Vulvitis: Causes, symptoms, and treatment

vulvitis is the excitement of the soft peel on the outdoor of the female genitalia. This area is called the vulva. The damp and ardent conditions that are a necessary part of the vulva make it specially susceptible to vulvitis. Any female can be affected by vulvitis, specially if they have allergies, sensitivities, infections, or diseases that make them more vulnerable. prepubescent girls and postmenopausal women have a higher risk because they tend to have lower estrogen levels.

It is important to see a sophisticate if symptoms, such as vaginal discharges or skin lesions on the vulva, happen.


Female patient and doctor. parcel on PinterestThe vulva is the area of skin surrounding the female genitalia. Vulvitis is the inflammation of this skin. Allergies or sensitivities to certain products, items, or habits normally provoke vulvitis. Any of the keep up may be the cause : Certain hygiene products, including :

  • colored or perfumed toilet paper
  • vaginal sprays or douches
  • shampoos and hair conditioners
  • laundry detergents
  • topical creams and medications

Allergic reaction to :

  • bubble bath or soap used on the genitals
  • spermicides
  • sanitary napkins

irritation caused by :

  • douching
  • a yeast infection
  • chlorinated water in swimming pools or hot tubs
  • synthetic underwear or nylon pantyhose
  • wearing a wet bathing suit for a long time
  • bike or horseback riding
  • incontinence
  • poor personal hygiene

early factors, such as :

  • diabetes
  • scabies or pubic lice
  • herpes
  • eczema or dermatitis

Postmenopausal women can be particularly susceptible to vulvitis. As estrogen levels cliff, the vulvar tissues become dilutant, dry, and less elastic. This makes women more vulnerable to discomfort and infection .

What are the symptoms of vulvitis?

plowshare on PinterestThere are a number of possible causes for vulvitis. including allergic reactions, skin irritations, sexually transmitted infections, and diabetes. Symptoms of vulvitis can manifest in different ways. Some of the most common are :

  • itching, redness, burning, and swelling
  • soreness, and thickened or white patches
  • vaginal discharge

The comply symptoms can affect the bark on the vulva :

  • clear fluid-filled blisters
  • a scaly appearance
  • severe and prolonged itching
  • a burning sensation
  • small cracks

Over-cleaning of the involve area can make symptom worse. It is best to wash once a day, and only with warm water. The symptoms of vulvitis can suggest other disorders or diseases, including allergies, infections, and injuries.

How is vulvitis diagnosed?

vulvitis can develop for many reasons, and finding the exact cause can be catchy. clinical assessment normally starts with :

  • a medical history
  • a pelvic examination

The aim is to look out for red, blisters, or anything else that may support a diagnosis of vulvitis. Any vaginal discharge may be tested for infections. early conditions such as dermatitis or Lichen sclerosus are rare but need to be ruled out. A diagnostic examination may include checks for sexually transmitted infections ( STIs ) and may include analysis of a urine sample distribution. These two checks are normally done to rule out other issues that have exchangeable symptoms. diagnostic tools may besides include blood tests and pap tests. Pap tests involve lab test of cells from the neck. These can reveal changes in the cells that may be linked to infection, inflammation, or cancer.

Treatment options

plowshare on PinterestTopical creams such as hydrocortisone may be recommended to help relieve the symptoms of vulvitis. vulvitis can have many unlike causes, as outlined hera, and this can sometimes make a diagnosis difficult. however, provided that any implicit in causal agent is accurately diagnosed, vulvitis is well treated. Itching and other typical symptoms can normally be resolved within weeks of diagnosis and treatment. If the inflammation is thought to be a consequence of reduce estrogen due to menopause, a doctor may prescribe a topical estrogen skim .

Symptom-relief products

Hydrocortisone, anti-fungal, and estrogen creams can be helpful for symptom-relief. self-help treatments include warm, comfort baths, compresses and hemimorphite lotion. divide treatment of other conditions, such as vaginal infection or herpes, is all-important if these are causing symptoms of vulvitis. If these measures do not reduce the irritation, or if the symptoms worsen, then further tests will be needed. These may include a clamber biopsy to rule out abnormal skin growth on the vulva, known as vulvar muscular dystrophy, and vulvar dysplasia, which can be a precancerous condition. similarly, a skin biopsy may be needed If bark lesions are present on the vulva.


Irritants are a common cause of vulvitis, but the condition can besides be linked with STIs. prevention of STIs is through abstinence or condom manipulation. It is worth noting here that for some women condoms and consort lubricants can be irritating in themselves and, consequently, do not work as hindrance measures for vulvitis caused by STIs. For many women, the chances of a outburst of vulvitis can be reduced with some basic self-care. Reducing stress, getting enough sleep and a alimentary, sanitary diet can be helpful. If vulvitis is reoccurring, a womanhood should consider wearing cotton panties and paying extra attention to perineal hygiene. Treating yeast or early infections promptly, is evenly significant, as is talking to a doctor about other ways to prevent vulvitis.


vulvitis is fairly common and is normally not serious in most cases. Symptoms, such as itch and pique, can normally be relieved cursorily. On the early hand, vulvitis can sometimes be indicative mood of other implicit in conditions, some of which can be dangerous if untreated. Hence, it is authoritative to have a complete and conclusive diagnosis by a doctor, adenine soon as symptoms start to appear .

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