This article covers the basics of a liver-colored cirrhosis diet, including what it is, how it works, and whether it ’ s proper for you . share on PinterestStefania Pelfini, La Waziya Photography/Getty Images
About the diet
Liver cirrhosis is a condition characterized by scarring of the liver-colored. This can lead to impair liver officiate and early side effects, including fatigue duty, loss of appetite, weight loss, and nausea ( 2 ). cirrhosis has several causes, including liver disease, hepatitis, heart failure, sealed autoimmune disorders, and excessive alcohol consumption. It can besides be caused by nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, a circumstance linked to fleshiness and type 2 diabetes ( 2 ). thankfully, if you ’ ve received this diagnosis, following a liver cirrhosis diet can help you get the nutrients you need, protect against far liver price, and prevent long-run complications ( 3, 4 ). Keep in beware that nutritional recommendations vary depending on several factors. While this article covers some basic guidelines for a liver cirrhosis diet, it ’ s best to work with your sophisticate or dietician to find a discussion plan tailored to your specific needs .
summary Liver cirrhosis is a circumstance characterized by scarring of the liver. Following a liver cirrhosis diet can help supply your torso with the authoritative nutrients it needs and prevent far damage to your liver .
How to follow the diet
If you have liver cirrhosis, it ’ south crucial to get enough calories and eminent quality protein each day. This can help prevent malnutrition and preserve lean body multitude — the separate of your soundbox that international relations and security network ’ triiodothyronine fatten. The general recommendation is to eat 16–18 calories and 0.45–0.68 grams of protein per hammer ( 0.45 kilogram ) of consistency weight per day ( 5 ). For character, this means that a person who weighs 150 pounds ( 68 kilogram ) should consume 2,400–2,700 calories and 68–102 grams of protein per day. People with cirrhosis should prioritize high protein foods and incorporate both plant- and animal-based protein sources into their diet. Adding protein to every meal and nosh can increase your overall protein intake and may help prevent muscle loss ( 5, 6 ). still, more research is needed. When following a liver-colored cirrhosis diet, bearing to limit any foods and drinks that are unmanageable for the liver to procedure. In especial, limit your consumption of foods high in insalubrious fats such as trans fats, including fried foods and serve snacks. cirrhosis can impact your liver ’ mho ability to produce bile, which is needed for the digestion of fats. however, unprocessed fatness sources like nuts, salmon, and avocados are fine to enjoy in easing ( 3 ). You should besides avoid alcohol, which can worsen liver damage and scar. If you have trouble moderating your alcohol inhalation or contend with alcohol dependence, don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate hesitate to talk with your doctor and necessitate for help ( 7 ). Because cirrhosis can impair your immune serve, it ’ s besides good to avoid naked or undercooked kernel, eggs, and seafood. otherwise, you run a higher risk of foodborne illness or infection ( 8 ). In some cases, your sophisticate may besides advise that you limit your consumption of sodium to prevent ascites. Ascites is a common complicatedness of cirrhosis, characterized by abnormal fluid buildup in the abdomen ( 9 ). Because cirrhosis can increase your protein needs and impact your liver ’ second ability to store carbohydrates, eating several small protein- and carb-rich meals and snacks throughout the day may besides be beneficial ( 5, 10 ). last, certain vitamins or minerals may help manage your condition, since people with cirrhosis may be at a higher risk of deficiencies in nutrients such as zinc, vitamin D, vitamin K, and B vitamins ( 3 ). For specific addendum recommendations that suit your health and needs, talk with your repair ( 3 ) .
summary A liver cirrhosis diet should provide batch of calories and high choice protein. You may besides need to limit unhealthy fats, alcohol, raw kernel and seafood, and high sodium foods .
Foods to eat and avoid
Although demand dietary recommendations vary depending on your health and needs, there are some cosmopolitan guidelines on which foods to eat and avoid when following a liver cirrhosis diet .
Foods to eat
A all-around liver cirrhosis diet should consist largely of nutrient-dense foods like fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, and legumes. here are a few examples of foods to prioritize on a liver cirrhosis diet :
- Fruits: apples, oranges, berries, pears, peaches, plums
- Vegetables: broccoli, cauliflower, asparagus, tomatoes, peas, potatoes
- Protein foods: eggs, dairy products, seafood, lean cuts of meat and poultry
- Legumes: beans, lentils, chickpeas
- Nuts: walnuts, almonds, cashews, pistachios, macadamias
- Seeds: pumpkin seeds, flaxseed, chia seeds, hemp seeds
- Whole grains: quinoa, oats, brown rice, buckwheat
- Heart-healthy fats: olive oil, avocados, avocado oil, salmon, nuts, seeds
- Beverages: water, coffee, tea
- Herbs and spices: black pepper, cumin, dill, parsley, thyme
Foods to avoid
A liver cirrhosis diet should limit alcohol and foods high in insalubrious fats or sodium. here are some foods to avoid on a liver cirrhosis diet :
- Highly processed foods: fast food, convenience meals, canned soups, packaged snacks
- Unhealthy fats: margarine, vegetable shortening, fried foods
- Salty snacks: chips, crackers, pretzels, microwave popcorn
- Processed meats: hot dogs, sausage, deli meats, bacon, beef jerky
- High sodium condiments: soy sauce, teriyaki sauce, steak sauce, spaghetti sauce
- Undercooked foods: raw or undercooked meat, poultry, eggs, fish, oysters, or mussels
- Alcohol: wine, beer, spirits, cocktails
summary When on a liver cirrhosis diet, consume enough of nutrient-dense, minimally process ingredients like fruits, vegetables, unharmed grains, and legumes. meanwhile, limit alcohol, processed foods, and ingredients high in sodium and insalubrious fats .
Although liver-colored cirrhosis is not reversible, modifying your diet can help prevent complications. For example, limiting your consumption of salty foods can promote sodium balance and prevent fluid retentiveness and the consort condition ascites ( 11 ). foster, moderating your consumption of unhealthy fats can protect against steatorrhea, or excess fatty in the stool, which can be a sign of malabsorption in your gut ( 12 ). It ’ south significant to focus on getting enough calories and consuming a variety of foods. This helps prevent malnutrition, which is a common complication of cirrhosis ( 13 ). not alone can malnutrition increase the incidence and austereness of cirrhosis symptoms, but it can besides impair immune serve, decrease muscle multitude, slow weave mend, and reduce your choice of liveliness ( 13 ). last, it ’ mho important to get enough protein. Aim to consume plenty of high quality protein sources throughout the day, including foods like kernel, fish, poultry, dairy products, and legumes ( 5 ) .
summary Following a liver cirrhosis diet may prevent or improve certain complications and side effects of cirrhosis .
Depending on what your current diet looks like, transitioning to a liver cirrhosis diet may be slightly unmanageable. For exemplar, it can mean cutting down on foods and drinks you frequently eat and enjoy, such as packaged snacks, alcohol, or debauched food. Further, the restrictions can make dine at restaurants or eating in social situations more challenge. It may feel disheartening that because liver scarring can ’ thymine be reversed, you may need to follow the diet long-run to prevent promote damage. consequently, it ’ s a good idea to talk with your repair or a dietician to learn how to put together a diet that you ’ re not just able to stick to long-run but besides excited about. It ’ south significant to work close with a healthcare professional because liver cirrhosis is a complicate condition that may be accompanied by other conditions or complications. in concert, you can ensure your diet plan meets your consistency ’ s needs .
summary A liver-colored cirrhosis diet may be unmanageable to follow and normally needs to be followed long-run to prevent further liver damage. It besides requires you to work closely with a healthcare professional to tailor your diet to your specific needs .
Is it right for you?
While a diet plan based on the details above can be a good begin steer for those with liver-colored problems, it ’ south significant to besides work with a healthcare professional. They can help determine whether a liver-colored cirrhosis diet is mighty for you. They may recommend combining certain dietary changes with other treatments, such as prescription medications, certain aesculapian procedures, or life style changes like exercise or quitting smoking. additionally, they may advise you to take certain supplements to protect against nutritional deficiencies caused by cirrhosis and malabsorption .
summary If you have liver cirrhosis, it ’ second authoritative to talk with your doctor or a dietician to find a specific treatment plan that meets your needs .
The bottom line
Liver cirrhosis is a serious issue that causes irreversible scar of the liver. Making changes to your diet can be an effective way to protect against complications and prevent the disease from progressing. Be sure to work with a healthcare professional to find a course of treatment and diet design tailored to your needs .