Health promoting lifestyle of university students in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional assessment – BMC Public Health

Health-promoting life style among adolescents has received an increasing attention global. For example, studies conducted in United States ( US ) and european countries that evaluated the health-promoting behaviors of university students particularly their physical natural process and eating habits or diet [ 28, 29, 30 ]. however, health-promoting life style among university students in Saudi Arabia are limited. This present learn provides a glimpse of health-promoting life style among university students in Saudi Arabia. Our study besides assess the differences in these behaviors between students enrolled at health and non-health colleges. The results showed meaning differences between health and non-health colleges with regards to health province. only a small proportion of students in both colleges reported any strange signs or symptoms to a doctor or other health professional. This solution was exchangeable to a find by Chen et al., 2017 [ 31 ] ; these results could be explained by the fact that university students are relatively young and may not notice any unusual signs and symptoms, worry about their health condition, or consider themselves at risk. Another concern detect of this discipline was most of the students in both colleges had rarely asked questions to health professionals in decree to understand their instructions or even discussed health concerns with them. Acknowledging the function of health professionals in providing health information and department of education arsenic well as discussing health concerns illustrated the students ’ health duty in adopting a goodly life style [ 32 ]. Considering the importance of educational programs and support activities, our results showed that majority of the scholar in both colleges did not attend educational programs on health care which was contrary to a previous study in which university students participated in educational programs and some classify of support activities on health care [ 33 ]. Another significant difference between students in non-health and health colleges was noted in seeking guidance or guidance. Majority of students in health colleges reported seeking master guidance or steering when needed. These personal health attributes were previously noted as definitive indicators of the health condition of students [ 34 ]. Therefore, health promotion programs should place an emphasis on educating students in non-health colleges about the importance of counseling in maintaining their health. In relative to the floor of physical bodily process among students, our findings revealed a meaning deviation between colleges ; more students in health colleges followed a plan use program and took function in leisure clock time and physical activities than in non-health colleges. This might be due to the fact that these students have better health cognition, which was reflected positively in their exercise behavior. Our results indicated that a significant proportion of students exercised vigorously for 20 or more minutes at least three times a workweek. This solution was contrary to previous studies, which reported insufficient levels of vigorous recreational physical activeness and indicated increased suboptimal health condition among participants [ 35, 36, 37, 38 ]. The findings suggested that frequent engagement with recreational activities may be associated with better reports of health, physical and psychological wellbeing. In alike studies, those who exercised regularly showed better physical fitness, and perceived physical and psychological health [ 39 ]. furthermore, it was revealed that there were significant differences across reply waves of doing stretching use at least 3 times per week among the students in non-health and health colleges. This result is similar to a previous study where nurse students were tested for their consistency flexibility but not specify to stretching exercise [ 39 ]. interim, no significant deviation was found between students of both colleges and their response towards exercising during common activities. Moderate-intensity and vigorous-intensity exercises are required to achieve cardiovascular seaworthiness among university staff and students, and those who are physically active are more likely to pay attention to their health [ 40 ]. In our study, students in both colleges did not take separate in light to moderate physical activity. This leave was similar to a study in which female breastfeed students in Korea denied participating in regular drill [ 41 ].

In terms of health-promoting life style subscale eating habits, our results showed a significant difference in responses between students in non-health and health colleges in consumption of alimentary foods each day. The majority of the students in both colleges did not choose diets low in fat, saturated fat and cholesterol have shown that the majority of students are living with their families and such a set has been noted to be promoting of dependable dietary choices [ 42 ]. Despite this, the huge majority of students careless of their major did not opt for diets that are low in adipose tissue, which might indicate that they are consuming firm food products at higher rates. This consequence is reproducible with other local studies were students were found to have high consumption of high fatty food [ 5, 20 ]. This might be explained by the firm influence exerted by external factors on dietary choices, such factors include but are not limited to peers and the university environment where students spend a capital deal of fourth dimension. All students in our report reported broken intake of fruits and vegetables ; these results are in tune with earlier findings reported in local and international studies [ 16, 43, 44 ]. In contrast, inquiry on chinese students has showed higher consumption of fruits and vegetables [ 45 ]. This might be explained by the traditional eating habits in this area where fruits and vegetables are main components in their dishes ; on the other hand, the traditional Saudi diet is known to lack these essential ingredients. additionally, previous research has noted lack of prison term, lack of cognition and limit access to alimentary foods as barriers to healthy eat among university students [ 46 ]. medical students ampere well as those enrolled at health colleges are known to have time management issues due to their taut study schedules ; however, in our discipline even students at non-health colleges were not eating the commend come of fruits and vegetables. far probe is needed to ascertain the potential barriers confronted by our sample and consequently address them efficaciously.

Our salute analyze revealed that the huge majority of students are eating breakfast, which was consistent with the resultant role of a alike study on Saudi students [ 5 ]. besides, the results showed a significant dispute between colleges in relation to reading food labels. Students at health colleges reported more adherences to this practice ; this could be due to the fact that these students are exposed through their studies to valuable nutritional cognition in this regard. This line up indicates that more guidance and educational interventions should be provided to students enrolled at colleges where they are less likely to be informed about food contents.

These results emerged at this period during the university stage of students as bad health and nutrition activities such as insalubrious diet practices [ 41, 47 ]. More much, this health risk is primarily the solution of transitioning from, and secondary to third education secondary to increase hapless dietary choices [ 48, 49 ]. These unhealthy dietary deeds among participants raised a noteworthy health concern for being at risk for malnutrition and fleshiness. It was an unexpected leave that even students in health colleges reported unhealthy diet commit. The trouble is that in malice of their cognition about healthy eat, students still will choose diets that are eminent in sugars and fats. This finding indicates that more needs to be done to understand what compels students to make life style choices that go against their good judgment. More research into how the university environment impacts the decisiveness have of students may be helpful in conclusion that opening. In the present report, the model showed that gender, college, year in school, and kin structure were significant predictors of a sanitary life style of university students in Saudi Arabia. The results besides showed that males are more willing to engage in physical natural process than females. This is similar to early studies in Japan and Portugal where male participants reported higher physical bodily process than their female counterparts [ 50, 51 ]. This can be explained by cultural considerations such as the fact that Saudi females have more restrictions placed on them when it comes to doing physical activities than Saudi males. The analysis besides found that differences in colleges were significantly associated with increased likelihood of health duty of students. furthermore, female students were more concerned about diet and nutrition than male students. The findings were alike to former studies indicating that females were more mindful of health related concepts and acknowledged the connection between nutrition and health much more than males [ 45, 50 ]. class in educate was found to be a significant predictor for physical activity and exert. like to a former study in Japan, general education courses like physical department of education are offered in the preparatory year in Saudi Arabia and are no long included in the higher college levels [ 50 ]. This may be one of the reasons contributing to the increasingly sedentary life style of university students in Saudi Arabia. With gaze to family structure, it was found to be a significant predictor of participants ’ physical activity level. This leave was exchangeable to former studies signifying that a favorable health action is shown when both parents have higher educational grade and their children seek their support [ 33, 52 ]. several limitations should be addressed in future researchers related to this report. The cross-sectional design of this current learn did not explain causing and changes over prison term in health lifestyles among the participants which posed one limitation. Another limitation of the study was the sample was heavily slant towards towards female students, this can be explained that the majority of the students who participated were females and have more refer about the study. In addition, as all information gathered in this survey was based on self-reporting, it is potential that the university students gave answers they thought the researchers wanted to hear. Furthermore, the results can not be generalized to university students across the kingdom because its sampling proficiency is limited to one university .

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