Reading: Adjective Definition & Meaning
: a word belong to one of the major form classes in any of numerous languages and typically serving as a changer of a noun to denote a quality of the thing named, to indicate its measure or extent, or to specify a thing as distinct from something else The word red in “ the loss car ” is an adjective. : a password belong to to one of the major form classes in any of numerous languages and typically serving as a modifier of a noun to denote a choice of the thing named, to indicate its quantity or extent, or to specify a thing as distinct from something else The news red in “ the red car ” is an adjectival .
What is an adjective?
noun Adjectives describe or modify—that is, they limit or restrict the meaning of—nouns and pronouns. They may name qualities of all kinds : huge, crimson, angry, frightful, unique, rare, etc .
An adjective normally comes good before a noun : “ a crimson dress, ” “ fifteen people. ” When an adjective follows a linking verb such as be or seem, it is called a predicate adjective : “ That building is huge, ” “ The workers seem glad. ” Most adjectives can be used as predicate adjectives, although some are always used before a noun. similarly, a few adjectives can merely be used as connote adjectives and are never used before a noun .
Some adjectives describe qualities that can exist in different amounts or degrees. To do this, the adjective will either change in class ( normally by adding -er or -est ) or will be used with words like more, most, identical, slenderly, etc. : “ the older girls, ” “ the longest day of the class, ” “ a identical strong feel, ” “ more expensive than that one. ” early adjectives trace qualities that do not vary— ” nuclear energy, ” “ a medical doctor ” —and do not change imprint .
The four demonstrative pronoun adjectives—this, that, these, and those—are identical to the demonstrative pronouns. They are used to distinguish the person or thing being described from others of the same class or class. This and these describe people or things that are nearby, or in the show. That and those are used to describe people or things that are not here, not nearby, or in the by or future. These adjectives, like the definite and indefinite articles ( a, an, and the ), always come before any early adjectives that modify a noun .
An indefinite adjective describes a whole group or class of people or things, or a person or thing that is not identified or companion. The most coarse indefinite adjectives are : all, another, any, both, each, either, enough, every, few, half, least, less, little, many, more, most, a lot, neither, one ( and two, three, etc. ), other, respective, some, such, wholly .
The interrogative adjectives—primarily which, what, and whose—are used to begin questions. They can besides be used as question pronouns .
Which horse did you bet on ? = Which did you bet on ?
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What songs did they sing ? = What did they sing ?
Whose coat is this ? = Whose is this ?
The possessive adjectives —my, your, his, her, its, our, their—tell you who has, owns, or has experienced something, as in “ I admired her fairness, “ Our guy is 14 years old, ” and “ They said their trip was fantastic. ”
noun frequently function like adjectives. When they do, they are called attributive nouns .
When two or more adjectives are used before a noun, they should be put in proper order. Any article ( a, an, the ), demonstrative adjective ( that, these, etc. ), indefinite adjective ( another, both, etc. ), or genitive adjective ( her, our, etc. ) always comes first. If there is a total, it comes first or second. true adjectives always come before attributive nouns. The ordering of true adjectives will vary, but the following regulate is the most common :
impression word→ size→ age→ shape→ color→ nationality→ material .
Participles are much used like ordinary adjectives. They may come before a noun or after a associate verb. A confront participle ( an -ing give voice ) describes the person or thing that causes something ; for example, a drilling conversation is one that bores you. A past participle ( normally an -ed word ) describes the person or thing who has been affected by something ; for model, a bore person is one who has been affected by boredom .
They had merely watched an excite soccer game .
The instructions were confusing.
She ‘s excited about the trip to North Africa .
respective confused students were asking questions about the test .
The lake was freeze .