Boston Children’s Hospital

What is appendicitis?

Appendicitis is a painful swell and infection of the appendix ( a constrict, finger-like pouch that branches off the big intestine ). Doctors are not in truth certain what the appendix does, but removing it is not harmful. appendicitis is the most common campaign of emergency surgery in childhood .
Appendicitis affects 1 in 1,000 people living in the U.S. Most cases of appendicitis occur between the ages of 10 and 30 years .
Since an septic appendix can rupture and be a dangerous trouble, call your health care supplier or go to the emergency room immediately if your child has these symptoms :

  • sudden, pronounced pain around the belly button area
  • in a short period of time, the pain moves to the lower right-hand part of the abdomen and your child may have a difficult time breathing

What are the symptoms of appendicitis in children?

The postdate are the most common symptoms of appendicitis in kids. however, each child may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include :

  • pain in the abdomen, which may start in the area around the belly button and move over to the lower right-hand side of the abdomen, but may also start in the lower right-hand side of the abdomen
  • usually increases in severity as time passes
  • may be worse with moving, taking deep breaths, being touched, coughing, or sneezing
  • may spread throughout the abdomen if the appendix ruptures
  • nausea and vomiting
  • loss of appetite
  • fever and chills
  • changes in behavior
  • diarrhea or constipation

A laparoscopic appendectomy for a patient with appendicitis.

What causes appendicitis in children?

Appendicitis occurs when the interior of the appendix becomes filled with something that causes it to swell, such as mucus, stool, or parasites. The appendix then becomes irritate and inflame. The blood provision to the appendix is cut off as the swell and discomfort addition. Adequate blood flow is necessary for a body function to remain healthy. When the blood stream is reduced, the appendix starts to die. Rupture ( or perforation ) occurs as holes develop in the walls of the appendix, allowing stool, mucus, and early substances to leak through and get inside the abdomen. An infection inside the abdomen known as peritonitis occurs when the appendix perforates.

Why is appendicitis in children a concern?

An irritate appendix can quickly turn into an infect and tear appendix, sometimes within hours. A tear appendix can be dangerous. When the appendix ruptures, bacteria infect the organs inside the abdominal pit, causing peritonitis. The bacterial contagion can spread identical cursorily and be unmanageable to treat if diagnosis is delayed.

How we care for appendicitis

appendicitis can be an hand brake site. The Department of Surgery at Boston Children ‘s Hospital has surgeons fix day and night to diagnose appendicitis and then remove your child ‘s appendix, either before or after it has ruptured .
appendicitis is the most common childhood surgical emergency, but the diagnosis can be challenging, particularly in children, often leading to either unnecessary surgery in children without appendicitis, or a tear appendix and unplayful complications when the condition is missed .
Emergency medicate physicians and scientists at the Proteomics Center at Boston Children ‘s have demonstrated that a protein detectable in urine might serve as a “ biomarker ” for appendicitis, potentially allowing diagnosis in a matter of minutes .

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