High blood pressure (hypertension) – Treatment

This patient decision help ( PDF, 132kb ) can besides help you to understand your treatment options. Your GP can advise you about changes you can make to your life style and discuss whether they think you ‘d benefit from music. simple life style changes can help reduce high blood pressure, although some people may need to take medicine arsenic well. Your repair will carry out some lineage and urine tests, and ask questions about your health to determine your risk of other problems :

Whether music is besides recommend depends on your blood pressure reading and your risk of developing problems such as center attacks or strokes. Everyone with high lineage pressure is advised to make healthy life style changes. In fact, by making these changes early on you may be able to avoid need medicines. You can take these steps nowadays, careless of whether or not you ‘re taking rake atmospheric pressure medicines. Some of these will lower your lineage imperativeness in a matter of weeks, while others may take longer. There are some changes you could make to your life style to reduce high lineage press .

Medicines for high blood pressure

respective types of music can be used to help control high blood pressure. many people need to take a combination of different medicines .

  • if you’re under 55 years of age – you’ll usually be offered an ACE inhibitor or an angiotensin-2 receptor blocker (ARB)
  • if you’re aged 55 or older, or you’re any age and of African or Caribbean origin – you’ll usually be offered a calcium channel blocker

You may need to take blood press medicine for the respite of your life. But your sophisticate might be able to reduce or stop your treatment if your lineage pressure stays under command for respective years. It ‘s very important to take your music as directed. If you miss doses, it will not work equally well. The medicine will not inevitably make you feel any different, but this does not mean it ‘s not working. Medicines used to treat high rake pressure can have side effects, but most people do not get any. If you do get side effects, do not stop taking your medicine. Talk to your doctor, who may advise changing your medicate .

ACE inhibitors

Angiotensin-converting enzyme ( ACE ) inhibitors reduce rake pressure by relaxing your rake vessels. common examples are enalapril, lisinopril, perindopril and ramipril. The most common side consequence is a persistent dry cough. other possible side effects include headaches, dizziness and a rash.

Angiotensin-2 receptor blockers (ARBs)

ARBs shape in a like way to ACE inhibitors. They ‘re frequently commend if ACE inhibitors cause troublesome slope effects. coarse examples are candesartan, irbesartan, losartan, valsartan and olmesartan. potential side effects include dizziness, headaches, and cold or flu-like symptoms .

Coronavirus advice

If you have coronavirus ( COVID-19 ), or think you might have it, keep taking your lineage pressure medicines as usual. There is no clear evidence that taking angiotensin-converting enzyme ( ACE ) inhibitors or angiotensin-2 receptor blockers ( ARBs ) will cause complications .

Calcium channel blockers

Calcium channel blockers reduce blood pressure by widening your blood vessels. common examples are amlodipine, felodipine and nifedipine. other medicines, such as diltiazem and verapamil, are besides available. possible side effects include headaches, swell ankles and stultification. Drinking grapefruit juice while taking some calcium channel blockers can increase your risk of slope effects .

Diuretics

sometimes known as water pills, diuretics work by flushing overindulgence water and salt from the body through your urine. They ‘re frequently used if calcium channel blockers cause troublesome english effects. coarse examples are indapamide and bendroflumethiazide. potential side effects include dizziness when standing up, increased thirst, needing to go to the toilet frequently, and a foolhardy. You might besides get moo potassium and low sodium after long-run function .

Beta blockers

Beta blockers can reduce lineage pressure by making your heart beat more lento and with less push. They used to be a popular treatment for high rake pressure, but now tend to be used only when other treatments have not worked.

This is because beta blockers are considered less effective than other blood blackmail medicines. common examples are atenolol and bisoprolol. possible side effects include dizziness, headaches, fatigue, and cold hands and feet .

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