Ketones: Blood or Urine Tests and Treatments

What causes high ketone levels ? The homo body primarily runs on glucose. When your body is depleted on glucose, or if you have diabetes and don ’ t have enough insulin to help your cells absorb the glucose, your consistency starts breaking down fats for energy. Ketones ( chemically known as ketone bodies ) are byproducts of the breakdown of fatty acids. The breakdown of fatness for fuel and the universe of ketones is a normal process for everyone. In a person without diabetes, insulin, glucagon, and other hormones prevent ketone levels in the lineage from getting excessively high. however, people with diabetes are at hazard for ketone buildup in their lineage.

If left untreated, people with character 1 diabetes are at hazard for developing a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis ( DKA ). While rare, it ’ s possible for people with type 2 diabetes to experience DKA in sealed circumstances american samoa well. Ketosis: Symptoms, signs, and more »

How are ketones tested?

Testing your blood or urine to measure your ketone levels can all be done at home. At-home testing kits are available for both types of tests, although urine testing continues to be more park. urine tests are available without a prescription at most drugstores, or you can buy them online. You should test your urine or rake for ketones when any of the take after occurs :

  • Your blood sugar is higher than 240 mg/dL.
  • You have symptoms of DKA.
  • You feel sick or nauseated, regardless of your blood sugar reading.

To perform a urine quiz, you urinate into a clean container and dip the screen clean into the urine. For a child who isn ’ t potty-trained, a rear can normally press the stick to their child ’ south wet diaper to test for ketones. Urine testing strips contain special chemicals that change colors when they react with ketones. You can interpret the test results by comparing the test strip to the color chart on the software. When you have ketones present in your urine, it ’ randomness called ketonuria. An at-home meter is available to test for blood ketones. This is performed in a exchangeable way to a finger-stick glucose test. You prick your finger with a needle and place a small drop of rake onto the testing area. Doctors often recommend that people who ’ ve merely received a diabetes diagnosis test their ketones doubly daily.

What do my results mean?

While individual test may vary, in general, results for ketone testing are labeled in the keep up way :normal/negativeless than 0.6 millimoles per liter (mmol/L)low to moderate0.6 to 1.5 mmol/Lhigh1.6 to 3.0 mmol/Lvery highgreater than 3.0 mmol/L Call your doctor if your ketones are moo to moderate, and search emergency medical attention if your ketone levels are high to very high.

What happens if your ketone levels get too high?

Ketones can make your blood acidic. acidic blood can cause DKA. The most good effects of DKA include :

  • swelling in your brain
  • a loss of consciousness
  • diabetic coma
  • death

This is why it ’ south significant to have a design of military action in the consequence that your ketone levels become excessively high. Alcoholic ketoacidosis »

Treatment for high ketone levels

Treating high ketone levels can immediately help you avoid hospitalization for DKA. function with your doctor to decide what you need to do to help manage tone down ketone levels. If you ’ re unable to treat at home or if your levels continue to rise, you ’ ll necessitate to receive medical treatment. Treatments can include :

Intravenous (IV) fluid replacement

One DKA symptom is increased micturition, which can result in fluid loss. Rehydrating with IV fluids can help to dilute the extra glucose in your lineage .

Electrolyte replacement

When a person has DKA, their electrolyte levels tend to be depleted. Examples of electrolytes include potassium, sodium, and chloride. If a person loses besides much of these electrolytes, their heart and muscles can ’ triiodothyronine function as well .

Insulin

In an emergency situation, people are normally given insulin through an IV to improve their ability to use excess glucose in the lineage for energy. This typically involves testing glucose levels on an hourly footing. When your ketones and lineage acid level begin to return to normal, IV insulin may no long be necessary, and you would resume your convention insulin therapy regimen. DKA can besides be caused by an underlie illness, such as an infection or a hard stomach bug that causes vomiting. In these cases, your doctor may prescribe treatments for the underlying illness arsenic well.

Are there ways to prevent high ketone levels?

careful management of diabetes is the key to preventing high ketone levels. Do the follow to keep your blood sugar levels healthy and ketone production to a minimal :

Check blood sugar levels regularly

Your doctor of the church will recommend how frequently you should check your blood carbohydrate levels, but this is typically four to six times per day. You should check your blood sugar more much in the stick to cases :

  • Your blood sugar levels are getting higher.
  • You’re having symptoms of high or low blood sugar.
  • You’re sick.

Follow a healthy diet plan

Managing your carbohydrate consumption and insulin dose is critical for managing diabetes. Be certain to talk to your register dietician if you need help managing your diet .

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