Bladder spasms happen when your bladder muscles contract or tighten. If these contractions continue, it may cause an cheer to urinate. Because of this, the term “ bladder spasm ” is often used synonymously with hyperactive bladder ( OAB ). OAB is besides known as urge incontinence. It ’ south characterized by an pressing need to empty your bladder and the involuntary escape of urine. It ’ mho important to understand that a bladder spasm is a symptom. OAB is typically the larger consequence, though it can be caused by other things. Bladder spasms can besides be a symptom of infection. urinary tract infections ( UTIs ) are temp infections that can cause burn, urgency, spasm, and pain. With treatment, these infections can clear up and your symptoms can virtually disappear.
Keep read to learn more about what spasms are, how they ’ re managed, and what you can do to prevent them.
What a bladder spasm feels like
The most common symptom of bladder spasm is feeling an pressing need to urinate. The spasm may lead to leakage, or what is called incontinence. If your bladder spasms are caused by a UTI, you may besides experience the follow :
- burning sensation when you void your bladder
- ability to pass only small amounts of urine each time you use the bathroom
- urine that looks cloudy, red, or pink
- urine that smells strong
- pelvic pain
If your bladder spasms are the result of OAB or cheer incontinence, you may besides :
- leak urine before reaching the bathroom
- urinate often, up to eight or more times each day
- wake two or more times during the night to urinate
What causes bladder spasms
Bladder spasms are more common as you senesce. That being said, having spasms international relations and security network ’ metric ton inevitably a typical part of aging. They much indicate other health issues that, left untreated, can worsen over time. In accession to UTIs and OAB, bladder spasms can be caused by :
- drinking too much caffeine or alcohol
- certain medications, such as bethanechol (Urecholine) and furosemide (Lasix)
- impaired kidney function
- bladder stones
- enlarged prostate
- neurological disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and multiple sclerosis
- irritation from urinary catheter
If you have trouble walk, you may develop urgency if you ’ re unable to get to a public toilet promptly enough to relieve yourself. You may besides develop symptoms if you don ’ t amply empty your bladder when you use the toilet. If you have concerns about your urgency to go, it ’ s a good theme to make an appointment with your sophisticate. They can help get to the settle of the emergence, adenine well as develop an appropriate discussion plan for you.
How doctors diagnose what’s causing the spasm
Before running any tests, your doctor will assess your medical history and notes on any medications you ’ ra taking. They ’ ll besides perform a physical examination. Afterward, your doctor may examine a sample distribution of your urine to check for bacteria, blood, or other signs of contagion. If infection is ruled out, there are respective tests that can help diagnose bladder issues. Some tests measure how a lot urine is left in your bladder after voiding. Others measure the speed of your micturition. Some tests can even determine your bladder coerce. If these tests aren ’ thyroxine pointing to a particular lawsuit, your doctor of the church may want to perform a neurological examination. This will allow them to check for different centripetal issues and certain reflexes .
Treatment options for bladder spasms
exercise and changes in your life style may help ease your bladder spasm. Medications are another treatment choice .
Pelvic floor exercises, such as Kegels, are frequently helpful in treating bladder spasms caused by stress and urge incontinence. To do a Kegel, squeeze your pelvic floor muscles as if you ’ re trying to stop the flow of urine from your body. If necessity, your doctor may refer you to a specialist so you can learn the proper proficiency .
Certain life style changes can help with bladder issues, such as changing your fluid intake and diet. To see if your spasms are tied to certain foods, try keeping a food diary. This can help you track any foods that may be causing bladder spasms. Irritating foods and drinks frequently include :
- citrus fruits
- fruit juice
- tomatoes and tomato-based foods
- spicy foods
- sugar and artificial sugars
- carbonated beverages
You may besides experiment with what ’ mho called bladder trail. This involves going to the toilet at timed intervals. Doing thus can train your bladder to fill more in full, decreasing the number of times you need to urinate throughout the day .
Your sophisticate may prescribe one of these medications to help with bladder spasms :
- antispasmodics, such as tolterodine (Detrol)
- tricyclic antidepressants, such as desipramine (Norpramin)
life style changes and other treatments can help you manage and even lessen your bladder spasm. Symptoms tied to an underlying stipulate, such as an infection, should besides respond well to treatment for that condition. If your symptoms persist or worsen, you should consult your repair. It may be necessity to switch up your treatment regimen or try a unlike medicine.
How to prevent bladder spasms
Bladder spasms may not be wholly preventable, but they may be reduced if you follow these tips .