Erectile Dysfunction: Signs, Symptoms, and Complications

At one point or another, most adult men will have fuss getting or keeping an erection long enough to have sex. This normally resolves on its own with little or no discussion. however, when it becomes an ongoing problem, it is called erectile dysfunction ( ED ) .

ED can be caused by a forcible trouble, an emotional problem, or a combination of both. many men are hesitant to see a doctor for their ED. however, when it happens regularly it can affect your personal life and overall health .

This article discusses the causes and symptoms of erectile dysfunction along with how it is diagnosed, how it is treated, and when you should see your doctor of the church.

Erectile Dysfunction Symptoms

erectile dysfunction is a common trouble among men, affecting approximately 30 million men in the United States. ED typically develops over time, although it can happen suddenly for apparently no reason at all .

It is not ED when it happens on juncture, for example, after a night of several drinks or even during a workweek when you are experiencing severe try. however, it may be erectile dysfunction when it happens 25 % of the prison term or more .

The primary coil symptoms of erectile dysfunction are :

  • Difficulty getting an erection: The inability to get a firm enough erection to have sex when you desire it.
  • Difficulty keeping an erection: The inability to keep an erection firm for long enough to complete sex or truly enjoy it.

other physical symptoms of ED that you could experience include :

For many men, ED besides causes emotional and psychological distress. ED can affect your relationships and your self-esteem, and may lead to feelings of guilt, embarrassment, shame, or early difficult emotions .


A blend of forcible and psychological factors may contribute to ED. For case, a physical ailment could impede your body ’ randomness ability to get an erection. This may create anxiety and far compound the problem of ED .


intimate arousal is a complex bodily affair influenced by a combination of old age, hormones, stress, emotions, the anxious system, brawn tone, circulation, and more .

The most park cause of erectile dysfunction is arteriosclerosis—a condition in which the arteries harden. With ED, arteriosclerosis may begin in the penile arteries then advance until it affects the arteries that supply the heart with blood .

early factors and conditions that could lead to erectile dysfunction include :

risk Factors

erectile dysfunction can be its own circumstance, but in many cases it is a symptom of another underlie condition .

Your hazard of developing erectile dysfunction is higher if you have one of more of the follow :

Increasing age is a big risk factor for erectile dysfunction a well. An calculate 8 % of men between the ages of 40 and 49, and 76 % of men older than 75 have ED. Increasing historic period is besides a hazard factor for several conditions listed above, including prostate cancer, high lineage blackmail, and heart disease.

man with erectile dysfunction are 33 % more likely than men without ED to have a comorbid stipulate, so it ‘s important to be proactive by getting screened for refer conditions if you have ED symptoms .


The keystone to resolving ED is finding and treating the underlying induce american samoa early as possible. Your doctor will probably utilize four types of procedures to find out why you are experiencing ED .

first base, your sophisticate may begin by asking you about your medical and sexual history. They may ask about your arouse drive, how long you have been having symptoms, and whether or not you are able to ejaculate or achieve orgasm .

From there, your sophisticate will move forward with a physical examination to check for problems with your hormones, skittish system, circulation, or early forcible characteristics .

next, your sophisticate may order a blood test, urine analysis, or early lab tests to measure your hormone levels and cholesterol. They will besides check for elevated railway levels of liver enzymes, which can tell them if there is inflammation in your body .

ultimately, your doctor may want to perform a psychosocial examination to evaluate your mental health and ensure that your ED is n’t caused by emotional or psychological distress of some kind .

There is no need to feel any shame throughout this process. Rest assured that your doctor has probably seen and heard it all before, so it ‘s best to be honest. Your doctor ‘s sole focus is to diagnose you by rights and get you well on your way.

Erectile Dysfunction Doctor Discussion Guide

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Your doctor will determine your treatment based on several factors, including your age and overall health, your aesculapian history, and your treatment preferences .

If a separate condition underlies your ED, resolving that condition will credibly be your doctor ‘s first concern .

For model, if your sophisticate finds that a hormone irregularity is causing your erectile dysfunction, they may recommend hormone substitution therapy. In particular, you may be given testosterone substitute therapy if your testosterone is abject. This therapy may be injected, applied locally to the skin, or taken via a skin piece .

If treating the fundamental condition does n’t resolve your ED, or if you do n’t have an underlie stipulate to start with, you may be prescribed one of the come ED medications :

  • Viagra (sildenafil)
  • Levitra (vardenafil)
  • Cialis (tadalafil)
  • Stendra (avanafil)

These medications do come with risk of side effects. To lower your risk, make sure you are clear with your doctor about any other prescription or nonprescription drugs you are already taking .

finally, if you and your sophisticate have exhausted all other treatment options yet you are silent experiencing ED, your doctor may recommend a penile prosthesis, which can simulate an erection whenever you desire. There are two types :

An inflatable penile prosthesis is a pump with a saline-filled reservoir that is surgically implanted in your penis and scrotum. Opening the valve to the reservoir will create an erection ; upon releasing the valve, your penis will become flaccid .

A semi-rigid penile prosthesis consists of two bendable rods that are implanted into your penis, which you will be able to manually straighten or bend as needed .

Both types of penile implant surgeries have a high patient satisfaction rate and are considered safe. however, as is the font with any operating room, there is constantly a risk of complications, including uncontrolled bleed and wound infection.

ED may be temp or it may last for several years. According to a study published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine, ED has an average absolution rate of 25 % within five years .


erectile dysfunction is a identical coarse condition, particularly among older adult men. The stipulate may result from a physical injury or disease, emotional or psychological distress, or a combination of both.

Because ED is associated with numerous comorbid conditions, it ‘s significant to see your sophisticate if you have trouble getting or keeping an erecting. Your sophisticate may use physical and psychological procedures and lab tests to find the lawsuit of your ED .

A Word From Verywell

Despite how coarse erectile dysfunction is, many men feel profoundly uncomfortable talking about it with their sexual partner ( randomness ). Being unable to communicate your needs will only place far stress on your kinship, slow your curative, and make it difficult for you to cope .

Be honest and open with your collaborator when discussing your ED. Listen to what they have to say. You might barely find that there are other exciting ways to give and receive sexual pleasure, evening when intercourse is not an option.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What happens physically when a man has erectile dysfunction?

    typically there ‘s a miss of rake flow to the penis or the penis is n’t able to trap and hold blood farseeing enough to sustain an erection. Either can happen for a kind of underlying health conditions that affect the circulative system, such as high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, or certain cancer treatments.

  • How can I tell if I have ED?

    There are three criteria for erectile dysfunction :

    • Ability to get an erection sometimes when you want to have sex but not always, or
    • Ability to get an erection but unable to keep it, or
    • Being unable to get an erection under any circumstance
  • Is there a self-test for erectile dysfunction?

    There is no diagnostic test for ED. On juncture, a urologist will have a affected role do a nocturnal penile tumescence ( NPT ) quiz, which can indicate if he is having spontaneous erections during sleep, or a penile plethysmograph, which evaluates blood flow to the penis in answer to arousing material. Both can help determine if a physical condition is amply or partially responsible for erectile dysfunction.

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