Blood in Urine: Causes, Treatment, Diagnosis & More

Overview

Hematuria is the medical term for blood in your urine. several different conditions and diseases can cause hematuria. These include infections, kidney disease, cancer, and rare lineage disorders. The lineage may be visible or in such small quantities that it can ’ thymine be seen with the naked eye. Any blood in the urine can be a signboard of a serious health problem, flush if it happens only once. Ignoring hematuria can lead to the worsening of serious conditions like cancer and kidney disease, so you should talk to your sophisticate american samoa soon as potential.

Your repair can analyze your urine and order imagination tests to determine the campaign of the hematuria and create a plan for treatment.

What are the types of hematuria?

There are two chief types of hematuria : crude hematuria and microscopic hematuria .

Gross hematuria

If there ’ s enough blood in your urine that your urine appears pink or bolshevik or has spots of visible blood, you have “ megascopic hematuria. ”

Microscopic hematuria

When you can ’ triiodothyronine see the blood because the amount is so small, you have “ microscopic hematuria. ” only a lab test that detects blood or looking at a sample distribution of urine under a microscope can confirm microscopic hematuria .

How is the cause of hematuria diagnosed?

If you ’ re seeing your doctor for hematuria, they ’ ll ask you about the amount of blood and when you see it during micturition. They ’ ll want to know how much you urinate, any trouble you ’ ra experience, if you see lineage clots, and what medications you ’ re take. Your doctor will then give you a physical examen and collect a sample of your urine for testing. The analysis of your urine can confirm the presence of blood and detect bacteria if an infection is the induce. Your doctor may regulate imaging tests such as a CT scan, which uses radiation to create an double of your body. Another possible test your doctor may want to do is a cystoscopy. This involves using a small tube to send a camera up your urethra and into your bladder. With the camera, your doctor can examine the inside of your bladder and urethra to determine the campaign of your hematuria .

When should I seek medical attention?

Since some of the causes of blood in the urine are unplayful, you should seek medical attention the first base time you see it. You shouldn ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate ignore even a little sum of blood in your urine. besides see your healthcare provider if you don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate see rake in your urine but experience frequent, difficult, or afflictive micturition, abdominal pain, or kidney trouble. These may all be indications of microscopic hematuria. Seek hand brake aid if you can ’ t make, see blood clots when you urinate, or have blood in your urine along with one or more of the comply :

  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • fever
  • chills
  • pain in your side, back, or abdomen

How is hematuria treated?

The cause of your hematuria will determine what type of treatment you receive. If an infection, such as a UTI, is creditworthy for your hematuria, your healthcare provider will prescribe antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the infection. Hematuria caused by big kidney stones can be atrocious if left untreated. prescription medications and treatments can help you pass stones. Your healthcare provider may suggest using a routine called extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy ( ESWL ) to break up the stones. ESWL involves using sound waves to break the kidney stones into bantam pieces that can pass in your urine. The procedure normally takes around one hour and may be done under lighter anesthesia. Your healthcare provider may besides use a oscilloscope to remove your kidney stones. To do this, they pass a slender tube called a ureteroscope through your urethra and bladder into your ureter. The telescope is equipped with a camera to locate the stones. Your healthcare supplier will use extra tools to snare the stones and remove them. If the stones are large, they will be broken into pieces before removal. If an hypertrophied prostate gland is causing your hematuria, your healthcare supplier may prescribe medication, such as alpha blockers or 5-alpha reductase inhibitors. In some cases, operating room may be an option.

What are the complications associated with hematuria?

Some of the causes of blood in the urine are serious, so you should contact your healthcare supplier if you notice this symptom. If the symptom is due to cancer, ignoring it can lead to an promotion of the tumors to the bespeak that discussion is unmanageable. Untreated infections can ultimately lead to kidney failure. discussion can help reduce symptoms if the cause of hematuria is an enlarged prostate gland. Ignoring it may lead to discomfort from needing to urinate frequently, hard pain, and even cancer.

How can I prevent hematuria?

Preventing hematuria means preventing the underlie causes :

  • To prevent infections, drink plenty of water daily, urinate immediately after sexual intercourse, and practice good hygiene.
  • To prevent stones, drink plenty of water and avoid excess salt and certain foods like spinach and rhubarb.
  • To prevent bladder cancer, refrain from smoking, limit your exposure to chemicals, and drink plenty of water.

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