Liver Disease Terms & Definitions

Albumin
A protein made in the liver that assists in maintaining lineage volume in the arteries and veins. If the liver is damaged, then the albumin can drop to identical broken levels, which may cause fluid to leak into the tissues from the rake vessels, resulting in edema or swelling. In acute liver failure, there is an accumulation of fluent in the abdomen that is known as “ ascites ” .
Ascites
A large, abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen that can occur due to liver failure, cirrhosis and liver cancer. This condition requires immediate medical attention.

Cholate
The major basal bile acid produced in the liver that facilitates fat absorption and cholesterol elimination .
Cirrhosis
A serious liver condition characterized by irreversible scar of the liver-colored that can lead to liver failure and end. Alcohol and chronic viral hepatitis ( such as chronic hepatitis B and C ) can cause continuous ignition of the liver, which can lead to excess scratch constitution or fibrosis. Scarring results in the loss of liver cells and impairs liver function .
Decompensation
Term for describing the development of measurable deterioration or clinical complicatedness in patients with chronic liver disease .
Encephalopathy
serious genius function abnormalities experienced by some patients with advance liver disease. Symptoms most normally include confusion, disorientation, insomnia, and may progress to a coma .
Endoscopy
A checkup routine where a doctor puts a tube-like instrument into the body to look inside. Unlike most other checkup visualize devices, endoscopes are inserted immediately into the electric organ. There are many types of endoscopy, each of which is designed for looking at a certain part of the body .
Enzymes
naturally occurring chemical substances in the homo body that help a chemical reaction take seat .
Fibrosis
Growth of hempen tissue in the liver where there is normally liver cellular telephone damage or end. fibrosis can lead to cirrhosis, an even more dangerous liver disease .
Gastroenterology
The field of medicine that focuses on the function and disorders of the GI system, which includes the esophagus, abdomen, pancreas, intestines, and liver .
Hemochromatosis
hemochromatosis is a disorder that interferes with the consistency ’ s ability to break down iron, and results in excessively much iron being absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract.

Hepatic Impairment
Liver bankruptcy is the inability of the liver to perform its normal synthetic and metabolic affair as part of normal physiology .
Hepatic Venous Pressure Gradient (HVPG)
presently, the most normally used argument to immediately measure portal imperativeness is the Hepatic Venous Pressure Gradient ( HVPG ). HVPG represents the gradient between pressures in the portal vein vein and the intra-abdominal fortune of deficient vein cava .
Hepatitis B
once called “ serum hepatitis ”, it is caused by the hepatitis B virus ( HBV ). It is spread chiefly through blood, unprotected sex, shared needles, and from an infect mother to her neonate during the delivery process. There is a safe vaccine for HBV .
Hepatitis C
once known as “ non-A, non-B hepatitis ”, it is caused by the hepatitis C virus ( HCV ). It is spread through infect blood, primarily in those who use illicit street drugs and those who received blood transfusions anterior to 1992 ( the first year that a lineage test for HCV became available for screening the blood provide ). There is no vaccine .
Hepatology
Hepatology is the medical peculiarity focusing on treatment of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the liver. Hepatology is a subspecialty of internal music, and is frequently practiced in conjunction with gastroenterology, another subspecialty of inner medicine. Hepatologists treat liver diseases such as all types of hepatitis, and cirrhosis of the liver .
Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS)
An analytic chemistry proficiency that combines the physical separation capabilities of liquid chromatography ( or HPLC ) with the mass analysis capabilities of mass spectroscopy. LC-MS is a herculean technique with has very high sensitivity and specificity. Generally its application is oriented towards the specific detection and electric potential identification of chemicals in the presence of other chemicals ( in a building complex concoction ) .
Liver Biopsy
The removal of a small piece of tissue from the liver using a special needle. The weave is examined under a microscope to look for the presence of inflammation or liver damage .
Portal Circulation
portal Circulation refers to the circulation of the blood from the humble intestine to the liver, via the portal site vein .
Portal Vein

The liverwort portal site vein is a vein in the abdominal cavity that drains blood from the gastrointestinal tract and spleen to the liver .
Varices
hypertrophied veins within the gastrointestinal tract that form as a consequence of cirrhosis .

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