Overview of Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract. Understanding Crohn ’ s disease can help you and your loved ones navigate the uncertainty that comes with a new diagnosis .
Calling all Crohn ’ s patients ! Have you or a love one been recently diagnosed ? Or were you diagnosed with Crohn ’ s disease years ago but placid don ’ t fully understand your disease ? Check out our latest video chat to learn more .

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Video Chat : Crohn ‘s Disease 101

Crohn ’ s disease belongs to a group of conditions known as incendiary intestine diseases, or IBD. It is named after Dr. Burrill B. Crohn, who first described the disease in 1932 along with his colleagues, Dr. Leon Ginzburg and Dr. Gordon D. Oppenheimer .

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Crohn ‘s 101 – overview This introductory video provides information on potential causes, symptoms, treatment and overall management of Crohn ’ randomness disease .

Who is Affected?

  • IBD affects an estimate 3 million Americans. Men and women are equally likely to be affected by Crohn ‘s disease .
  • The disease can occur at any age, but Crohn ’ randomness disease is most often diagnosed in adolescents and adults between the ages of 20 and 30 .
  • Studies have shown that between 1.5 percentage and 28 percentage of people with IBD have a first-degree relative, such as a parent, child, or sibling, who besides has one of the diseases .
  • tied though there is genetic component associated with increased hazard of IBD, it is impossible to predict who may get Crohn ’ s disease based on class history .
  • Crohn ’ s disease can affect people from all heathen backgrounds. The disease is more coarse in Caucasians, though the rates of Crohn ’ randomness disease have increased among Hispanics and Asians in holocene years .

Crohn’s Disease

  • Can affect any part of the GI nerve pathway from the mouth to the anus, but most normally affects the end of the little intestine ( ileum ) and the begin of the colon
  • Can affect the stallion thickness of the intestine wall
  • inflammation of the intestine can “ cut, ” or leave normal areas in between patches of diseased intestine

Ulcerative Colitis

  • alone the colon, besides called the large intestine, is affected
  • Affects only the inmost lining of the colon
  • inflammation of the intestine does not “ decamp ”

Types of Crohn’s Disease

If you are diagnosed with Crohn ’ sulfur disease, it ’ randomness crucial to know which partially of your GI tract is affected. While symptoms of Crohn ’ mho disease can vary from person to person, the type of Crohn ’ south you have impacts the symptoms and complications you may experience .


This is the most common human body of Crohn ’ s disease. It affects the end of the small intestine, known as the terminal ileum, and the bombastic intestine, besides called the colon .
Symptoms may include :

  • Diarrhea and cramping
  • pain in the middle or lower properly part of the abdomen

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  • significant weight loss


This type of Crohn ’ randomness affects only the ileum .
Symptoms may include :

  • lapp as ileocolitis
  • In austere cases, complications may include fistulas or incendiary abscess in the right field lower quadrant of the abdomen

Gastroduodenal Crohn’s Disease

This type affects the stomach and the get down of the little intestine, called the duodenum .
Symptoms may include :

  • nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight passing


This type is characterized by patchy areas of excitement in the upper half of the small intestine, called the jejunum .
Symptoms may include :

  • Mild to intense abdominal pain and cramps following meals
  • diarrhea
  • Fistulas may form in severe cases or after prolong periods of inflammation

Crohn’s (Granulomatous) Colitis

This character affects merely the colon, besides known as the large intestine .
Symptoms may include :

  • diarrhea
  • rectal bleed
  • Disease around the anus, including abscess, fistulas and ulcers
  • Skin lesions and joint pains are more common in this form of Crohn ‘s than in others

Crohn’s Disease vs. Ulcerative Colitis

Crohn ’ mho disease and ulcerative colitis share like symptoms and they are both types of inflammatory intestine disease ( IBD ), but they are not the like illness and they affect different areas of the GI tract .
Crohn ‘s disease

  • Can affect any part of the GI tract from the mouth to the anus
  • Can affect the entire thickness of the bowel wall

ulcerative colitis

  • Only the colon and rectum (also known as the large intestine) are affected
  • Affects the inner-most lining of the large intestine

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