Studies show that 15 to 30 percentage of people with prediabetes will develop diabetes in equally little as five years without intervention, such as weight loss or increased physical action. In fact, most people who get character 2 diabetes had prediabetes first. Prediabetes is serious in and of itself. People with prediabetes and diabetes have a greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease than those without it. There are four tests that doctors can perform to determine whether you have high blood boodle.
The A1C test is a blood test that measures the share of sugar that ’ s attached to your hemoglobin, a protein in your red rake cells ( RBCs ). The higher the A1C, the higher your average rake sugar levels have been running over the by two or three months. The A1C test is besides known by these names :
- hemoglobin A1c test
- HbA1c test
- glycosylated hemoglobin test
A normal A1C is below 5.7 percentage, which corresponds to an estimated average blood sugar level that ’ s lower than 117 milligrams per deciliter ( mg/dL ). An A1C between 5.7 percentage and 6.4 percentage suggests prediabetes. An A1C of 6.5 or more indicates type 2 diabetes if the test is confirmed .
According to the American Diabetes Association, up to 25 percentage of people with an A1C of 5.5 to 6 percentage will develop diabetes in 5 years ; for those with an A1C of 6 to 6.4 percentage, the calculate jumps to 50 percentage .
If your results are questionable, your repair will retest your A1C on another sidereal day to confirm the diagnosis .Type of resultsA1CEstimated average blood glucose level (mg/dL)normal A1C resultsbelow 5.7%below 117prediabetes A1C results5.7 to 6.4%117 to 137diabetes A1C resultsabove 6.4%above 137
Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test
The fast plasma glucose ( FPG ) trial is a rake trial that ’ randomness performed after you ’ ve been fasting overnight. It measures the sugar in your blood. A convention fast glucose examination resultant role is lower than 100 mg/dL. A consequence between 100 and 125 mg/dL is diagnostic for prediabetes. One that is 126 mg/dL or above is indicative of diabetes. If your result is 126 mg/dL or above, you ’ ll be retested on another day to confirm the diagnosis .Type of resultsFasting plasma glucose (FPG) level (mg/dL)normal FPG resultsbelow 100 prediabetes FPG results100 to 125 diabetes FPG resultsabove 125
Random plasma glucose (RPG) test
A random rake glucose ( RPG ) test is a rake test that ’ second performed any clock time of day that you aren ’ triiodothyronine fast. It measures the sugar flush in your lineage at that moment in clock. An RPG solution that ’ sulfur over 200 mg/dL is indicative of diabetes, particularly if you ’ re having symptoms of diabetes such as excessive crave, crave, or micturition. If your level is higher, your doctor will use one of the other tests listed to confirm the diagnosis .
Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)
The oral glucose tolerance screen ( OGTT ) takes a little more time than the other two glucose tests for diabetes. In this test, your blood is taken after an nightlong fast, and then again two hours after you drink a sugary drink. It ’ sulfur convention for blood carbohydrate to rise after the drink. Normal blood boodle falls to below 140 mg/dL within two hours, however. If your lineage sugar is between 140 and 199 mg/dL, your sophisticate will diagnose prediabetes. Anything 200 mg/dL or above is diagnostic for type 2 diabetes .Type of resultsBlood glucose level (mg/dL)normal OGTT resultsbelow 140prediabetes OGTT results140 to 199diabetes OGTT resultsabove 199