Abdominal Pain: Causes, Types, and Prevention


Abdominal pain is annoyance that occurs between the thorax and pelvic regions. abdominal pain can be crampy, aching, dull, intermittent or sharp. It ’ second besides called a stomachache. inflammation or diseases that affect the organs in the abdomen can cause abdominal pain. major organs located in the abdomen include :

  • intestines (small and large)
  • kidneys
  • appendix (a part of the large intestine)
  • spleen
  • stomach
  • gallbladder
  • liver
  • pancreas

Viral, bacterial, or parasitic infections that affect the stomach and intestines may besides cause significant abdominal pain.

Types of abdominal pain

abdominal annoyance can be described as localized, cramp-like, or colicky. Localized pain is limited to one area of the abdomen. This type of trouble is frequently caused by problems in a especial electric organ. The most common campaign of localized pain is stomach ulcers ( open sores on the inner lining of the stomach ). Cramp-like pain may be associated with diarrhea, stultification, bloat, or flatulence. In women, it can be associated with menstruation, miscarriage, or complications in the female generative organs. This pain comes and goes, and may wholly subside on its own without treatment. Colicky annoyance is a symptom of more dangerous conditions, such as gallstones or kidney stones. This annoyance occurs on the spur of the moment and may feel like a hard brawn spasm.

When to see the doctor

Mild abdominal pain may go away without treatment. however, in some cases, abdominal pain may warrant a slip to the doctor. Call 911 if your abdominal pain is hard and associated with trauma ( from an accident or injury ) or imperativeness or annoyance in your thorax. You should seek immediate aesculapian care if the pain is sol austere that you can ’ thyroxine ride still or need to curl into a ball to get comfortable, or if you have any of the come :

  • bloody stools
  • high fever (greater than 101°F)
  • vomiting up blood (called hematemesis)
  • persistent nausea or vomiting
  • yellowing of the skin or eyes
  • swelling or severe tenderness of the abdomen
  • difficulty breathing

Make an appointment with your repair if you experience any of the follow symptoms :

  • abdominal pain that lasts longer than 24 hours
  • prolonged constipation
  • vomiting
  • a burning sensation when you urinate
  • fever
  • loss of appetite
  • unexplained weight loss

Call your doctor if you ’ rhenium fraught or breastfeed and you experience abdominal pain. If you don ’ thyroxine already have a gastroenterologist, the Healthline FindCare cock can help you find a doctor in your area.

How is the cause of abdominal pain diagnosed?

The campaign of abdominal pain can be diagnosed through a series of tests. Before ordering tests, your doctor will do a physical interrogation. This includes gently pressing down on respective areas of your abdomen to check for affection and well. This information, combined with the austereness of the trouble and its location within the abdomen, will help your doctor of the church specify which tests to order. Imaging tests, such as MRI scans, ultrasounds, and X-rays, are used to view organs, tissues, and other structures in the abdomen in detail. These tests can help diagnose tumors, fractures, ruptures, and inflammation. other tests include :

  • colonoscopy (to look inside the colon and intestines)
  • endoscopy (to detect inflammation and abnormalities in the esophagus and stomach)
  • upper GI (a special X-ray test that uses contrast dye to check for the presence of growths, ulcers, inflammation, blockages, and other abnormalities in the stomach)

blood, urine, and stool samples may besides be collected to look for testify of bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections.

How can I prevent abdominal pain?

not all forms of abdominal pain are preventable. however, you can minimize the risk of developing abdominal pain by doing the following :

  • Eat a healthy diet.
  • Drink water frequently.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Eat smaller meals.

If you have an intestinal disorder, such as Crohn ’ randomness disease, follow the diet your doctor of the church has given you to minimize discomfort. If you have GERD, don ’ t feed within two hours of bedtime. Lying down besides soon after eating may cause heartburn and abdominal trouble. Try waiting at least two hours after eating before lying down .

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