Hiatal hernia – Symptoms and causes


Hiatal hernia

Hiatal hernia

Hiatal hernia

A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper berth part of your abdomen bulges through your diaphragm into your chest pit .
A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper berth part of your stomach bulges through the large muscle separating your abdomen and chest of drawers ( diaphragm ) .
Your diaphragm has a belittled open ( foramen ) through which your food tube ( esophagus ) passes before connecting to your stomach. In a hiatal hernia, the stomach pushes up through that open and into your breast.

A small hiatal hernia normally does n’t cause problems. You may never know you have one unless your doctor discovers it when checking for another discipline .
But a large hiatal hernia can allow food and acid to back up into your esophagus, leading to heartburn. Self-care measures or medications can normally relieve these symptoms. A identical large hiatal hernia might require surgery .

Products & Services

  • Book: Mayo Clinic on Digestive Health


Most minor hiatal hernia cause no signs or symptoms. But larger hiatal hernia can cause :

  • Heartburn
  • Regurgitation of food or liquids into the mouth
  • Backflow of stomach acid into the esophagus (acid reflux)
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Chest or abdominal pain
  • Feeling full soon after you eat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Vomiting of blood or passing of black stools, which may indicate gastrointestinal bleeding

When to see a doctor

See your repair if you have any dogged signs or symptoms that worry you .

There is a problem with information submitted for this request. Review/update the information highlighted below and resubmit the form .

Get the latest health information from Mayo Clinic delivered to your inbox.

Subscribe for free and receive your in-depth guide to digestive health, plus the latest on health innovations and news program. You can unsubscribe at any time .
Email address

ErrorEmail field is required
ErrorInclude a valid e-mail address
First Name (let us know your preferred name)

Last Name

To provide you with the most relevant and helpful information, and understand which information is beneficial, we may combine your e-mail and web site usage information with early information we have about you. If you are a Mayo Clinic patient, this could include protected health information. If we combine this information with your protect health information, we will treat all of that data as protect health information and will only use or disclose that information as located forth in our notice of privacy practices. You may opt-out of e-mail communications at any time by clicking on the unsubscribe link in the e-mail .

Thank you for subscribing

Your in-depth digestive health guidebook will be in your inbox shortly. You will besides receive emails from Mayo Clinic on the latest health news program, research, and care .
If you don ’ triiodothyronine receive our electronic mail within 5 minutes, check your SPAM booklet, then contact us at newsletters @ mayoclinic.com .

Sorry something went wrong with your subscription

Please, try again in a couple of minutes


A hiatal hernia occurs when weakened muscle tissue allows your abdomen to bulge up through your diaphragm. It ‘s not always clear why this happens. But a hiatal hernia might be caused by :

  • Age-related changes in your diaphragm
  • Injury to the area, for example, after trauma or certain types of surgery
  • Being born with an unusually large hiatus
  • Persistent and intense pressure on the surrounding muscles, such as while coughing, vomiting, straining during a bowel movement, exercising or lifting heavy objects

Risk factors

Hiatal hernias are most common in people who are :

  • Age 50 or older
  • Obese

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *