Set out the glucose meter, a test strip, the lancet device, and an alcohol prep pad.
  2. Wash your hands with warm, soapy water.
  3. Switch on the glucose meter, and insert a test strip when the device is ready.
  4. With an alcohol prep pad, wipe the planned site of injection. Wait for the alcohol to evaporate.
  5. Prick the finger with the lancet, and gently squeeze the finger until a small drop of blood develops.
  6. Place the drop of blood on the strip.
  7. Wait for the glucose meter to process the data.
  8. Read the result on the screen of glucose meter.
  9. Follow your doctor’s instructions in line with whichever reading shows on the screen.
  10. Keep a log of each glucose reading, as this helps the doctors find the best treatment plan. More modern devices allow automatic storage of data.

People with type 2 diabetes normally need to test blood carbohydrate concentrations at least once each day. Those who need to take insulin, which includes all people with type 1 diabetes and some with type 2, have to test their lineage several times a day. An accurate reading of the blood glucose flat can help achieve dependable diabetes master.

Lifestyle tips

life style choices can much help to control rake boodle. Eating a healthy diet with enough of yield and vegetables, maintaining a goodly weight unit, and getting at least 150 minutes of moderate-to-intense exercise each workweek can help. early tips for controlling blood sugar include :

  • eating at regular times and not skipping meals
  • drinking water instead of juice and soda
  • choosing fruit instead of a candy bar
  • using portion control, so that a typical plate will be one-fourth meat, one-fourth starchy foods, and one-half non-starchy vegetables

Any person who experiences symptoms of broken or high rake sugar should see a doctor, whether or not they have a diagnosis of diabetes.


People should aim for blood glucose levels that are below 99 mg/dL. guerrilla or extreme lineage sugar levels can lead to diabetes and other harmful complications.

Monitoring blood sugar at home is the best direction to make indisputable levels stay within a goodly roll. Both hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia can lead to the more hard complications of diabetes, so eating chiefly low-GI foods and exercising regularly can help keep lineage glucose balanced .

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Category : Health

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