Lactose Intolerance (for Parents)

What Is Lactose Intolerance?

lactose intolerance is when person has trouble digesting lactose, a type of carbohydrate found in milk and early dairy foods .
If people with lactose intolerance eat dairy products, the lactose passes into their intestines, leading to accelerator, cramps, a bloat feel, and diarrhea .
Some people can have small amounts of dairy without problems. Others have a lot of stomach trouble and necessitate to avoid all dairy products. many foods, drinks, and digestive aids are available to help manage lactose intolerance .

What Happens in Lactose Intolerance?

normally, when we eat something with lactose, an enzyme in the little intestine called lactase breaks it down into bare sugars. The bloodstream absorbs these dim-witted sugars, which are turned into energy.

In lactose intolerance, the body does n’t make enough lactase to break down lactose. alternatively, undigested lactose sits in the gut and gets broken down by bacteria, causing gas, bloat, digest cramps, and diarrhea .
lactose intolerance is fairly common. Kids and teens are less probable to have it, but many people become lactose intolerant in adulthood. Some health manage providers view lactose intolerance as a normal homo condition and not a disease or serious health problem .
Besides age, people can become lactose illiberal due to :

  • Ethnic background. People of Asian, African, Native American, and Hispanic backgrounds are more likely to develop lactose intolerance at a young age.
  • Other problems with the digestive tract. People who have inflammation of their upper small intestine, such as celiac disease or Crohn’s disease, have less of the lactase enzyme.
  • Medicines. Some antibiotics can trigger temporary lactose intolerance by affecting how the intestine makes lactase.
  • Infection. After having diarrhea, some people have a temporary lactose intolerance that usually gets better after a few days or weeks.

What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Lactose Intolerance?

lactose intolerance can cause a variety of symptoms. It all depends on how much dairy or milk-containing foods people consume and how little lactase their body makes .
normally within 30 minutes to 2 hours after eating, person with lactose intolerance will have :

  • nausea
  • stomach cramps
  • bloating
  • gas
  • diarrhea

How Is Lactose Intolerance Diagnosed?

To diagnose lactose intolerance, doctors ask about a child ‘s symptoms and diet. They might test the breath for hydrogen levels before and after the child drinks lactose. normally very little hydrogen gas is detectable in the breath. But undigested lactose in the colon breaks down and makes diverse gases, including hydrogen .
If your child has a hydrogen breath test, they ‘ll blow into a tube for a get down sample distribution. then they ‘ll swallow a drink with lactose in it, wait a while, and breathe into the tube again. Your child will blow into the tube every half hour for 2 hours to measure hydrogen levels. The levels should go up over time if your child has lactose intolerance .
Doctors besides can find out if person can digest lactose by testing for the presence of lactase with an endoscopy. During this operation, doctors view the inside of the intestines by inserting a long tube with a light and a bantam television camera on the end into the mouth .
A sophisticate can then take weave samples and pictures of the inside of the catgut. The amount of lactase enzyme can be measured in one of these tissue samples.

How Is Lactose Intolerance Treated?

Kids and teens can manage lactose intolerance by not drinking less milk and eating fewer dairy products. Most can eat a small amount of dairy. But they need to eat it with other foods that do n’t contain lactose and not eat excessively much dairy at once. For case, alternatively of drinking a milkshake by itself, your child should drink it while eating a dairy-free sandwich .
other dairy products, such as yogurt and cheeses, can be easier to digest than milk. Lactose-free milk is besides a great direction to get calcium in the diet without the problems. It can besides help for kids and teens to keep a food diary to learn which foods they can or ca n’t tolerate .
A lactase enzyme supplement can help besides. Taking this before eating foods that contain dairy helps the soundbox digest the lactose carbohydrate in dairy. This can prevent pain, cramp, bloat, accelerator, and diarrhea .

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