Reading: Life as a Teenager
Parents and teachers of teenagers might recognize this phrase : “ I ’ molarity bored. ” many teenagers find class and school employment “ unstimulating ” or “ pointless ”, and report they don ’ thymine feel motivated or challenged by the material. According to “ The Silent Epidemic, ” a report from Civic Enterprises, most students drop out of school because they are “ uninterested ” in the substantial. The report, which examined high school drop outs from 25 different cities in the United States, found that about 69 % of students said they felt unmotivated to do school assignment. And of the students who dropped out of school, most were not failing students. In fact, many of the students had C averages or better, and indicated that if they had felt like it, they could have graduated from high school without much worry. For these students, miss of motivation was the elementary reason they didn ’ thyroxine finish school. by and large, there are two types of motivation : intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation .
What is Extrinsic Motivation?
extrinsic motivation is characterized by outside forces that motivate individuals to accomplish tasks. Teachers who motivate students extrinsically basically offer rewards for difficult exercise or dear grades. For exercise, a teacher might offer candy or extra recognition for finishing optional homework to motivate a student to work hard. extrinsic motivation has the advantage of producing immediate demeanor changes in the scholar, but typically, these changes are impermanent and last only angstrom long as the reward is available. Some extrinsically motivated students are only learning corporeal to earn the advantage, and might not in full absorb the new data .
What is Intrinsic Motivation?
intrinsic motivation is characterized by captivation with a discipline, and learning something for the sense of accomplishment it provides. Teachers who wish their students to truly feel motivate must learn how to motivate students intrinsically. If a student is systematically unmotivated and unwilling to put attempt into activities, it might indicate the student is depressed. Teachers and other educators must become mindful of the signs of depression and help that scholar to seek treatment .
Depression in Teenagers
Everyone has “ down days. ” possibly it ’ s the bad weather, or the disappointing grades on a hard test, but some days teenagers merely work uninterested in life or school. But these symptoms much pass promptly, as teens move on to new school subjects, or meet with friends to distract themselves from what bothered them at the here and now. But if a adolescent displays symptoms of depression for more than two consecutive weeks, it might point to something beyond convention adolescent mood swings. For more information understand adolescent depression. A kind of factors cause teens to feel “ down ” and depressed. In an interrogation of 1,208 high schoolers, researchers Susan Gore and others found a number of differences in how depression and stress affects boys and girls. In “ Gender, Social-relationship Involvement, and Depression, ” published in The Journal of Research on Adolescence, Gore found that girls become more depressed from interpersonal problems, such as fail relationships, lack of friend defend, and dispute in family. alternately, depression in boy was more probable to rise from accomplishment areas, like failing a quiz or not being accepted on a club or sports team. These negative events – both within the kingdom of family and friends – greatly affect a adolescent ’ sulfur mental health. Those who encounter both negative interpersonal and accomplishment events will probable suffer from lower self-esteem, which acts as a significant barrier to treating depressive disorder .
What are the symptoms of depression?
According to the article, “ Adolescent Depression, ” published in Clinical Practice, there are a number of symptoms that indicate good depression in a adolescent .
- A depressed mood for most of the day
- Markedly diminished interest of pleasure in almost all activities
- Clinically significant weight loss in absence of diet
- Insomnia or sleeping more than usual
- Fatigue or loss of energy
- Feelings of worthlessness or guilt
- Diminished ability to think or concentrate
- Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide
A significant phone number of teenagers feel depression through their lives. According to statistics from the National Alliance on Mental Illness ( NAMI ), about 20 % of teens feel depression during adolescence, and alone one-third of this group seeks discussion. however, treatment for adolescent low is often successful, and helps to alleviate mental stresses of teenagers. The National Institute for Mental Health-funded Treatment for Adolescents with Depression Study examined the potency of psychotherapy and antidepressants used to treat gloomy teenagers. In an learn of 439 teenagers randomly assigned to unlike treatment methods, researchers discovered that combining cognitive behavioral therapy with antidepressants was the most consequence method of treating depressed teens. After 18 weeks of treatment, 85 % of teenagers undergoing combination therapy showed signs of relief from depressive symptoms. For more information on depression treatment, see serve for adolescent low. Teens who do not receive proper care are at higher risk for self-medicating through drugs and other bad behaviors that put their futures on the production line .
Teenage Drug Use
Some teenagers begin using drugs as a way of coping with the low and tension in their lives, while others try them because of pressure from peers. In either sheath, drug use among teenagers has far-reaching consequences that negatively affect their lives. Statistics from the National Drug Intelligence Center indicate that marijuana is the most normally used drug among teenagers, with about 40.2 percentage of high schoolers having tried the drug. thus for bullied and picked-on teens, the gamble of using drugs is particularly eminent. When dealing with stress or negative events, some teens use drugs as an escape – a way to avoid pain or fear in situations where they don ’ triiodothyronine feel in control. The most coarse reasons teens will use drugs as cope mechanisms are victimization and witnessing violence.
While exploitation plays a big function in why teens use drugs, a adolescent ’ sulfur peer group might have the most profound effect on his or her view of drugs. Because adolescence is characterized by greater focus and importance on friendships, parents and counselors must pay attention to a adolescent ’ sulfur social network. Teens who surround themselves with peers who resist drugs or alcohol are more likely to resist drugs or alcohol themselves, while teens who make friends with drug users are more likely to besides try drugs. For more information see peer imperativeness. For exercise, in “ Risk Factors for Serious Alcohol and Drug Use : The Role of Psychosocial Variables in Predicting the Frequency of Drug Use in Adolescents, ” by Maury Nation and Craig A. Heflinger, inquiry shows that teens who use drugs frequently do so because their friends begin using drugs. The article, published in The american Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, asked 214 teenagers to identify their closest friends, and indicate whether or not those friends were drug users. Results showed that the teens who closely associated with drug users besides tried drugs themselves. For more data on drug treatment and drug mistreat in teenagers, see adolescent drug use .
For many teenagers, adolescence represents a prison term where they will start – and sometimes end – their foremost serious relationships. And within these relationships, mistakes sometimes happen, and a adolescent becomes fraught ). According to statistics from the Guttmacher Institute, in 2006, 7 % of girls ages 15 to 19 became fraught, while the birthrate was 41.9 births per 1,000 teens. adolescent pregnancy is associated with a horde of negative outcomes for both the parent and the child. Children of adolescent mothers are more likely to become meaning at a unseasoned age themselves, and have higher chances of engaging in risk behaviors such as drug consumption. When a adolescent becomes pregnant, she has three options. The adolescent can either terminate the pregnancy, place the child up for borrowing, or become a mother. For more data on all the options, see adolescent pregnancy support. Teenagers who decide to become mothers face significant barriers to continuing their educations, financing their ( and their children ’ s ) lives, and juggling the emotional and cognitive developments of adolescence with the very adult reality of becoming a beget. Counselors, government officials, and educators agree that the best way to ensure these issues don ’ metric ton rise is to prevent adolescent pregnancy itself from happening in the first base stead. generally, there are two different types of pregnancy prevention programs – abstinence-only and abstinence-plus. Abstinence-only programs focus on telling teenagers to wait until marriage before having intimate sexual intercourse. Abstinence-plus programs give teens comprehensive sexual education, advising teens to wait until they are ready to have sex, while besides providing information on contraceptives. For more information on prevention programs, see adolescent pregnancy prevention .
Providing guidance to teenagers
Given the abundance of challenges teenagers face during adolescence, it ’ south authoritative for teachers, counselors, and psychologists to offer expert advice, guidance, and cognition to troubled teens. Teenagers consider developing friendships and engaging in sociable situations as some of the most important aspects of adolescence, so when problems arise in these areas, teenagers feel suffer, stressed, and rejected. Most of these situations happen in the school place, so it ’ s only fitting for the school counselor to be the chief source of relief for these stresses. School counselors help teenagers to balance their social and academician lives, while providing steering and advice about the future. Below are some of the areas of concenter for schools counselors :
- Dealing with bullies
- Conflict resolution
- Time management
- College planning
- Goal setting
- Coping with loss of relationships
For a adolescent, one of the most unmanageable and trying times is establishing independence from parents. Often, in their request for freedom, teenagers damage their relationships with their parents through increased dispute. According to the New York Times on-line Health Guide on Adolescent Development, dispute most frequently occurs as teenagers rebel against their parents ’ wishes, challenging assurance. Teenagers might react angrily or violently when their parents punish or discipline them, and this conflict sometimes extends into the educate set. For more information on how counselors work with teens to defeat negative thoughts, increase motivation to do well in school, and provide guidance for future aspirations, see counseling teenagers .
Help for Parents of “Independent” Teenagers
As a parent, it ’ s unvoiced to see the energetic bundle of rejoice that was your child turn into an angst-filled, sleepy, rebellious adolescent. As teenagers develop, they push modern boundaries, complain about rules, and seek greater independence from their parents. According to the New York Times on-line Health Guide on Adolescent Development, parents must be a constant and reproducible visualize in their adolescent ’ randomness life, providing a safe boundary for a adolescent to grow, even if that adolescent acts like these boundaries are unwanted. Parents need to provide these rules, while besides remaining flexible and respectful of the growing adolescent ’ randomness motivation for independence. For example, teenagers will frequently feel defeated, embarrassed, and even angry that though they want exemption, they still need to ask their parents for permission to go to a ally ’ second house, or need their mothers to drop them off at school. The U.S. Department of Education ’ s guide “ Independence – Helping your Child through Early Adolescence, ” states that parents should respect and support their adolescent ’ randomness choices a long as those choices won ’ t have long-run damaging effects. For exemplar, even if a parent doesn ’ triiodothyronine enjoy the music his or her adolescent listens to, it ’ s unlikely that the choice of music will prevent that adolescent from entering a good college, or lead to health consequences. however, if that adolescent is drinking alcohol and drive, parents must enact hard-and-fast punishments to teach that there are consequences for poor choices that come with increased freedom. Parents who do not systematically enforce their set rules run the hazard of losing credibility with their adolescent. Parents without credibility will likely see most of their rules broken, and face an “ out-of-control adolescent, ” who doesn ’ t respect their rules, their lifestyles, or their wishes. At that charge, parents might seek the aid of professional counselors to help re-establish their function in their adolescent ’ s life.
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