What is wind, gas and bloating?
Diagram naming the parts of the gut
There is constantly a certain come of gas in the intestine. Most of this comes from air swallowed whilst you are eating or drink in. It can besides happen during fume or when swallowing saliva. Larger amounts can be swallowed when you eat promptly, gulp down a drink or chew gum. The accept air goes down into the esophagus ( the esophagus ). If you are sitting up, the air tends to go back up the esophagus and escapes again through the mouth in the summons of belch. If you are lying flatcar, the air tends to pass downwards causing gasoline in the stomach. This can result in bloat after eating and a arduous, swell pot. The accelerator finally enters the small intestine ( humble intestine ) and escapes through the back passage ( anus ). People often refer to this as ‘farting ‘ or, more politely, ‘passing fart ‘ or turgidity.
Gas can besides be produced due to germs ( bacteria ) acting on partially digested food in the gut. This is more probably to happen with some foods than others. Broccoli, baked beans and Brussels sprouts are long-familiar culprits. The total of germs in the intestine besides has an effect on the volume of boast produced. The gas that is made is chiefly composed of carbon paper dioxide, hydrogen and methane. It may contain traces of a chemical called sulfur. This is responsible for the unpleasant olfactory property experienced when you pass wind through the back passage. abdominal bloat is the term used when the stomach feels blown out, tight or fully of gas. It results in a swell stomach and the girdle of a skirt or a pair of trousers may feel uncomfortable. You may experience crampy pot pains .
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Gas and bloating symptoms
Gas-related symptoms include burping excessively, passing a distribute of wind from the back passage, crampy abdomen pains and a bloated belly. Gas sometimes settles in the curves of the big intestine ( big intestine ) under the liver or irascibility. This can cause trouble in the amphetamine right or upper left areas of your pot. Most people who are bothered by these types of symptoms do not actually produce more accelerator than usual, they are barely more medium to normal amounts. however, it is now considered that some patients with excitable intestine syndrome do produce larger than convention volumes of gas. irritable intestine syndrome is a condition in which bouts of stomach pain are associated with bloat and changes in intestine habit such as constipation and diarrhea. See the separate booklet called cranky Bowel Syndrome. just to complicate matters further, the come of bloat does not relate to the earnestness of the cause. People with excitable intestine syndrome may complain of severe bloat, whilst in those with coeliac disease the bloat may be mild, chasten or severe .
What causes wind, gas and bloating?
Everybody has gas-related symptoms from time to time. In most cases, this is share of the natural sour of the body and the symptoms soon pass. Some people complain they are feeling bloated all the time. As mentioned above, people are occasionally sensitive to normal amounts of accelerator in the stomach. The reasons for this are not entirely gain. There are some conditions associated with larger than normal amounts of accelerator in the stomach :
Swallowing too much air
This is called aerophagia. You may not be aware of it but you may be swallowing air frequently or in large amounts. This often happens in people who are under stress. It can be aggravated by chewing gingiva and smoke. normally, air swallowed in this way passes into the esophagus ( esophagus ) and down into the abdomen. however, sometimes air travel is sucked into the back of the throat ( the throat ) and is burped out before it reaches the esophagus. This is known as supragastric burp. Some people swallow air intentionally to cause belching, as they find this helps to relieve symptoms of indigestion .
Foods which are well known to cause excessive wind in the catgut admit :
- Brussels sprouts.
- Starchy foods such as potatoes, corn and noodles.
- Foods high in soluble fibre (eg, fruit, peas and beans).
lactose intolerance happens when your body has difficulty digesting lactose. Lactose is stage in milk and foods which are made with milk. lactose intolerance causes diarrhoea, pot pains and bloat. See the separate leaflet called Lactose Intolerance .
Intolerance to food sugars
intolerance to sugars in certain foods can occur. Fructose intolerance is the most park. Foods high in fructose include dried fruit, honey, sucrose, onions and artichokes. Sorbitol is another carbohydrate to which you can be illiberal. It is found in chewing gum tree and ‘sugar-free ‘ sweets .
Check the leaflet of any medicines you are taking, as wind instrument, flatulence or bloat can be side-effects. Metformin ( a medicine for diabetes ) and lactulose ( a laxative ) are well known to cause these symptoms. Antacids such as magnesium trisilicate avail to combat indigestion but they can increase the sum of carbon dioxide produced in the stomach, and worsen burp .
Diseases causing increased gas
Most people with gas-related symptoms have increased sensitivity to boast or have one of the causes of increase gas production mentioned above. however, occasionally these symptoms can be caused by diseases of the intestine. sometimes, the illness can be ephemeral. For exercise, acute gastroenteritis ( besides known as a ‘tummy bug ‘ ), often caused by infection with a virus, can result in a short-run condition associated with increased gas. occasionally, gas-related symptoms can be features of long-run diseases. All of them can cause at least one gas-related symptom ( internet explorer pot pain, excess wind or bloat ).
Examples include : Coeliac disease
Coeliac disease is caused by intolerance to a protein called gluten which is found in certain foods containing pale yellow, barley and rye. It chiefly affects the share of the gut called the belittled intestine. It can occur at any old age. Symptoms are relieved by avoiding gluten-containing foods. See the disjoined leaflet called Coeliac Disease. Inflammatory bowel diseases
The most coarse inflammatory intestine diseases are ulcerative colitis and Crohn ‘s disease. ulcerative colitis is a disease in which excitement develops in the colon and the rectum ( the large intestine ). Crohn ‘s disease is a condition that causes inflammation of the wall of the gut ( gastrointestinal tract ). Any separate of the catgut can be affected. The chief symptoms of inflammatory intestine diseases are stomach pains and diarrhea, but bloat and other gas-related symptoms can develop. The causes of ulcerative colitis and Crohn ‘s disease and ulcerative colitis are not known. however, both conditions have familial factors and it is thought that people who develop inflammatory intestine diseases are prone to react to infection with germs by producing an immune chemical reaction in their intestine line. Diverticulitis
Diverticulitis occurs when small pouches in the wall of the big intestine ( ‘diverticula ‘ ) become infect. See the separate cusp called Diverticula ( Diverticulosis, Diverticular Disease, Diverticulitis ). Short bowel syndrome
Short bowel syndrome can be a complication of intestine operation. If more than half the small intestine is removed during surgery this can cause difficulties in food assimilation. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth
Small intestinal bacterial giantism is a ailing sympathize condition which is caused by an overgrowth of germs in the small intestine. It can be an consequence of intestine operating room, and besides occurs more frequently in people with diabetes, incendiary diseases of the intestine and diverticulosis. It may be associated with irritable intestine syndrome and can cause the same sort of symptoms, particularly bloating. indeed, it is thought that some cases of cranky intestine syndrome may be caused by little intestinal bacterial overgrowth. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth is sometimes treated with antibiotics such as metronidazole. Scleroderma
Scleroderma is a condition which causes thickening of the skin and sometimes the inner organs. When the intestine is affected it can cause problems in abdomen vacate and irregularity of intestine bowel movement. This can lead to bloating, stultification and diarrhea. See the separate cusp called Scleroderma ( Systemic Sclerosis ).
Ovarian cancer is mentioned here because, although cancer of the ovary is not a disease of the intestine, it can cause symptoms which can be confused with intestine disease. These can include impression full quickly or loss of appetite, stomach pains and bloat. See the separate booklet called ovarian Cancer. Giardiasis
This is caused by infection with a source called giardia. One of the symptoms is belching up fetid gas .
Do I need any tests for wind, gas and bloating?
Most people with these symptoms do not need any tests. however, you may need tests if you have more worrying symptoms. These can include : The tests may include :
How to reduce bloating, wind, and gas
People much ask how to stop bloat and how to get rid of a bloat digest. There are several options available that will help with excessive turgidity and ceaseless bloat .
Changes to your diet
- It is known that there are some foods that make you bloated. Cutting down on these triggers will promote bloating relief. Keep a record of what you eat and drink to see if there are any foods or beverages which could be associated with your symptoms. These can include milk and milk products, certain fruits and vegetables, whole grains, artificial sweeteners and fizzy drinks. Pulses, bran and fruit contain fermentable carbohydrates, sugars which are easily broken down by the digestive system. Not only do fermentable carbohydrates cause excess gas, but they also work with germs to cause tooth decay. Reducing your intake of the fermentable carbohydrates found in sugary foods can result in several health benefits.
- If you are lactose-intolerant you will need to avoid lactose-containing foods. Your doctor will advise how best to do this without developing complications such as calcium and mineral deficiency.
- If you are fructose-intolerant you should avoid fructose-containing foods. Fructose is used as a sweetener in many processed foods; look for ‘high in fructose corn syrup’ on the label.
- Live micro-organisms (probiotics) may be helpful, although the evidence is not conclusive. Probiotics are ‘gut-friendly’ germs (bacteria) such as lactobacilli and bifidobacteria. The specific strain of bacteria may be important but, on current evidence, it is difficult to advise which strain(s) to use.
- Diets which combat constipation may be helpful. For example, soluble fibre such as linseed (up to one tablespoon daily) and oats are recommended.
exercise has been shown to improve gas-related symptoms. This is partially due to the upright place, as lying flat tends to stop gas from moving round the body. One bible of admonitory : excessive turgidity and belch are common in female runners. The cause for this is stranger .
Simeticone is worth a attempt as a medicine for bloat, as it is said to break up boast bubbles. There is, however, no convincing evidence in the scientific literature to support its consumption. It is normally sold in combination with an antacid. Charcoal preparations, which are meant to absorb gasoline, may besides be tried. There is some scientific tell that they are utilitarian as bloating remedies. however, neither simeticone nor charcoal preparations have been found to be helpful in bloating related to excitable intestine syndrome. Medicines which encourage the movement of the catgut ( prokinetic medicines ) can assist with bloat relief. They can be quite helpful as bloat stomach remedies if you have excessive belching and bloat. Most of these are prescription-only preparations but red gum can be bought in diverse forms. Medicines which relieve spasm may besides be helpful for bloating and distention. Medicines in this group, available without prescription drug, include mebeverine and alverine. Bismuth subsalicylate has been shown to reduce the smell of gas passed through the back passage ( anus ). however, it should not be taken regularly due to side-effects. It is well reserved for casual use – eg, social occasions.
Carbon fiber underwear appears to be effective but is expensive. Charcoal pads and cushions are cheaper but may not be as effective .
These may be useful for people who have a low allowance to a normal amount of flatulence in the stomach. Therapies which may help include mindful awareness and cognitive behavioral therapy ( CBT ). psychological therapies may besides be helpful for people who have excessive belch, peculiarly where aerophagy is the cause. Aerophagy can besides sometimes be helped by a language therapist .