Hiatal hernia – Symptoms and causes

Overview

Hiatal hernia

Hiatal hernia

Hiatal hernia

A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper berth part of your abdomen bulges through your diaphragm into your chest pit .
A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper berth part of your stomach bulges through the large muscle separating your abdomen and chest of drawers ( diaphragm ) .
Your diaphragm has a belittled open ( foramen ) through which your food tube ( esophagus ) passes before connecting to your stomach. In a hiatal hernia, the stomach pushes up through that open and into your breast.

A small hiatal hernia normally does n’t cause problems. You may never know you have one unless your doctor discovers it when checking for another discipline .
But a large hiatal hernia can allow food and acid to back up into your esophagus, leading to heartburn. Self-care measures or medications can normally relieve these symptoms. A identical large hiatal hernia might require surgery .

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Symptoms

Most minor hiatal hernia cause no signs or symptoms. But larger hiatal hernia can cause :

  • Heartburn
  • Regurgitation of food or liquids into the mouth
  • Backflow of stomach acid into the esophagus (acid reflux)
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Chest or abdominal pain
  • Feeling full soon after you eat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Vomiting of blood or passing of black stools, which may indicate gastrointestinal bleeding

When to see a doctor

See your repair if you have any dogged signs or symptoms that worry you .

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Causes

A hiatal hernia occurs when weakened muscle tissue allows your abdomen to bulge up through your diaphragm. It ‘s not always clear why this happens. But a hiatal hernia might be caused by :

  • Age-related changes in your diaphragm
  • Injury to the area, for example, after trauma or certain types of surgery
  • Being born with an unusually large hiatus
  • Persistent and intense pressure on the surrounding muscles, such as while coughing, vomiting, straining during a bowel movement, exercising or lifting heavy objects

Risk factors

Hiatal hernias are most common in people who are :

  • Age 50 or older
  • Obese

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