Urinary tract infection (UTI) in men: Symptoms, causes, and treatment

We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small perpetration. here ’ s our process. A urinary tract infection is an infection caused by bacteria in any separate of the urinary system, which is made up of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra.

Most urinary tract infections ( UTIs ) affect the bladder and the urethra, which is the metro that drains urine from the bladder to outside the body. Although a UTI is one of the most coarse infections in women, it is rare in men. UTIs are estimated to affect around 3 percentage of men worldwide each class. This means that most men will have never had a UTI, particularly if they are young. When a UTI develops in men, it is normally considered complicated and more likely to spread to the kidneys and amphetamine urinary nerve pathway. Some cases may evening require operating room. We learn more about this condition, including its symptoms and treatment options, in this article .

Symptoms

man with hands over crutch plowshare on PinterestA frequent urge to urinate is one of the symptoms of a UTI. serviceman with UTIs may have no signs or symptoms of the infection. however, when symptoms do occur, they can include :

  • pain during urination
  • frequent urge to urinate
  • inability to start urinating
  • a slow urine stream or urine leakage
  • a sudden need to urinate
  • the release of only small amounts of urine at a time
  • blood in urine
  • pain in the central lower part of the abdomen
  • cloudy urine with a strong odor

man with complicated UTIs can besides experience one or more of the succeed symptoms :

  • fever
  • chills
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • back pain

These symptoms are signs that the disease has spread to the kidneys or the upper urinary tract. An infection that has spread hera is a more serious trouble that requires prompt treatment.

Causes and risk factors

UTIs are caused by bacteria. Older men have a higher risk of having a UTI, particularly if they are after the age of 50. Most cases in older men are caused by the bacteria known as Escherichia coli, which is naturally present in the body. Cases similar to UTIs in younger men are typically caused by sexually transmitted infections ( STIs ). A UTI develops when the bacteria gets into the urinary tract through the urethra and starts breed. As men have longer urethras than women, they are less prone to UTIs because bacteria need to travel a longer distance to reach the bladder. UTIs are four times more common in women than in men. A person ’ south gamble of developing a UTI increases if they have :

  • diabetes
  • kidney stones
  • an enlarged prostate
  • an abnormal narrowing of the urethra
  • an inability to voluntarily control urination
  • an inability to empty the bladder completely
  • not drunk enough liquids
  • not been circumcised
  • a past diagnosis of a UTI
  • urinary tract abnormalities that prevent urine from leaving the body normally or cause urine to back up in the urethra
  • had anal intercourse, which can expose the urethra to bacteria
  • a health condition or taking medication that suppresses the immune system
  • had a procedure involving instrumentation on the urinary tract

Examples of these procedures include the insertion of a tube to drain the bladder, or a little television camera, known as a cystoscopy, to examine the bladder and urethra .

Can men get UTIs from women?

man can get UTIs from women during sexual activity, by getting the bacteria from a woman with the infection. however, this is improbable. typically, the infection arises from bacteria that are already present in the man ’ s soundbox .

Diagnosis

share on PinterestA physician may carry out a urine dipstick test to identify a UTI. A doctor can diagnose a UTI by carrying out a physical examen, taking a medical history, and through lab tests. Physical examination The doctor may perform a physical examination that includes :

  • checking the vital signs
  • checking the abdomen, bladder area, sides, and back for pain or swelling
  • examining the genitals

Medical history The doctor may ask if the person has had other UTIs in the past, or a family history of UTIs. They may besides question the person about their symptoms. Laboratory tests testing ground tests are required to diagnose the contagion as the symptoms of a UTI can be coarse to early diseases.

A urine sample is normally needed to look for the presence of pus and the bacteria causing the infection. homo may be asked to give a urine sample. A man will need to start the urine current to clean the urethra, and then collect a midstream sample in a cup. As bacteria reproduce promptly at room temperature, this urine sample is either send to the testing ground immediately or kept refrigerated until subsequently. The doctor of the church may besides ask for a urine screen strip, besides known as a urine dipstick test. This is a quick quiz in which a plastic or paper decoration is dipped into the urine sample and then removed. If the person has a UTI, the ribbon will turn a finical discolor. To obtain the best results for this test, the doctor will probably request that a person does it first base thing in the dawn. Other medical exams For people with a history of kidney stones, diabetes, polycystic kidneys, or tuberculosis, the doctor may besides require imaging exams.

Treatment

UTIs in men are normally complicated and require treatment. The goal of treatment is to prevent the infection from spreading to the kidneys or the upper berth urinary tract. The type of treatment used depends on the induce of the infection. treatment plans normally include antibiotic medications to kill the bacteria and drugs to reduce the person ’ s symptoms, including those of pain and bite while urinating. The duration of treatment can vary between 3 days and 6 weeks, depending on complicating factors, though a minimum of 7 days is normally warranted .

Prescription medications

medicine prescribed by a doctor may include :

  • antibiotics, such as nitrofurantoin (Macrobid), fluoroquinolones, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim), fosfomycin, or aminoglycosides
  • medications to reduce the fever
  • medications to reduce or eliminate pain, including urinary analgesics such as phenazopyridine

Those with more complicate infections may require surgery. This can involve either draining areas of the urinary tract that are causing the infection, or removing kindle areas of weave.

Home remedies

In summation to treatment from doctors, the follow home remedies may help with treating an infection :

  • Drinking plenty of liquids, especially water. This is important to stimulate urination and flush the bacteria from the body.
  • Drinking cranberry juice. Although it is not scientifically proven that cranberry juice is effective against UTIs, it contains substances that make it difficult for bacteria to stay in the urinary tract, helping to flush it out. Cranberry juice is available for purchase online.

Prevention

share on PinterestNot drinking sufficient liquids raises the risk of a urinary tract infection. man can take a serial of actions to reduce the risk of getting a UTI, such as :

  • emptying the bladder often
  • drinking plenty of liquids, especially water
  • carefully cleaning the area under the foreskin after showering if not circumcised
  • carefully cleaning the genitals before and after sex, to remove bacteria
  • cleaning from front to back when toileting
  • wearing condoms during sex. Condoms are available for purchase online.
  • urinating after sex, to remove any bacteria that might have been passed during intercourse

Outlook

UTIs are rare in adult men. This is chiefly due to the longer length of the male urethra, and because the antibacterial properties of prostate fluid prevent bacteria from growing. The incidence of the infection increases with old age.

The clinical symptoms of UTIs in men are similar to women and include atrocious, pressing, and frequent micturition. UTIs in men are normally complicated and warrant at least 7 days of antibiotic treatment to prevent complications .

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