Seedless fruit – Wikipedia

Species of fruit and plant
seedless watermelon A seedless fruit is a fruit developed to possess no fledged seeds. As consumption of seedless fruits is generally easier and more convenient, they are considered commercially valuable. Most commercially produced seedless fruits have been developed from plants whose fruits normally contain numerous relatively big hard seeds distributed throughout the human body of the fruit. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ 4 ]

Varieties [edit ]

coarse varieties of seedless fruits include watermelons, tomatoes, [ 4 ] grapes ( such as Termarina rossa [ 5 ] ), and bananas. additionally, there are numerous seedless citrus fruits, such as oranges, lemons and limes.

The terminus “ seedless fruit ” is biologically reasonably contradictory, since fruits are normally defined botanically as fledged ovaries containing seeds.

seedless fruits can develop in one of two ways : either the fruit develops without fertilization ( parthenocarpy ), or pollination triggers fruit development, but the ovules or embryos abort without producing fledged seeds ( stenospermocarpy ). Seedless banana and watermelon fruits are produced on triploid plants, whose three sets of chromosomes make it very unlikely for meiosis to successfully produce spores and gametophytes. This is because one of the three copies of each chromosome ca n’t pair with another appropriate chromosome before separating into daughter cells, so these extra third copies end up randomly distributed between the two daughter cells from meiosis 1, resulting in the ( normally ) swiftly deadly aneuploidy condition. such plants can arise by spontaneous mutation or by hybridization between diploid and tetraploid individuals of the same or different species. Some species, such as tomato, [ 4 ] pineapple, and cucumber, produce fruit in which there is no semen to be found if not pollinated but will produce seed fruit if pollination occurs. Lacking seeds, and frankincense the capacity to propagate via the fruit, the plants are by and large propagated vegetatively from cuttings, by grafting, or in the case of bananas, from “ pups ” ( offsets ). In such cases, the result plants are genetically identical clones. By contrast, seedless watermelons are grown from seeds. These seeds are produced by crossing diploid and tetraploid lines of watermelon, with the resulting seeds producing sterile triploid plants. Fruit development is triggered by pollination, so these plants must be grown aboard a diploid sift to provide pollen. triploid plants with seedless fruits can besides be produced using endosperm acculturation for the regeneration of triploid plantlets from endosperm tissue via bodily embryogenesis. One disadvantage of most seedless crops is a significant reduction in the come of genic diversity in the species. As genetically identical clones, a plague or disease that affects one individual is probable capable of affecting each of its clones. For exemplar, the huge majority of commercially produced bananas are cloned from a single reservoir, the Cavendish cultivar, and those plants are presently threatened cosmopolitan by a newly discovered fungal disease to which they are highly susceptible. [ 6 ]

References [edit ]

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Category : Health

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