Bladder spasms: Causes, symptoms, and treatment

urinary bladder spasms occur when the bladder contracts involuntarily, which can cause a person to urinate. These spasms can be painful, and they may be embarrassing if they lead to an extreme point urge to urinate or escape of urine. A variety show of conditions can cause bladder spasms, but fortunately there are many treatments available. In this article, learn what causes bladder spasms, how to prevent them, and how they relate to common bladder problems.


share on PinterestBladder spasms may cause urine leakage or the need to urinate frequently. other symptoms of bladder spasms normally depend upon the underlying campaign. For example, extra OAB symptoms include :

  • leaking urine
  • frequent urges to urinate
  • regularly waking up one or more times to use the bathroom during the night

People with autonomic disorders, such as Parkinson ’ randomness disease, multiple sclerosis, or Alzheimer ’ randomness disease, may be more probably to have bladder spasms. autonomic disorders affect the autonomic anxious system, which is responsible for bladder contractions. As a leave, a person may experience uncontrolled bladder spasms. Some symptoms of bladder spasms may mimic those of a UTI, even when an infection is not the underlie lawsuit.


Doctors can prescribe a assortment of medications to reduce the incidence of bladder spasms. A doctor of the church may first prescribe one of a group of medications called antimuscarinics. Examples include :

  • darifenacin (Enablex)
  • oxybutynin chloride (Ditropan)
  • extended-release oxybutynin (Ditropan XL)
  • solifenacin succinate (VESIcare)
  • tolterodine (Detrol)
  • tolterodine extended-related (Detrol LA)
  • trospium chloride (Sanctura)

however, these medications can have undesired side effects, including schoolchild dilation, which can lead to light sensitivity, and dry talk. If a person experiences ill effects, the doctor will prescribe a different medication. tricyclic antidepressants can besides be used to treat bladder spasms. These include amitriptyline ( Elavil ), doxepin ( Sinequan ), and imipramine ( Tofranil ) .

Additional therapies

Doctors may recommend treatments that complement medicine. For exemplar, if a person is retaining a significant amount of urine after they try to urinate normally, they may require self-catheterization. This involves inserting a thin, compromising catheter into the bladder, providing an exit path for urine. Another choice is for a doctor to inject botulinus toxin ( Botox ) into the bladder wall. This can reduce the incidence of bladder spasms. A doctor may besides recommend electrical heart stimulation. This involves implanting or temporarily inserting a stimulator that sends electrical pulses to the nerves that affect the bladder.


share on PinterestGetting regular exercise and meditating may help prevent bladder spasms. For many people, tension can trigger or worsen bladder spasm. Taking steps to reduce tension whenever potential may lead to fewer spasms. popular ways to reduce stress include :

  • getting enough rest
  • exercising regularly
  • meditating
  • reading a book
  • engaging in a hobby

A person may besides use techniques to distract themselves from the urge to urinate. This is known as urgency suppression. Practicing pelvic floor exercises, such as Kegels, may besides help reduce urine escape. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases in the U.S., no changes in nutriment have been shown to reduce the incidence of urinary incontinence. however, anecdotal evidence suggests that avoiding foods such as alcohol, tomatoes, caffeine, chocolate, and citrus drinks may help to reduce bladder symptoms.

When to see a doctor

Bladder spasms normally only require hand brake wish when a person besides has a eminent fever, austere pelvic pain, or a significant sum of rake in their urine. Anyone who has frequent bladder spasm, is not making it to the toilet in time, or finds themselves leaking urine, should see a doctor. The doctor will evaluate symptoms and consider likely underlie causes before determining the best discussion plan.


Bladder spasms may be uncomfortable, afflictive, and sometimes embarrassing, but they can be treated.

People who regularly experience bladder spasms that lead to urinary incontinence should speak with a doctor. From medications to surgical interventions, many approaches can reduce the incidence of spasms and help a person to feel comfortable again .

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