This article covers the most common causes of vaginal cuts, how they are treated, and when you should see your healthcare provider .
vaginal Cut Symptoms
Cuts or splits to the external genitalia are sometimes visible to the bare eye. But smaller injuries, specially those to the internal vaginal tissue, may not be obvious. Symptoms of vaginal cuts may include :
- Mild pain
- Stinging when urinating (peeing) or after contact with water or semen
- Discomfort when inserting a tampon or during sexual intercourse
- Slight bleeding or spotting
- Itching, burning, or a tearing sensation
If you think you have a vaginal cut, do a self-exam and keep an eye on the area to see if the injury gets worse or may be infected .
When to Call Your Healthcare Provider
Most vaginal cuts should heal on their own in a few days. however, some may need aesculapian care. For exercise, a tear in the V-shaped fold of skin at the bottom of the entrance to the vagina ( posterior fourchette fissure ) can develop into a deeper bust. It requires motivate checkup attention .
If you have a vaginal injury, consult your healthcare provider if you experience :
- Symptoms that get worse
- Symptoms that aren’t getting better after a few days
- Any symptoms you’re worried about
- Any discolored drainage or foul-smelling discharge
- Excessive bleeding that does not stop
- Recurring vaginal cuts
- Numbness or tingling
- Fever or chills
- Dizziness, weakness, or fainting
talk to your healthcare supplier right away if you have large, deep, or numerous vaginal cuts, or if you think you have an infection. Signs of an infection may include fetid discharge, fever, and trouble that does n’t improve with medication .
Anyone who has been sexually assaulted, raped, or sexually pervert should seek emergency aesculapian care immediately. any prison term an unexplained vaginal tear or cut is found in a child or baby, adult caregivers should consult with a healthcare provider right away.
Vaginal cuts can occur from a wide stove of underlie causes, but the most common campaign of vaginal cuts is having sex, normally without proper lubrication .
Shaving and waxing pubic hair are other coarse causes of vaginal cuts. In fact, a 2017 analyze found that 25.6 % of all people who groomed their pubic haircloth reported injuries .
The most common injury was vaginal cuts in women. A belittled share of people in the study needed antibiotics or operating room to treat them .
Some other causes of vaginal tears include :
- Sexual intercourse or foreplay (particularly involving rough sex)
- Putting a foreign object into the vagina
- Improper insertion and removal of tampons
- Vaginal dryness (making the skin more prone to vaginal tears)
- Thinning of the vaginal tissue due to aging
- Taking steroids (which makes the skin tissue more prone to tearing)
- Yeast infections
- Other causes
If you have any of the play along skin conditions, you may be more likely to experience vaginal cuts :
- Eczema, a skin condition involving red patches that become inflamed, crack, and itch. Depending on what part of the genitals it affects, symptoms can also include leaking fluid, crust formation, and a burning sensation.
- Lichen planus, an inflammatory disorder that can cause soreness, burning, or rawness (when it affects vulva skin), as well as sticky yellow discharge and tissue erosions (when it affects the vagina)
- Psoriasis, a skin condition involving itchy, scaly, dry patches. On the vulva, where the skin is too moist to be dry and scaly, psoriasis usually appears as pink patches with defined edges.
- Lichen sclerosus, a chronic (long-term) inflammatory skin condition that commonly affects the external genital skin and the skin around the anus. The inflamed skin is more vulnerable to tears or fissures (breaks in the skin).
- Vulvovaginal atrophy (atrophic vaginitis), a condition that causes the vaginal tissue to become drier, thinner, and less elastic. This makes it more prone to vaginal tears.
- Vaginal scarring or tissue damage may occur from surgery or radiation therapy in the pelvic area.
- Vulvovaginitis, an infection resulting from Candida albicans, commonly referred to as thrush
- Genital herpes (herpes simplex infection), which can cause clusters of blisters that may leak fluid, then tear open. Herpes can appear as a small straight cut in the vaginal area.
Vaginal cuts are common and often result from everyday activities such as sexual activity and hair removal. Most are minor and heal on their own. Contact a healthcare supplier if cuts are numerous, do not heal, or you experience other symptoms such as annoyance, fever, or strange exhaust.
To diagnose a vaginal cut, your healthcare provider will need to perform a forcible interrogation and take your checkup history. This helps them understand your symptoms, ampere well as any other aesculapian conditions or early factors that could be the reason for the injury. The healthcare provider will besides ask if the symptoms are newfangled or recurring to find out if you have a history of vaginal cuts .
When vaginal cuts are small, the healthcare provider may need to use a surgical legal document with a brilliantly light ( a colposcope ) to magnify the hurt sphere during the examination .
normally, tests are n’t needed to diagnose and treat vaginal cuts when the history is known ( for example, happened after shaving ) and the cuts appear minor and infection-free .
sometimes, though, tests are helpful to check for any conditions that contributed to the injury. These tests could include :
- Culture: Vaginal discharge is sampled by swab and sent to the lab. This is done to identify any vaginal infections, such as bacterial vaginosis or Candida albicans (yeast infection), so the proper medication can then be prescribed. Other swabs could test for infections that are sexually transmitted (such as herpes).
- Biopsy: A sample of tissue is taken and sent to the lab in order to diagnose underlying causes of recurring vaginal tears (such as lichen sclerosus).
Vaginal cuts normally heal up quickly with no scar and alone flimsy bleed .
If run or annoyance does not clear up within a few days after the wound occurs, call your healthcare provider .
Treating vaginal cuts will involve self-care but may besides require aesculapian treatment .
Most minor vaginal cuts are treatable at home. Self-care for simple cuts focuses on keeping the wound fairly and dry, avoiding products that could irritate the area, and avoiding bodily process that could make your injury worse .
Self-care tips include :
- Avoid sex and any type of foreplay while the cut heals.
- Wear only comfortable cotton underwear (or none if possible).
- Keep the area clean and dry.
- Be sure the vaginal area is completely dry before getting dressed.
- Avoid touching the affected area.
- Bathe or shower daily.
- Do not use tampons; use pads or period underwear until the area has healed.
- Observe the area to make sure it is not getting worse (such as an increase in redness, drainage, or other symptoms).
- Avoid any type of fragrant soap, spermicide, or lubricant that may be irritating.
- Soak in a bath with a few inches of warm water for 10 to 15 minutes a few times per day.
- Use gentle cleansers without harsh chemicals, such as Cetaphil Ultra Gentle Body Wash.
- To reduce stinging when you pee, pour warm water over the vaginal opening while urinating and increase the amount of water you drink to make your urine less acidic.
In many instances, and with proper self care, vaginal cuts can be left to heal on their own, provided there are no signs or symptoms of infection .
If your vaginal cuts are caused by underlying conditions, or if they are not healing well or get infected, they may need to be treated by a aesculapian professional .
In some cases, your supplier may recommend treatments such as :
- Antibiotic creams or gels to treat infection
- Anti-fungal cream if a yeast infection is present
- Antiviral medications for those with a herpes outbreak
- Vaginal estrogen cream for atrophic vaginitis
- Steroid cream for dermatitis, psoriasis or other conditions that cause local inflammation
- Pain medication for severe pain
If a vaginal cut results in a dangerous infection, it could lead to an abscess that might need to be drained .
large or hard cuts may need stitches. deep tears and cuts that reoccur or leave scars may need to be repaired surgically .
prevention measures for recurrence of vaginal cuts depend on several factors :
- The cause: Prevention involves avoiding the underlying cause (such as shaving or trimming pubic hair) or using caution when a person plans to continue the action that caused the vaginal cuts (such as sexual activity or using tampons).
- The severity of the condition: Mild tears may be avoided by taking simple measures like being careful when grooming pubic hair and using lubricant during sex. More severe tears may require require ongoing medical treatment (e.g., estrogen therapy) or care modifications (e.g., C-section after a vaginal birth) to keep from coming back.
- Underlying conditions: It’s important to diagnose and treat any underlying conditions that are contributing to vaginal cuts.
Prevention tips for bare vaginal cuts caused by sexual action include :
- Use plenty of lubrication during sexual activity. Choose water-based lubricants, as those that are oil-based can damage condoms, resulting in ineffective birth control and protection from sexually transmitted diseases. Oil-based lubricants are also more likely to be irritating to the skin.
- Avoid the use of sex toys.
- Try different sexual positions, such as the person with vagina on top.
- Take time to allow for lubrication from sexual arousal before intercourse.
- Take a bath before sexual intercourse to allow for the vaginal muscles to relax.
sexual activity should not normally be afflictive and it should not result in injuries or bleed. Be sure to learn how to communicate with your partner if sex is causing any type of discomfort, even if it ’ second awkward to talk about .
The best way to prevent vaginal cuts from shaving or waxing is to avoid grooming your pubic hair. however, if you decide to shave or wax, here are some tips to avoid vaginal cuts :
- Avoid using dull or dirty razors.
- Wet the skin and use shaving gel or cream before shaving.
- When shaving, rinse the razor after each stroke.
- Take special caution, and shave very gently when shaving around any bumps, such as acne.
- Shave the hair in the direction of hair growth, downward
- Avoid shaving while lying down—a standing position is best for shaving or trimming.
- Don’t allow others to do the shaving—cuts are more likely when another person does the shaving.
- Avoid waxing or shaving when your skin is irritated or injured.
- Make sure the skin is clean and dry before waxing.
- Apply the wax in the same direction that the hair grows and remove it in the opposite direction that the hair grows.
- Hold the skin tight when applying and removing wax.
Be gentle when pulling out tampons and make certain that they have been left in long enough to absorb moisture ( normally a couple of hours ) and are not dry when removing them. Never yank a tampon out abruptly ; quite, remove it lento .
A common cause of damage to the vaginal weave is removing a tampon that has not been adequately moistened, then immediately putting another one in. After you remove a dry tampon, consider using a diggings or period underwear rather .
Pubic haircloth grooming ( by shaving or waxing ), can cause damage to the medium genital tissue, as can some sexual activities or tampon habit. To avoid vaginal cuts from these activities, be certain that you have batch of lubrication ( for both sex and for tampon use ) and if you groom your populace area, do so cautiously.
Skin in the genital region is finespun, sensible, and can be prone to injuries. In some cases, underlying medical conditions may make your peel even more fragile. If you have a vaginal cut or wound to your vaginal tissue, understanding what caused it is authoritative so that you can prevent it from happening again .
A Word From Verywell
Vaginal cuts are never pleasant. While some can be serious, rest assured that most are not .
Keep the sphere clean and have some patience—it ‘s very likely that a minor cut will be a thing of the past in a few days. Do n’t hesitate to contact your healthcare provider if you experience odd drop, dogged pain, or early symptoms of a meaning tear or contagion .