FatCamera/E+/GettyImages If you ‘re at risk for diabetes, you may be wondering what a normal blood sugar range for women is. The solution to that doubt can vary, however, from trial to test .
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inaugural, keep in thinker that carbohydrate ( glucose ) is n’t the villain that some people make it out to be — it plays a crucial role in keeping your body functioning properly. Your cells require glucose for essential body functions like keeping your kernel tick and your muscles pumping. You obtain glucose from the carbohydrates you eat. But when lineage sugar levels are excessively high, it can lead to damage to both minor and big blood vessels equally well as nerves, which in turn can cause problems with your heart, kidneys and eyes .
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Glucose ( or sugar ) in your lineage is measured in mg/dL ( or milligrams per deciliter ). Two hours after eating a meal, normal blood boodle levels are less than 140 mg/dL. This is true careless of what you ‘ve eaten .
Common Tests to Check Blood Glucose Levels
Health concern providers can use a variety of testing ground tests to check blood boodle levels and determine whether a woman has diabetes. Some of these tests require fasting for 8 hours before blood is drawn. Blood glucose levels that are besides high suggest insufficient insulin production, reduced insulin sensitivity or a combination of the two — and could mean that you have diabetes .
ad Fasting Glucose Levels
The most common test for lineage sugar is the fasting plasma or rake glucose test ( FBG ). For an accurate read, it is necessary to fast for at least 8 hours advance, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. For this test, a normal lineage sugar range for women is between 70 and 99 mg/dL, the lapp as that for men.
A charwoman with a fasting blood glucose level of 100 to 125 mg/dL may have a condition known as afflicted fasting glucose or prediabetes, which can increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. A fast blood glucose degree of 126 mg/dL or greater may indicate that you have diabetes .
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Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
Health care providers can besides assess the ability of your body to metabolize boodle with an oral glucose allowance test ( OGTT ). During this test, you ‘ll fast for 8 hours before giving your doctor of the church a sample of blood. then you ‘ll drink a boodle liquid during the next few hours, during which time your rake will be taken every 30 to 60 minutes, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine .
ad Results between 140 and 199 mg/dL can indicate that a woman may have prediabetes or impaired glucose tolerance. A blood glucose level above 200 mg/dL suggests that you may have diabetes. A normal solution for blood glucose level for women is less than 140 mg/dL .
If you took a fast blood glucose test and saw that your numbers were senior high school, your repair may recommend an A1C examination, says Erin Palinski-Wade, RD, CDE, generator of 2-Day Diabetes Diet. An A1C test is a lineage screen that shows a person ‘s average rake boodle levels over a 3-month period of fourth dimension, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine .
“ The A1C actually gives you an mind of what ‘s been going on for 24 hours a sidereal day for the final 3 months and gives you a clearer painting if a person is at a meaning risk for diabetes or already has it, ” says Palinski-Wade. A normal A1C tied is less than 5.7 percentage ; if your results are 5.7 to 6.4 percentage, you have prediabetes ; if they ‘re 6.5 percentage or higher, you may have diabetes .
When it comes to diabetes testing, one abnormal test leave is not considered definitive. If any of these tests show results above the normal rate for women, expect your doctor to request a second trial — either a recur of the one you already took or another of the diagnostic tests .
How Often Should You Be Screened?
Every adult womanhood and man over the long time of 45 should be screened for diabetes every 3 years, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine .
If you have risk factors for diabetes, or if you have prediabetes or symptoms that indicate you may have high blood glucose — such as increase crave, frequent micturition, bleary vision or unexplained system of weights loss — you may want to be screened at an earlier long time ( or more often ). Along with age, common risk factors for diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association ‘s 2019 Standards of Care, include :
- Family history: Your risk is higher if you have a first-degree relative (like a parent, sibling or child) with diabetes.
- Race and ethnicity: African American, Latino, Native American, Asian American and Pacific Islander folks are at a higher risk of diabetes.
- Health conditions: If you have a history of cardiovascular disease or hypertension, or if you have polycystic ovary syndrome, you have a higher likelihood of a diabetes diagnosis. Low levels of HDL cholesterol or high levels of triglycerides are also a risk factor.
- Obesity: Having either overweight or obesity is a risk factor for diabetes.
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