Gastroentestinal Bleeding: Conditions Treated

Gastrointestinal Bleeding

Share this

What is gastrointestinal bleeding?

Gastrointestinal ( GI ) bleed is when there is bleeding in the GI nerve pathway, which includes the esophagus, abdomen, small intestines, colon ( large intestines ), rectum, and anus. GI bleeding is typically grouped into two large categories : upper berth and lower GI bleed. The upper GI tract includes the esophagus, digest, and part of the humble intestine ; the lower GI tract includes the rest of the small intestine, colon, rectum, and anus .
The shed blood could be small, so it is not always visible in stool or vomit. GI bleeds may or may not be serious, depending on the amount of blood lost and the condition causing the run. however, over fourth dimension, minor, continuous bleeds can lead to a significant come of blood loss .

Risk Factors and Causes

hazard factors that may lead to GI bleeding include :

  • Chronic vomiting
  • Alcoholism
  • Medications, including but not limited to
    • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs); commonly used NSAIDs include
      • Aspirin
      • Ibuprofen (Advil)
      • Naproxen (Aleve)
    • Anticoagulants
  • Gastrointestinal surgery

Causes of minor bleeds are:

  • Hemorrhoids
  • Anal fissures or tears

Causes of more serious bleeds include:

  • Ulcers
  • Cancer (anywhere along GI tract)
  • Polyps
  • Inflammation in the GI tract (i.e. esophagitis, gastritis, colitis)
  • Variceal bleeding, typically caused by liver damage
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
    • Crohn’s disease
    • Ulcerative colitis
  • Angiodysplasia
  • Diverticulosis
  • Meckel’s diverticulum
  • Mallory-Weiss tears (tears in esophagus or upper stomach)
  • Trauma

Symptoms

Symptoms will differ based on the placement and cause of the GI run, and microscopic GI bleeds can merely be detected with lab tests. visible symptoms include

  • Blood on toilet paper
  • Red, bloody stools
  • Black or tarry stools
  • Red, bloody vomit
  • Vomit that looks like coffee grounds

Other symptoms may include

  • Weight loss
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Dehydration
  • Fever
  • Anemia
  • Low blood pressure
  • Fainting

Depending on the cause of the GI bleed, there may be other symptoms as well ( i.e. bitterness or yellow peel for liver-colored damage ).

Read more: Control de la gota

Diagnosis

The follow tests may be performed to determine the source of bleed and the fundamental causal agent :

  • Endoscopy (procedure involving a camera to look at the inside of the GI tract); a subtype is colonoscopy
  • Angiography (X-ray with contrast agent to visualize blood vessels)
  • Ultrasound
  • CT scan
  • MRI
  • Complete blood count
  • Hemoglobin levels
  • Electrolyte levels
  • Coagulation (blood clotting) tests

Treatments

There are multiple approaches for treating GI bleed. An interventionalist begins by gaining arterial access in the groin through the femoral artery and will then navigate to the area of business using x-ray guidance and a series of wires and tubes. At this compass point different approaches can be used to stop the bleed. minor particles or electrify coils can be placed in the artery to occlude the artery. Another option is to administer medications that cause the arteries to constrict directly into the bleeding vessel in an attempt to stop the bleeding. occasionally a stent will be placed to wall of the web site of bleeding. See our embolization page and stent graft placement page for more data .

For More Information:

For more information or to schedule an appointment with one of our IR physicians, please call 310-481-7545 .

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *