Scarlet Fever: All You Need to Know

Bacteria Cause Scarlet Fever

Bacteria called group A Streptococcus or group A streptococcus lawsuit red fever. The bacteria sometimes make a poison ( toxin ), which causes a rash — the “ scarlet ” of red fever .

How You Get Scarlet Fever

Group A streptococcus alive in the nose and throat and can well spread to other people. It is crucial to know that all infect people do not have symptoms or seem vomit. People who are infected spread the bacteria by coughing or sneeze, which creates little respiratory droplets that contain the bacteria .
People can get pale if they :

  • Breathe in those droplets
  • Touch something with droplets on it and then touch their mouth or nose
  • Drink from the same glass or eat from the same plate as a sick person
  • Touch sores on the skin caused by group A strep (impetigo)

rarely, people can spread group A streptococcus through food that is not handled properly ( visit CDC ’ s food base hit page ). Experts do not believe pets or family items, like toys, spread these bacteria.

common Signs, Symptoms of Scarlet Fever

  • Very red, sore throat
  • Fever (101 °F or higher)
  • Whitish coating on the tongue early in the illness
  • “Strawberry” (red and bumpy) tongue
  • Red skin rash that has a sandpaper feel
  • Bright red skin in the creases of the underarm, elbow, and groin (the area where your stomach meets your thighs)
  • Swollen glands in the neck

other general symptoms :

  • Headache or body aches
  • Nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain

Scarlet Fever: What to Expect

In general, scarlet fever is a balmy infection. It normally takes two to five days for person exposed to group A streptococcus to become nauseated. Illness normally begins with a fever and huffy throat. There may besides be chills, vomiting, or abdominal pain. The tongue may have a whitish coating and appear swell. It may besides have a “ strawberry ” -like ( crimson and bumpy ) appearance. The throat and tonsils may be very crimson and huffy, and swallow may be atrocious .
One or two days after the illness begins, a red rash normally appears. however, the rash can appear before illness or improving to 7 days belated. The rash may first appear on the neck, underarm, and breakwater ( the area where your stomach meets your thighs ). Over time, the foolhardy spreads over the consistency. The rash normally begins as small, two-dimensional blotches that lento become all right bumps that feel like sandpaper .
Although the impudence might look flushed ( blushful ), there may be a pale area around the mouth. Underarm, elbow, and groin skin creases may become undimmed bolshevik than the rest of the rash. The rash from scarlet fever fades in about 7 days. As the rash fades, the skin may peel around the fingertips, toes, and groin sphere. This peel off can last up to several weeks .

Children and Certain Adults Are at Increased Risk

Anyone can get scarlet fever, but there are some factors that can increase the risk of getting this infection .
Children play in a preschool classroom Scarlet fever, like streptococcus throat, is more common in children than adults. It is most common in children 5 through 15 years old. It is rare in children younger than 3 years old. Adults who are at increased risk for scarlet fever include :

  • Parents of school-aged children
  • Adults who are often in contact with children

Close contact with another person with scarlet fever is the most common risk agent for illness. For example, if person has scarlet fever, it frequently spreads to early people in their family .
infectious illnesses tend to spread wherever big groups of people gather together. push conditions can increase the risk of getting a group A streptococcal infection. These settings include :

  • Schools
  • Daycare centers
  • Military training facilities

Doctors Can Test for and Treat Scarlet Fever

many viruses and bacteria can cause an illness that includes a crimson rash and huffy throat. entirely a rapid streptococcal test or a throat polish can determine if group A streptococcus are the causal agent .
A rapid streptococcus test involves swabbing the throat and testing the swab. The test quickly shows if group A streptococcus are causing the illness. If the trial is positive, doctors can prescribe antibiotics. If the trial is negative, but a doctor still suspects red fever, then the doctor can take a throat culture swab. A throat culture takes clock time to see if group A streptococcus bacteria grow from the swab. While it takes more time, a throat culture sometimes finds infections that the rapid streptococcal trial misses. culture is important to use in children and teens since they can get arthritic fever from an untreated red fever contagion. For adults, it is normally not necessary to do a throat acculturation following a minus rapid streptococcus screen. Adults are by and large not at gamble of getting arthritic fever following scarlet fever.

Antibiotics Get You Well Fast

Doctors treat scarlet fever with antibiotics. Either penicillin or amoxicillin are recommended as a first option for people who are not allergic to penicillin. Doctors can use other antibiotics to treat red fever in people who are allergic to penicillin .
Benefits of antibiotics include :

  • Decreasing how long someone is sick
  • Decreasing symptoms (feeling better)
  • Preventing the bacteria from spreading to others
  • Preventing serious complications like rheumatic fever

Long-term Health Problems Are Not Common but Can Happen

Complications are rare but can occur after having scarlet fever. This can happen if the bacteria spread to other parts of the body. Complications can include :

  • Abscesses (pockets of pus) around the tonsils
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • Ear, sinus, and skin infections
  • Pneumonia (lung infection)
  • Rheumatic fever (a heart disease)
  • Post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis (a kidney disease)
  • Arthritis (joint inflammation)

treatment with antibiotics can prevent most of these health problems .

Protect Yourself and Others

People can get scarlet fever more than once. Having scarlet fever does not protect person from getting it again in the future. While there is no vaccine to prevent red fever, there are things people can do to protect themselves and others .
A young boy washes his hands with soap and water Good Hygiene Helps Prevent Group A Strep Infections
The best way to keep from getting or spreading group A streptococcal is to wash your hands frequently. This is specially important after coughing or sneezing and before preparing foods or eating. To practice good hygiene, you should :

  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze
  • Put your used tissue in the waste basket
  • Cough or sneeze into your upper sleeve or elbow, not your hands, if you don’t have a tissue
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds
  • Use an alcohol-based hand rub if soap and water are not available

You should besides wash glasses, utensils, and plates after person who is sick uses them. These items are safe for others to use once washed .
Antibiotics Help Prevent Spreading the Infection to Others
People with scarlet fever should stay home from make, school, or daycare until they :

  • No longer have a fever
  • Have taken antibiotics for at least 12 hours

Take the prescription precisely as the repair says to. Don ’ thymine blockage taking the medicate, even if you or your child feel good, unless the doctor of the church says to stop .

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