Chronic prostatitis: Causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

Chronic prostatitis is ignition of the prostate gland that continues for 3 months or longer. It is frequently afflictive and can affect intimate function and the ability to urinate. many health issues, including perennial bacterial infections and damage to the nerves or muscles in the pelvic area, can cause it. In this article, we look at the causes and symptoms of chronic prostatitis. We besides cover diagnosis, treatment, and home and alternative remedies.

What is chronic prostatitis?

Man discussing Chronic prostatitis with male doctor in office. parcel on PinterestChronic prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is a little gland that forms separate of the lower urinary tract in males. It sits under the bladder and surrounds the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine and semen out through the penis. The prostate gland is separate of the male generative system and produces one of the fluids that make up semen. The muscles of this gland besides help push semen into the urethra during ejaculation. due to its localization and serve, problems with the prostate can affect micturition ampere well as sexual serve. prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland that can much be irritating. It can be chronic or acute :

  • Chronic prostatitis develops gradually and can last for months or even years. Doctors consider prostatitis to be chronic if symptoms continue for 3 months or more. It may not respond well to the first treatments a doctor recommends.
  • Acute prostatitis is a temporary condition that occurs suddenly. It may only last a few days or weeks and often responds well to treatment.

prostatitis is the leading cause of urinary tract issues for men under 50 years of old age, and the third gear most common urinary nerve pathway issue for men over 50 years of age.

Causes

An accurate diagnosis is key to effective treatment. however, diagnosing the campaign of chronic prostatitis can sometimes prove challenge. The causes of chronic prostatitis fall into two broad categories :

Chronic bacterial prostatitis

A bacterial infection of the prostate causes chronic bacterial prostatitis. In some people, this infection develops following a urinary tract infection or treatment for acute bacterial prostatitis. The symptoms of chronic bacterial prostatitis are much less severe than those of acute bacterial prostatitis. A person who has previously had an acute infection might notice that their symptoms get better, but do not go off. Some people with chronic bacterial prostatitis may find that the infection persists. This may be because the bacteria are immune to antibiotic discussion or the antibiotic treatment path is excessively short. According to one study, some bacteria that infect the prostate gland can form biofilms in animals. Biofilms are similar to the brass that develops on teeth and can make the infection hard to treat .

Chronic non-bacterial prostatitis, or chronic pelvic pain syndrome

This is a non-bacterial form of prostatitis that can have many causes and is harder to treat. person who has had a previous bacterial infection of the prostate gland may be at risk of developing this type of prostatitis. early people may develop chronic annoyance in the prostate gland after a bacterial infection clears up. potential causes of chronic prostatitis include :

  • psychological stress
  • damage to the urinary tract from surgery or a physical injury

Symptoms

share on PinterestChronic prostatitis may cause difficulty urinating. The chief symptom of chronic prostatitis is pelvic or genital pain. For some people, the trouble feels like a gnaw hurt. For others, it is intense and sharp. The pain may come and go or constantly be present. other symptoms of chronic prostatitis include :

  • needing to urinate frequently, including getting up several times at night to use the bathroom
  • pain during urination
  • difficulty urinating
  • a sense of urgency when needing to urinate
  • pain in the perineum, the space between the scrotum and rectum
  • pain in the lower back, rectum, penis, or testicles
  • pain when ejaculating
  • difficulty ejaculating
  • signs of an infection, such as fever, chills, nausea, or vomiting

Diagnosis

People with symptoms of prostatitis should see a doctor. bacterial prostate infections can spread, so anyone with symptoms of an infection should seek medical attention arsenic soon as possible. To diagnose prostatitis, a sophisticate will normally begin by taking the person ’ s checkup history. They may besides perform a rectal examination. During a rectal examination, a doctor inserts a finger into the person ’ s rectum to check the prostate for swelling and inflammation. They may besides look for signs of contagion, such as discharge from the penis or swell lymph nodes. If a sophisticate suspects the problem is ascribable to a bacterial infection, they may recommend antibiotics. If symptoms do not improve following antibiotic discussion, or there are no signs of an infection, other tests might be necessary, such as :

  • urine, semen, or blood testing to look for signs of infection or other prostate issues
  • a prostate biopsy, where a doctor uses a needle to remove a small sample of tissue from the prostate for analysis
  • an ultrasound of the prostate or urethra
  • a cystoscopy, where a doctor uses a small scope to look inside the bladder or urethra

Treatment

treatment for prostatitis depends on the lawsuit. For bacterial prostatitis, a repair or urologist will normally recommend oral antibiotics. People with chronic prostatitis or perennial infections may need a long-run path of antibiotics, lasting up to 6 months. If symptoms do not improve following oral antibiotics, early treatment options include :

  • intravenous antibiotics for severe infections
  • muscle relaxants to relieve spasm of the pelvic muscles
  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to relieve pain
  • alpha blockers to treat urination difficulties
  • surgery to remove scar tissue in the urethra, which can help urination difficulties
  • therapy to help with psychological stress and anxiety

Home and alternative remedies

share on PinterestRelaxation techniques, such as meditation, may help to relieve the symptoms of chronic prostatitis. Kegel exercises, besides known as pelvic floor exercises, can help improve micturition difficulties in people with chronic prostatitis. The exercises study by strengthening the muscles around the bladder and penis. To do these exercises, sit in a comfortable position then tighten and relax the pelvic muscles 10 to 15 times in a row. A person can locate their pelvic muscles by pretending to stop micturition mid-flow. Repeat these Kegel exercises several times a day. As a person becomes more comfortable with the exercises, they can increase the length of time they hold the muscleman in, a well as the count of repetitions they do. It may take a few months before a person notices the results. other home and option remedies that may provide symptom relief for people with chronic prostatitis admit :

  • acupuncture
  • biofeedback
  • taking daily sitz or hip baths in warm or hot water
  • relaxation exercises
  • using a hot water bottle or heat pad to apply heat to the perineum or rectum

Outlook

chronic prostatitis can be atrocious and can cause difficulties with micturition. Anyone with symptoms of prostatitis should see a doctor of the church. Treatment depends on the campaign and symptoms, but a doctor of the church will much prescribe a path of antibiotics. Some people may besides find symptom relief from trying Kegel exercises and certain home plate and alternative remedies .

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