Hemorrhoids

Summary

What are hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are swollen, kindle veins around your anus or the lower part of your rectum. There are two types :

  • External hemorrhoids, which form under the skin around your anus
  • Internal hemorrhoids, which form in the lining of your anus and lower rectum

What causes hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids happen when there is besides much pressure on the veins around the anus. This can be caused by :

  • Straining during bowel movements
  • Sitting on the toilet for long periods of time
  • Chronic constipation or diarrhea
  • A low-fiber diet
  • Weakening of the supporting tissues in your anus and rectum. This can happen with aging and pregnancy.
  • Frequently lifting heavy objects

What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids?

The symptoms of hemorrhoids depend on which character you have :

Reading: Hemorrhoids

With external hemorrhoids, you may have :

  • Anal itching
  • One or more hard, tender lumps near your anus
  • Anal pain, especially when sitting

excessively a lot strain, rubbing, or cleaning around your anus may make your symptoms worse. For many people, the symptoms of external hemorrhoids go away within a few days .
With home hemorrhoids, you may have :

  • Bleeding from your rectum – you would see bright red blood in your stool, on toilet paper, or in the toilet bowl after a bowel movement
  • Prolapse, which is a hemorrhoid that has fallen through your anal opening

Internal hemorrhoids are normally not afflictive unless they are prolapsed. Prolapsed home hemorrhoids may cause annoyance and discomfort.

How can I treat hemorrhoids at home?

You can most frequently treat your hemorrhoids at home by :

  • Eating foods that are high in fiber
  • Taking a stool softener or a fiber supplement
  • Drinking enough fluids every day
  • Not straining during bowel movements
  • Not sitting on the toilet for long periods of time
  • Taking over-the-counter pain relievers
  • Taking warm baths several times a day to help relieve pain. This could be a regular bath or a sitz bath. With a sitz bath, you use a special plastic tub that allows you to sit in a few inches of warm water.
  • Using over-the-counter hemorrhoid creams, ointments, or suppositories to relieve mild pain, swelling, and itching of external hemorrhoids

When do I need to see a health care provider for hemorrhoids?

You should see your health care provider if you :

  • Still have symptoms after 1 week of at-home treatment
  • Have bleeding from your rectum. Hemorrhoids are a common cause of bleeding, but other conditions can also cause bleeding. They include Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, colorectal cancer, and anal cancer. So it’s important to see your provider to find the cause of the bleeding.

How are hemorrhoids diagnosed?

To make a diagnosis, your health caution provider :

  • Will ask about your medical history
  • Will do a physical exam. Often providers can diagnose external hemorrhoids by looking at the area around your anus.
  • Will do a digital rectal exam to check for internal hemorrhoids. For this, the provider will insert a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to feel for anything that is abnormal.
  • May do procedures such as an anoscopy to check for internal hemorrhoids

What are the treatments for hemorrhoids?

If at-home treatments for hemorrhoids do n’t help you, you may need a checkup procedure. There are several different procedures that your provider can do in the office. These procedures use different techniques to cause scratch tissue to form in the hemorrhoids. This cuts off the rake provide, which normally shrinks the hemorrhoids. In dangerous cases, you may need surgery .

Can hemorrhoids be prevented?

You can help prevent hemorrhoids by :

  • Eating foods that are high in fiber
  • Taking a stool softener or a fiber supplement
  • Drinking enough fluids every day
  • Not straining during bowel movements
  • Not sitting on the toilet for long periods of time

national institutes of health : National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

reference : https://www.bestofcalgary.city
Category : Health

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