Dos and don’ts for a safer pregnancy

The page covers things ( activities, foods, medicines etc ) in life that may carry a risk to your developing pamper. Following the recommendations on this page will reduce your hazard of pregnancy complications or loss. All of the information is based on research evidence .

Do take folic acid and vitamin D

Folic acid reduces your baby ’ randomness risk of neural tube defects to about nil. It is ideal to start taking it three months before invention but if it ’ second besides recently for that, don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate worry but start taking the recommended day by day amount immediately and continue taking it until the end of the first gear clean-cut ( workweek 12 of your pregnancy ). Read more about folic acid here .
Vitamin D helps your baby develop healthy bones, teeth and muscles. It helps to regulate the levels of calcium and phosphate in your body. You need these to keep your bones and teeth healthy. Read more about vitamin D here .
Taking a casual vitamin D accessory is even more crucial if you are at gamble of vitamin D lack :

  • if you have darker skin
  • if you get less sunlight, for example you stay inside a lot, or if you usually cover your skin for cultural reasons.

These two supplements are the merely ones you need in pregnancy unless your doctor or midwife diagnoses a insufficiency, such as iron insufficiency .
You can buy them cheaply in gamey street chemists or supermarkets ( if you buy own brand supplements individually they can be cheaper than the post packs of pregnancy vitamins ) .

If you are receiving benefits or are under 18 you might be able to get free vitamins with the government Healthy Start scheme.

Do stay active

Being sedentary ( sitting down a fortune ) is not goodly for you or your child .
It puts you at higher risk of excessively much system of weights derive, gestational diabetes, preeclampsia and varicose veins and you are more probable to have shortness of breath and lower spinal column pain .
If you did exercise before you became pregnant, you can continue at the like tied but listen to your body and slow down when you feel uncomfortable .
If you didn ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate exercise before you became fraught, you don ’ t have to take up organised drill classes, the important thing is to be active. There are tips here to help you build exercise into your sidereal day .
The recommend measure of activity for fraught women is 30 minutes a day four times a week. Read all about exercise and pregnancy here .

Do think about what you eat

Some foods carry a humble risk of infections, such as toxoplasmosis or listeriosis. Others can give you food poisoning, such as salmonella. Others have excessively much vitamin A or mercury, which can harm your developing
Listeria infection is rare but if you get it can hard damage your unborn baby. Foods that are more probable to carry listeria :

  • mould‑ripened soft cheese, such as Camembert or Brie, and soft blue‑veined cheese (there is no risk with hard cheese such as cheddar, parmesan or stilton, or with cottage cheese or processed cheese)
  • pâté (even vegetable pâté)
  • unpasteurised milk

Salmonella food poisoning is unlikely to harm your baby, but it can give you a severe turn of diarrhea and vomit. Foods that are more likely to carry salmonella :

  • unpasteurised milk
  • avoid eating raw or partially cooked eggs or food that may contain them (such as mayonnaise) unless they are produced under a food safety standard called the British Lion Code of Practice

Toxoplasmosis infection is rare but if you get it can sternly damage your unborn baby. Foods that are more probable to carry the toxoplasma leech :

  • uncooked or undercooked ready‑prepared meals
  • raw or partially cooked meat, especially poultry
  • unwashed vegetables and salad
  • cured or fermented meat (these can made safe by freezing or cooking before eating)

Too much vitamin A can affect your developing baby .
Foods that have eminent doses of vitamin A are :

  • liver and liver products
  • high-dose multivitamin supplements, fish liver oil supplements, or any supplements containing vitamin A.

Too much mercury and other pollutants, such as dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)
If you eat the take after you are at risk of eating excessively much mercury and other substances that may harm your growing pamper :

  • shark, swordfish or marlin
  • more than two tuna steaks a week (about 140g cooked or 170g raw each)
  • more than four medium-sized cans of tuna a week
  • more than two portions of oily fish a week, such as salmon, trout, mackerel and herring.

Do eat fish within the limits above though as it ‘s a full informant of nutriment for your baby .
Read all about nutriment in pregnancy here .

Do monitor your baby’s movements

Your baby ’ south movements are a sign that they are well. Start monitoring movements at around week 24 and if you notice a decrease in bowel movement search help immediately. Read important information hera about what to look out for and what to do if you notice a difference .

Do go to sleep on your side in the third trimester

Going to sleep on your back in the third base trimester doubles your risk of spontaneous abortion. You may wake up in all sorts of positions during the night, and that ’ s OK, but if you go to sleep on your english you will be sleeping safely for your baby.

Do remember your mental health

1 in 10 women suffer mental ill-health when they are fraught. Don ’ thyroxine write off minus, strange or unexpected regretful feelings as part of your pregnancy, particularly if they survive longer than expected. Read more about the difference between mood swings and deeper anxiety/depression here .

Do consider taking the vaccinations that are offered

In pregnancy you will be offered two vaccinations :

  • You’ll be offered the whooping cough vaccine by your GP or midwife. You will be offered this vaccination to boost your antibodies. These antibodies will be passed to your baby through the placenta. The best time to get vaccinated to protect your baby is from week 16 up to 32 weeks of pregnancy. You can have the vaccine anytime from 16 weeks but if you have it after 38 weeks it may be less effective. 
  • You’ll be offered the flu vaccine between September and February. There is evidence that pregnant women can be more at risk of developing complications if you get flu during pregnancy. 

Read more about vaccinations in pregnancy here .

Do carry your pregnancy notes

It is recommended to carry your prenatal notes everywhere you go as they contain all your aesculapian and pregnancy history. This is peculiarly important if you need to go to the pregnancy whole, specially at short-circuit notice, as this is how health professionals will be able to see your history and what has been happening in your pregnancy .

Do take any overseas holidays before 37 weeks

Women have said that the best time in pregnancy for abroad holidays is the middle of pregnancy. nausea and fatigue are common in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, and the hazard of spontaneous abortion is besides higher in the first three months ( this is not linked to travelling ). Travelling in the final examination months of pregnancy can be tiring and uncomfortable .
If you decide to travel late in pregnancy :

  • check your plans with airline. The likelihood of going into labour is higher after 37 weeks and some airlines will not let you fly. After week 28 of pregnancy, the airline may ask for a letter from your doctor or midwife confirming your due date, and that you aren’t at risk of complications
  • check your plans with your travel insurer. Is pregnancy covered in the event of an accident
  • bring your maternity notes with you.

Long-distance travel ( five hours or more ) besides carries a small gamble of deep vein thrombosis ( DVT or blood clots ) so drink enough of water system and judge and move around during the flight .

Do be aware of these symptoms

There are some symptoms that should always be checked with a midwife or doctor as they could be a sign that the baby is ailing .
You should besides contact your midwife if you feel that something is improper with you or the baby, even if you do n’t know precisely what it is. It ‘s authoritative to trust your instincts in pregnancy .

Don’t do these in pregnancy

Don’t ‘eat for two’

There ’ s no motivation for extra calories in the first or second trimesters. In the one-third trimester, you should have an supernumerary 200 calories if you are active. This is the equivalent to half a sandwich .
What does 200 calories look like ? Find out here
Read about the recommend weight advance in pregnancy here

Don’t smoke

smoking is a major modifiable risk factor ( something you can change ) for all sorts of health problems for your baby. It ’ mho never excessively late to stop. Think about getting confirm, as this has been shown to make staying off cigarettes more probably .
Get support to quit fume here .

Don’t drink alcohol

Don ’ metric ton toast alcohol, particularly in the first clean-cut when the baby ’ sulfur genius is going through a menstruation of intense growth. Find out more about how alcohol affects pregnancy and where you can get support here .

Don’t take drugs

Cocaine, meta-amphetamines, cannabis, psychoactive substances ( so called ‘ legal highs ’ ) are all probably to increase risks of health problems .
If you are taking illegal drugs it is very crucial to talk to your midwife or doctor. They will not judge you and can give you the right care and corroborate during your pregnancy. The more they know, the more they can help you and your child to get the correctly treatment .
You can besides get confidential ( they will not speak to anyone else about your drug-use ) excess support from lecture to Frank. There is a live old world chat on the web site. You can text 82111 or call 0300 123 6600

Don’t go diving or play contact sports

Most use is safe and healthy, but a handful of activities could cause injury to the baby. Read about activities that might harm your developing baby here.

Don’t drink (or eat) too much caffeine

More than 60 % of women who checked their caffeine intake on our caffeine calculator were surprised to find that they were over the limit. high levels of caffeine during pregnancy can result in low birth weight babies, which can increase the risk of health problems in subsequently life. Too much caffeine has besides been linked to miscarriage .
Check your caffeine inhalation here .

Don’t diet in pregnancy

Cutting out food groups may deprive your baby against nutrients they need for increase. alternatively of dieting, it is good to have a healthy balanced diet .

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Category : Health

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