What’s It Like to Live With One Kidney?

Most people have two kidneys, but some only have one. There are three main reasons why this could be :

  1. A person is born with only one kidney .

    • About one in 750 people is born with alone one kidney. The aesculapian term for this circumstance, which is more common in men than women, is nephritic agenesis. Usually it ’ s the left kidney that is missing. Because it is possible to be healthy with one kidney, some people don ’ thymine find out they have one missing until it ’ second discovered on an x-ray or sonogram. ( In another discipline called nephritic dysplasia, the second kidney is award but does not function by rights. )
  2. A kidney has been removed due to health problems.

    • A nephrectomy — the surgical removal of a kidney — can be necessary if a kidney has been damaged by cancer or another disease, or injured in an accident .
  3. A person donates a kidney .

    • Every year, thousands of people donate one of their kidneys to person in motivation of a goodly one. The recipient is much a blood relative or person who ’ s close to the donor, such as a spouse or supporter. approximately 87,000 kidneys from living donors were donated from 1988-2008 .

What precautions should people take if they have one kidney?

much of the advice that applies to living with one kidney goes for everybody : eat correct, exercise, sustain a healthy weight, stay hydrated and get regular repair checkup. however, there are special precautions that should be taken by person surviving with a single kidney :

  • Blood pressure – People with one kidney may be at risk for high lineage pressure. They should check their rake pressure frequently and consult a doctor about how to keep it under control. Telling the sophisticate that they only have one kidney before starting any rake blackmail medication is authoritative, because some drugs are more kidney-friendly than others .
  • GFR efficiency – The glomerular filtration rate ( GFR ) measures how well the kidney ( s ) remove waste from the bloodstream. This pace should be monitored to make certain the unmarried kidney is functioning properly. A doctor calculates the GFR with a formula that takes into report a person ’ south age, gender and serum creatinine, a measurement of godforsaken in the lineage due to muscle cell employee turnover. once GFR is calculated, the patient finds out whether they have kidney disease and if so what stage it is at, and can take the necessary precautions to keep the kidney american samoa healthy as potential .
  • Protein intake – albuminuria is a discipline in which besides much protein leaks from the lineage into the urine. People living with one kidney can be susceptible to proteinuria. If an excess of protein is being lost from the blood, the body will retain fluent and sodium, causing swelling in the ankles or abdomen. In order to prevent or treat proteinuria, people should talk to their doctor about whether or not they need to reduce the protein in their diet .
  • Participating in contact sports – When alone one kidney is stage, it often becomes enlarged from the increased work it does. Studies have shown that a individual kidney can do american samoa much as 40 % more oeuvre than when it ’ randomness partially of a copulate. Protecting a individual kidney is necessity. consult with a doctor before engaging in sports or activities that could result in injury to the lone kidney. The repair may suggest wearing equipment to protect the kidney, or advise which sports to play and which ones to avoid.

What happens if the kidney starts to fail?

Symptoms of kidney failure include :

  • Swelling in the face or ankles
  • Changes in urine frequency/color or a foamy appearance
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Changes in the taste of food
  • Numbness in the fingers or toes
  • Fatigue or exhaustion

person who experiences such symptoms must visit a doctor. If kidney function is failing and a person develops end stage nephritic disease ( ESRD ), there are two options : dialysis and kidney transfer. There are many types of dialysis to choose from, including in-center hemodialysis, home hemodialysis ( HHD ), peritoneal dialysis ( PD ) and in-center nocturnal hemodialysis. The affected role and doctor should discuss which is best for the affected role ’ sulfur life style. even patients who opt for a kidney graft may have to go on dialysis while waiting for a match .

Summary

many people with one kidney can live basically the same as those with two. The remaining kidney is frequently able to compensate for its missing counterpart. a retentive as such people eat sanely, get batch of exercise, monitor their lineage press and receive regular checkups, they can expect to lead a healthy life with lone one kidney. even if the lone kidney stops functioning, treatment options are available .

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