What All Women Should Know About Their Thyroid – Capital Women’s Care

Thyroid issues are more common in women than in men. One in eight women will suffer from thyroid problems at some charge during her life, so it is specially authoritative for women to be educated about what the thyroid does, issues that may arise, and treatment options. January is Thyroid Awareness Month, so we have put together a brief primer on the most common thyroid problems for women .

What Does the Thyroid Do?

The thyroid is a small gland found at the base of the neck. It is responsible for producing respective hormones, including Thyroxine ( T4 ), Triiodothyronine ( T3 ), and Calcitonin. Thyroid hormones affect many functions of the torso, including metamorphosis, puberty and menstruation, reproduction, pregnancy, postnatal recovery, and menopause. Women are more probable to experience thyroid gland problems immediately after pregnancy or menopause, but they can affect any woman at any time. Women who have experienced a thyroid problem in the past, have had surgery or therapy that affected their thyroid gland, or have a condition like a goiter, anemia, or type 1 diabetes are all more likely to experience far thyroid problems .

Most Common Thyroid Problems for Women

  • Hypothyroidism

hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid does not produce enough thyroid gland hormones. Hypothyroidism is typically caused by Hashimoto ’ randomness disease ( an autoimmune disease ), but it can besides be caused by thyroid removal, radiation sickness to the thyroid, or treatment for hyperthyroidism. The signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism vary, but include muscle weakness, weight amplification, heavier menstruation than common, slow center rate, thinning hair, dry and pale skin, and joint and muscle pain. hypothyroidism can make it more difficult to become pregnant, since the miss of thyroid hormones can disturb ovulation. The condition has besides been shown to lead to an increased risk of cysts developing in the ovaries. While fraught, hypothyroidism may increase your chance of spontaneous abortion, spontaneous abortion, and postnatal bleeding. hypothyroidism can be treated with physician-prescribed thyroid gland hormone pills.

  • Hyperthyroidism

hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland produces besides much thyroid hormone. It is most typically caused by Graves ’ disease, which is an autoimmune disorder. much like hypothyroidism, its symptoms are varied but include increase bulge, weight unit passing, shaking hands and fingers, irregular heartbeat, lighter menstrual cycles than common, and bulge, red, or irritation to the eyes. Some symptoms of hyperthyroidism are much confused for menopause symptoms, such as hot flashes, miss of menstruation, and temper swings. Hyperthyroidism often raises your chances of developing osteoporosis, another perturb that chiefly affects women. hyperthyroidism can be treated several ways ; your repair will prescribe the best treatment for you dependent on the cause and symptoms of your hyperthyroidism. Treatments include medications like antithyroid medications and betablockers, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as radioiodine and surgery .

  • Thyroiditis

thyroiditis is the inflammation of the thyroid. The most common causes of thyroiditis are autoimmune conditions, viral or bacterial infections, and genetics. The two most common types of thyroiditis are Hashimoto ’ mho disease and postnatal thyroiditis. Post-partum thyroiditis is coarse, affecting about 10 % of women who give parturition. Your risk for developing post-partum thyroiditis is increased if you have an autoimmune disease, you have a family history of thyroid conditions, or you have chronic viral hepatitis. The symptoms of thyroiditis typically occur in two phases, but not all patients experience both phases. In the first one to two months of the condition, most people experience the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. ln the next six to twelve months, most patients experience the symptoms of hypothyroidism. Depending on your symptoms and the stage of your thyroiditis, your doctor of the church may recommend different medications or treatments, or they may let the thyroid gland return to normal on its own.

  • Goiter

A goiter occurs when a section of the thyroid becomes unusually enlarged. You may experience swelling or feel a hunk on your neck. extreme goiters may cause cough and trouble immerse or breathe. Goiters are more probable to affect women, specially those who are postmenopausal. Goiters can occur for a variety show of reasons including Hashimoto ’ mho disease, Graves ’ disease, thyroiditis, thyroid nodules, lack of tincture of iodine in diet, or thyroid gland cancer. A doctor can test the goiter to determine the causal agent and if any treatment is necessary. If your goiter is not affecting the routine of the thyroid gland or your casual animation, your doctor of the church may not prescribe treatment. If you do need treatment, your doctor should prescribe medication to shrink the goiter.

  • Thyroid Nodules

Thyroid nodules occur when there is swelling in one of the thyroid ’ randomness sections. If you have a nodule, you may be able to see or feel it yourself. Some nodules may not cause problems or have any other symptoms. early times they may cause trouble breathing or cause hypothyroidism by producing excessively much thyroid hormone. Most thyroid nodules are not cancerous, but they could be a sign of thyroid gland cancer. Depending on the type of nodule you have, your doctor of the church may recommend waiting and watching the nodule, or they may recommend treatment through operation or radioiodine .

  • Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid Cancer is caused by cancerous cells growing in the thyroid gland. Most people with thyroid cancer do not experience symptoms, apart from swelling or a thyroid nodule. thyroid cancer rates are presently rising, and women get thyroid cancer three times deoxyadenosine monophosphate frequently as men do. If you have family history of thyroid disease, or you have had a goiter or radiation treatment that may have affected your thyroid gland, you are at higher risk for developing thyroid cancer. If a doctor diagnoses you with thyroid cancer, the most common treatment option is operating room to remove the thyroid gland. sometimes surgery is followed with radioiodine, which will destroy any thyroid cells left behind after the operation. If you think you may be at hazard for developing a thyroid problem, or you want to take steps to protect yourself during pregnancy or menopause, give Capital Women ’ s Care a call.

reference : https://www.bestofcalgary.city
Category : Health

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