Symptoms of UTIs
The symptoms of a bladder infection tend to come on abruptly and include :
- painful urination and a burning sensation
- needing to urinate frequently
- sudden urges to empty your bladder, called urinary urgency
- pain in your central lower abdomen, just above the pubic bone
- blood in your urine
Symptoms of a UTI that involves the kidneys include the be, in addition to the preceding ones :
- pain in your sides or back that doesn’t change when you change position
- fever and chills
- nausea and vomiting
certain symptoms in addition to those of a UTI could mean you have a prostate infection ( prostatitis ). These include :
- difficulty urinating or “dribbling”
- pain in your pelvis or the area between your rectum and scrotum (perineum)
Causes of UTIs
Most UTIs are caused by the bacteria Escherichia coli ( E. coli ), which is naturally present in your body. The bacteria gets into the urinary tract through the urethra. The urethra is the tube that drains urine from your bladder through your penis. UTIs are more common in women than in men because their urethra is shorter and the bacteria need to travel a shorter distance to reach their bladder. It ’ s improbable for a valet to catch a UTI from having arouse with a woman, because the infection is typically from bacteria already portray in the man ’ mho urinary tract. UTIs in men are more common with older old age. One reason is that older men are more likely to develop noncancerous expansion of their prostate gland gland, called benign prostate hyperplasia. The prostate wraps around the neck of the bladder, where the urethra connects to the bladder. enlargement of the prostate gland gland can choke off the bladder neck, making it harder for urine to flow freely. If the bladder doesn ’ t vacate completely, bacteria that are normally flushed out with the urine might gain a foothold. other factors that can put you at greater risk for UTIs include the watch :
- being immobile for long periods
- not drinking enough fluids
- recent urinary tract surgery
- being uncircumcised
- fecal incontinence
- engaging in anal intercourse, which exposes the urethra to more bacteria
To diagnose a UTI, your sophisticate will examine you and ask about symptoms, including any by history of UTIs. You may be asked to provide a urine sample distribution to check for pus and bacteria. The presence of plutonium powerfully points to a UTI. If your doctor suspects an exaggerated prostate gland gland, they may do a digital rectal examination, using a gloved feel to feel your prostate gland gland through the wall of your rectum.
Treatment for UTIs
If you have a UTI, you will need to take antibiotic medications. Depending on the type of antibiotic your doctor order, you will take the pills either once or twice a day for five to seven or more days. It ’ second besides significant to drink adequate fluids. You may be tempted to reduce your fluid intake if make is uncomfortable. micturition can help flush the bacteria from your system. Stay hydrated and make often while taking your antibiotics. many people drink cranberry juice during UTIs in hopes of clearing the infection. lab experiments with mouse showed that respective substances in cranberry juice lowered bacteria count in the bladder. however, there is no solid attest that drink in cranberry juice during a UTI eliminates the infection or speeds convalescence. Learn more about the benefits of cranberry juice.
Recovering from UTIs
After starting antibiotics, you should feel perceptibly well within two to three days. If your symptoms don ’ thyroxine clear up after taking antibiotics, see your doctor of the church. It ’ mho crucial to finish all antibiotics prescribed, even if you ’ ra feeling better. Stopping your antibiotics prematurely can encourage growth of bacteria repellent to common antibiotics. In effect, less than the full course of treatment kills off the “ decrepit ” bacteria, leaving the stronger and more immune strains.
To prevent UTIs, the most authoritative thing is to reduce the prospect of bacteria invading your urinary tract. Steps you can take include the following :
- Urinate when you feel the need. Don’t “hold it in.”
- Drink adequate fluids. For most people, that means drinking when thirsty and drinking during meals. When it’s hot and you’re active in hot weather, drink a little extra water. All fluids count toward being sufficiently hydrated, including soft drinks, coffee, and tea. Learn more about daily water intake recommendations.
- During toileting, wipe from front to back.
- Keep your genital area clean and dry.
UTIs in men are less park than in women but have similar causes and treatment. Taking antibiotic medications normally clears the infection in five to seven days. man who have prolonged UTIs, or UTIs that come back frequently, should be evaluated by a doctor for conditions like an infection in their prostate gland ( prostatitis ).