Ulcer Diet: What to Eat For Better Management

An ulcer diet is intended to help reduce the pain and irritation that comes from a peptic ulcer, a irritating afflictive on the liner of your stomach, esophagus, or small intestine .

Foods or beverages do n’t cause ulcers, nor can they cure them. however, some foods help repair damage tissue, while others irritate your ulcer and threaten your digestive nerve pathway ‘s natural layer of protection .

This article looks at the best foods to choose, the ones to avoid, and some tips on how to make the ulcer diet oeuvre best for you .


Your healthcare supplier is far more likely to treat your ulcer with medications rather of diet entirely. Adding an ulcer diet to your treatment can help you feel better firm and possibly prevent another ulcer in the future .

The ulcer diet, combined with your healthcare supplier ‘s treatment advice, can bring respite because it can :

  • Correct nutritional deficiencies that contribute to your symptoms
  • Provide the protein and other nutrients your body needs to heal
  • Help you avoid foods that irritate the ulcer
  • Help with related conditions like Crohn’s disease, celiac disease, or bacterial infections

many peptic ulcers are caused by long-run use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ( NSAIDs ), which can damage your digestive nerve pathway line. Others are caused by a bacterial infection known as Helicobacter pylorus ( H. pylorus ). An ulcer diet adds foods with antibacterial effects and compounds that boost healing in both cases .

A 2021 review of medicative plants published in the Journal of Drug Delivery & Therapeutics looked at a scope of natural remedies including polyphenols. Polyphenols are a type of antioxidant found in many implant foods that can be used to manage peptic ulcers .

Some polyphenols help to heal stomach lining ulcers faster, while others have antibacterial effects and help kill H. pylorus. Polyphenols in green tea may calm ignition and help to strengthen the tissue that lines the stomach .

What to Eat When You Have an Ulcer
Verywell / JRBee
Hot, blue foods are normally avoided on an ulcer diet, but a review of studies on food and H. pylori found that some spices added for flavor besides help kill the bacteria .

Fermented dairy foods, like kefir or yogurt, besides show antibacterial effects. There ‘s even evidence that some types of beloved, including a rare oregano honey grown in Greece, kills H. pylorus and early bacteria .


While dietary changes alone may not cure an ulcer, an ulcer diet may help with healing. certain nutrients in foods, such as polyphenols and spices, can help repair the damaged weave and fight bacteria that cause ulcers. Avoiding irritating foods can reduce symptoms and besides speed up heal.

How It Works

An ulcer diet promotes healing and reduces excitation to the digest trace and the duodenum, the first separate of the little intestine that attaches to the digest. It besides limits excess acidic production, which can aggravate an ulcer .

There are no rigorous rules about which foods to eat, but try to add as many foods as you can from the best choices list. decidedly invalidate foods that make you feel worse or that trigger acidic production and reflux .

Eating enough protein is besides important. While your ulcer is healing, purpose for about 1.2 grams of protein per kilogram of your consistency weight. That means about 3 ounces per day for a 140-pound womanhood, and 4 ounces per day for a 200-pound serviceman .

The lie of your calories should come from a balance diet that includes whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. More character may lower the hazard of ulcers, but one Korean study found that high-fiber diets lowered the risk of peptic ulcer disease in women but not men. It ‘s a good mind to ask your healthcare supplier about fiber intake .


The ulcer diet is based on foods that give you the right amounts of samara nutrients, while avoiding foods likely to irritate your abdomen. It besides taps into the baron of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory elements that are naturally found in certain foods .


You should stay on an ulcer diet until your healthcare provider tells you your ulcer is wholly healed, and then go back to your normal way of eating. But if you feel better while on the diet or you have risk factors for ulcers, like fume, this way of eating may be deserving continuing—even if in a modified way .

What to Eat

Choose These Foods

  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Legumes
  • lean meats like skinless poultry and lean gripe
  • fish and seafood
  • Eggs
  • whole soy foods like bean curd or tempeh
  • Fermented dairy foods like kefir or yogurt
  • healthy fats like olive oil, avocado, and nuts
  • whole and cracked grains
  • green tea
  • Herbs and spices ( mild ; clean or dried )

Avoid These Foods

  • alcohol
  • Coffee ( regular, decaffeinated coffee )
  • Caffeinated foods and drinks
  • milk or cream
  • Fatty meats
  • Fried or high-fat foods
  • heavily spiced foods
  • salty foods
  • Citrus fruits and juices
  • Tomatoes/tomato products
  • chocolate

Best Choices

Fruits : Any bracing or freeze fruits contain helpful fiber and antioxidants. Berries, apples, grapes, and pomegranates are among the best choices for healing polyphenols. If citrus fruits or juices like orange or grapefruit trip reflux, avoid them .

Vegetables : Leafy greens, bright loss and orange vegetables, and cruciferous vegetables ( like broccoli, cauliflower, and kale ) are packed with vitamins and antioxidants that are specially good for your overall health and healing. Avoid hot peppers and tomatoes, or products made with them, if they give you reflux. Limit raw vegetables because they are harder to digest .

Lean proteins : skinless poultry, list gripe like sirloin or combat zone, pisces, eggs, bean curd, tempeh, dry beans, and peas are excellent sources of low-fat protein. fatty fish like salmon, mackerel, and sardines provide omega-3 fatty acid fats, which can reduce inflammation and may be helpful in preventing another ulcer .

Fermented dairy : Products like kefir and greek yogurt provide probiotics ( helpful bacteria ) along with protein, so they ‘re good choices .

Breads and grains : whole ingrain breads, and solid or crack up grains like oats, quinoa, farro, millet, or sorghum, are full sources of fiber to include in your diet .

Herbs and spices : You can freely use most balmy herb and spices, because they ‘re sources of antioxidants. Best bets include turmeric, cinnamon, pep, and garlic, which have disinfectant and anti-inflammatory properties. For a bait, try to use honey rather of carbohydrate.

Foods to Limit

Alcohol : All alcohol is a stomach irritant and will delay healing. Avoid wine, beer, and spirits .

Caffeine : You should cut back or stop drink chocolate, tea, and caffeinated sodas. They can increase digest acid output .

Milk : There was a prison term when milk was used in treating ulcers, but research has found that it increases stomach acid. It ‘s best to avoid it .

Certain meats : Skip any highly seasoned meats, lunch meats, sausages, and fried or fatty meats and proteins .

High-fat foods : Try to avoid bombastic amounts of add fats, which can increase stomach acid and gun trigger ebb. You may need to avoid boom, cream soups, and salad dressings, but healthy fats on the list are OK .

Spicy foods : You may want to skip anything that is “ hot, ” such as chili peppers, horseradish, black pepper, and sauces and condiments that contain them .

Salty foods : Researchers have found that salty foods may promote the growth of H. pylorus. Pickles, olives, and other brined or fermented vegetables are high in salt and linked to a higher risk of H. pylori ulcers .

Chocolate : chocolate can increase stomach acidic output, and some people find that it triggers ebb symptoms .


many grains, fruits, and vegetables add antioxidants and fiber that help to reduce ulcer symptoms. Fermented dairy, like yogurt, offers both protein and probiotics. Try to avoid any alcoholic beverages, and most foods that are salty, hot, or high in fatty .

Recommended time

Try to eat five or six little meals each day, rather than three large ones. Stomach acid is produced every time you eat, but boastfully meals require much more of it for digestion, which can be irritating .

finish feed at least three hours before bedtime, and try to stay erect for a few hours after your last bite for better digestion and less acid ebb .

Take Your Time

Be gentle on your system while your ulcer is healing by chewing your food well and eating lento .

Cooking Tips

Stick to lower-fat cooking methods like roasting, braising, and grilling rather of frying. besides, limit your manipulation of butter and oils when you cook, as these can be harder to digest .


In some cases, ulcers occur when you have coeliac disease or incendiary intestine diseases. Make sure to stay on any special diet you use to manage those conditions while you ‘re following the ulcer diet .

For coeliac disease, that means avoiding grains with gluten, such as wheat, rye, and barley, and taking care to read food labels for sources of hidden gluten .

For incendiary intestine diseases, this may mean avoiding the milk sugars in lactose-based foods, staying away from carbonated beverages, and choosing lower-fiber foods .


other factors may come into turn when using the ulcer diet, and they could affect your overall health .

General Nutrition

An ulcer diet should not harm your complete nutritional status. adenine long as you maintain good variety in your diet, you can still get the nutrients you need from other foods when you stop eating the ones that irritate your ulcer .

If you ‘re trying to add more polyphenol-rich foods and fiber to your diet, and you cut back on fatso foods, an ulcer diet may be even more alimentary than your regular diet .


It should be fairly easy to stick with an ulcer diet when you ‘re preparing your own meals at home. It may be harder to stay on track when you ‘re traveling, attending parties, or celebrating holidays. If you ca n’t pass up that glass of wine or piece of chocolate patty, make it a small one .

Energy and Health

With fast food, chips, and alcohol off-limits, you might find that you ‘re eating healthier, feeling better, and possibly even dropping some weight .

Call your healthcare supplier if you have stomach annoyance, nausea, or vomiting that lasts longer than a few days. Ulcers can be unplayful if they cause inner run. An ulcer diet may help, but your healthcare provider should determine your overall treatment plan.


Foods by themselves do n’t cause digest ulcers, and there is more than one possible reason for why you may have them. The foods you choose, though, can make a big difference in how you feel and how cursorily they heal. The ulcer diet offers options to improve your overall health and nutrition while reducing your ulcer risk .

A Word From Verywell

Living with an ulcer can be arsenic distressing as it is uncomfortable, and it ‘s heavily at first to avoid favorite foods that make the problem regretful. But the foods in the ulcer diet are cautiously chosen to help your body mend and lower your risk of fresh ulcers. Let your healthcare provider know if you ‘re using the diet so that it ‘s a contribution of the overall treatment plan .

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What causes a stomach ulcer?

    A digest ulcer is much caused by infection with a bacteria known as Helicobacter pylorus ( H. pylorus ). About 50 % of the earth population is believed to carry the bacteria, but over 80 % do not experience any symptoms. A stomach ulcer can besides be caused by the long-run habit of nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs ( NSAIDs ), such as aspirin or ibuprofen .

  • What foods can I eat for an ulcer diet?

    Some foods that are recommended for an ulcer diet include fruit, vegetables, legumes ( beans, peas, lentils ), skinless domestic fowl, tilt gripe, fish and seafood, eggs, bean curd, fermented dairy like kefir or yogurt, healthy fats such as olive vegetable oil, avocado, nuts, whole and crack grains, green tea, and mild herbs and spices that are fresh or dried .

  • How is an ulcer treated?

    An ulcer is treated by taking medicines to reduce digest acidic. Further treatment depends on the induce of the ulcer, but in cases of infection caused by H. pylori bacteria, a healthcare provider may prescribe antibiotics to fight the bacteria. An ulcer diet is not an effective remedy, but it can lessen the pain or irritation caused by an ulcer .

  • How do I know if my ulcer is healed?

    A healthcare provider can perform an endoscopy to see if an ulcer is healed. Depending on the cause of the ulcer, a tissue sample may be collected and tested to check for H. pylorus or cancer .

  • Do spicy foods cause ulcers?

    No, piquant foods do not cause ulcers. however, they may aggravate symptoms .

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