urine

urine

 [ u´rin] kidneys bladder, and discharged by way of the urethra Contents of the Urine. Several different types of waste products are eliminated in urine (for example, urea, uric acid, ammonia, and creatinine); none are useful in the blood. The largest component of urine by weight (apart from water) is urea

The color of urine is due to the presence of the yellow pigment urochrome. several different types of waste products are eliminated in urine ( for exercise, urea, uric acidic, ammonia water, and creatinine ) ; none are utilitarian in the blood. The largest component of urine by weight ( apart from water ) is, which is derived from the dislocation of dietary proteins and amino acids in the diet and those of the body itself. Its amount varies greatly from person to person, however, depending on the sum of protein in the diet. Besides waste materials, urine besides contains surpluses of products necessary for bodily functioning, such as urine, sodium chloride, and other substances. frankincense in a typical specimen of urine there will be sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, chloride, phosphate, and sulfate.The coloring material of urine is due to the bearing of the yellow pigment. individual ingredients of urine are not normally visible, but when the urine is alkaline some of the ingredients may form sediments of phosphates and urates. The urine may besides become cloudy from the presence of mucus. Persistent cloudiness may indicate the bearing of plutonium or blood. common causes of variations in the color of urine are summarized in the accompanying mesa.

Reading: urine

the fluid containing body of water and waste products that is secreted by the, stored in the, and discharged by way of thefractional urine examination of a urine specimen with separate examination for different solutes, generally meaning that the specimen is tested for the presence of glucose and acetone interrogation of a urine specimen with separate examination for different solutes, generally meaning that the specimen is tested for the bearing ofandmidstream urine clean-catch specimen. residual urine urine remaining in the bladder after micturition ; seen in bladder exit obstruction and disorders of deficient detrusor contractility.

Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved .

u·rine

( yūr’in), ), The fluid and dissolved substances excreted by the kidney. [ L. urina; G. ouron ]

Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

urine

( yo͝or′ĭn )n. The godforsaken product secreted by the kidneys that in mammals is a yellow to amber-colored, slenderly acidic fluent discharged from the body through the urethra.

The american Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved .

u·rine

( yūr’in) The fluent and dissolved substances excreted by the kidney. [ L. urina; G. ouron ]

Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

urine

(ur’in) [Fr. urine, fr L. urina, urine] Enlarge picture urine : red rake cells and one white blood cell ( ×400 )Enlarge picture urine : commercial testing kits contain a reagent for a specific substance. A chemical reaction with the urine causes a color change that you interpret using a color graph

Composition

The fluid and dissolved solutes ( including salts and nitrogen-containing waste products ) that are eliminated from the body by the kidneys. See : tables Urine consists of approx. 95 % urine and 5 % solids. Solids sum to 30 to 70 g/L and include the following ( values are in grams per 24 hour unless otherwise noted ) : Organic substances: urea ( 10 to 30 ), uric acid ( 0.8 to 1.0 ), creatine ( 10 to 40 mg/24 hr in men and 10 to 270 mg/24 hour in women ), creatinine ( 15 to 25 mg/kg of body weight per day ), ammonia ( 0.5 to 1.3 ). Inorganic substances: chlorides ( 110 to 250 nmol/L depending on chloride consumption ), calcium ( 0.1 to 0.2 ), magnesium ( 3 to 5 nmol/24 hour ), phosphorus ( 0.4 to 1.3 ). Osmolarity: 0.1 to 2.5 mOsm/L. In summation to the predate, many other substances may be present depending on the diet and state of health of the individual. Among component substances indicating pathological states are abnormal amounts of albumin, glucose, ketone bodies, blood, plutonium, casts, and bacteria. See : illustration

block urine

Fractional urine.

double-voided urine

( ur’in ) [ Fr., francium L., urine ]

A urine sample voided within 30 min after the affected role has emptied the bladder .

fractional urine

A solicitation of urine taken during a few stipulate hours or from a specified measure preferably than from the entire measure voided during a day. Synonym: block urine

residual urine

synonym : urine left in the bladder after micturition, an abnormal happening that may accompany enlargement of the prostate gland or the habit of drugs, for example, antihistamines or anticholinergics, that prevent arrant invalidate of urine. Synonym:

QUANTITY
Normal Abnormal Significance
1000–3000 ml/day Varies with fluid intake, food consumed, exercise, temperature, kidney function
High (polyuria > 3000 ml/day) Diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, water intoxication, chronic nephritis, diuretic use
Low (oliguria) Dehydration, hemorrhage, diarrhea, vomiting, urinary obstruction, or many intrinsic kidney diseases
None (anuria) Same as oliguria
COLOR
Normal Abnormal Significance
Yellow to amber Depends on concentration of urochrome pigment
Pale Dilute urine, diuretic effect
Milky Fat globules, pus, crystals
Red Drugs, blood or muscle pigments
Green Bile pigment (jaundiced patient)
Brown-black Toxins, hemorrhage, drugs, metabolites
HEMATURIA (blood in urine)
Normal Abnormal Significance
0–2 RBC/high-powered field (hpf) Normal (physiological) filtration
3 or more RBCs/hpf Extrarenal: urinary tract infections, cancers, or stones. Renal: infections, trauma, malignancies, glomerulopathies, polycystic kidneys
PYURIA (leukocytes in urine)
Normal Abnormal Significance
0–9 leukocytes per hpf
10 or more leukocytes/hpf Urinary tract infection, urethritis, vaginitis, urethral syndrome, pyelonephritis, and others
PROTEINURIA
Normal Abnormal Significance
10–150 mg/day
30–300 mg/day of albumin Indicative of initial glomerular leakage in diabetes mellitus or hypertension (microalbuminuria)
> 300 mg/day Macroalbuminuria. Indicative of progressive kidney failure. Injury to glomeruli or tubulointerstitium of kidney.
> 3500 mg/day Nephrotic range proteinuria. Evaluation may include kidney biopsy.
SPECIFIC GRAVITY
Normal Abnormal Significance
1.010–1.025 Varies with hydration
1.010 (Low) Excessive fluid intake, impaired kidney concentrating ability
> 1.025 (High) Dehydration, hemorrhage, salt-wasting, diabetes mellitus, and others
ACIDITY
Normal Abnormal Significance
Acid (slight) Diet of acid-forming foods (meats, eggs, prunes, wheat) overbalances the base-forming foods (vegetables and fruits)
High acidity Acidosis, diabetes mellitus, many pathological disorders (fevers, starvation)
Alkaline Vegetarian diet changes urea into ammonium carbonate; infection or ingestion of alkaline compounds
Anuria Complete (or nearly complete) absence of urination
Diversion Drainage of urine through a surgically constructed passage (e.g., a ureterostomy or ileal conduit)
Dysuria Painful or difficult urination (e.g., in urethritis, urethral stricture, urinary tract infection, prostatic hyperplasia, or bladder atony)
Enuresis Involuntary discharge of urine, esp. by children at night (bedwetting)
Incontinence Loss of control over urination from any cause (e.g., from involuntary relaxation of urinary sphincter muscles or overflow from a full or paralyzed bladder)
Nocturia Excessive urination at night
Oliguria Decreased urinary output (usually less than 500 ml/day), often associated with dehydration, shock, hemorrhage, acute renal failure, or other conditions in which renal perfusion or renal output are impaired
Polyuria Increased urinary output (usually more than 3000 ml/day), such as occurs in diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus, and diuresis

synonym : postvoid remainder

Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

urine

The fluid excretion of the kidneys, a solution in water of organic and inorganic substances, most of which are waste products of The fluid body waste of the kidneys, a solution in water system of constituent and inorganic substances, most of which are lay waste to products of METABOLISM. Normal urine is clear, of varying color, of specific graveness between 1.017 and 1.020 and slightly acid. It contains UREA URIC ACID, creatinine, ammonia, sodium, chloride, calcium, potassium, phosphates and sulphates.

Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

urine

an aqueous solution of organic and inorganic substances, that is the waste product of an aqueous solution of organic and inorganic substances, that is the waste product of METABOLISM. In mammals, elasmobranch fishes, amphibia, tortoises and turtles, nitrogen is excreted in the form of UREA which in humans forms 2 % of the urine on average.

Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd erectile dysfunction. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Urine

The fluid excreted by the kidneys, stored in the bladder, then discharged from the body through the pipe that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the consistency ( urethra ). Mentioned in : bed-wetting

Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved .

u·rine

( yūr’in) The fluid and dissolved substances excreted by the kidney. [ L. urina; G. ouron ]

Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about urine

Q. protien in urine what are the causes and preventions A. Q. How you stop urinating frequently? I do n’t have any conditions that make me make often. I merely drink lots of water … Is there some magic trick I can employ so that I can even drink lots of water system but not have to go to the bathroom indeed frequently ? A. I alone drink water system and fleeceable tea, Thanks. Q. Today doctor removed my stunt of kidney. It inflamate while urination.. till How long i will feel like this?

A. You should consult your sophisticate, since instruments in the kidney and urinary tracts can cause infections ( tied after removing them ), that may cause symptoms like you describe.

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