What are Kidney Cysts?

A kidney vesicle is a swelling filled with watery fluid that forms on one or both of the kidneys .
Kidney cysts are round, have a thin, clear wall and rate in size from microscopic to around 5 centimeter in diameter .
These cysts can be associated with unplayful conditions that lead to impaired kidney function, but normally they are what is referred to as simple kidney cysts, which do not tend to cause complications .
Poly cystic Kidney Disease - Image Copyright: joshya / Shutterstock

Poly cystic Kidney Disease – trope copyright : joshya / Shutterstock
Since symptoms are rare, a person will not normally know they have a kidney vesicle and it is often detected by accident, when a scan or trial for something else is performed. simple kidney cysts are more likely to develop as a person ages. approximately one quarter of people who develop these cysts are 40 years or older and around half are 50 years or older .
A complex kidney vesicle is a vesicle that has a more irregular form or compact walls than a simple cyst. broadly, the larger and more complex the vesicle is, the greater the gamble of it turning cancerous. complex cysts are consequently cautiously monitored and removed, if required .

Causes

The kidneys are comprised of bantam lineage vessels that transport blood to approximately one million percolate tubes referred to as nephrons. A cyst arises when one of these tubes expands, but the claim reason the pipe expands is not even known.

Symptoms

Although kidney cysts do not normally cause symptoms, some may cause a dull pain in the back or upper abdomen if they grow large enough .
occasionally, they become infect, in which sheath a person may develop a fever, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as suffering from annoyance and tenderness .
They can besides cause hard annoyance in the back or side if they burst. A vesicle that blocks the normal flow of urine may cause the kidney to swell, which is referred to as hydronephrosis .

Treatment

If a simple kidney cyst is causing symptoms or obstructing urine hang, it may need to be treated.

Under ultrasound guidance, the vesicle is punctured using a long needle and drained. This is called sclerotherapy. This procedure is normally carried out on an out-patient basis and does not require overnight stay in the hospital .
In some cases, where a vesicle is large enough, a operation called laparoscopy may be required to remove it .
A humble tube with a camera attached at one end ( a laparoscope ) is used to locate the vesicle and a surgeon drains and then removes or burns the cyst to prevent it from reoccurring .

Further Reading

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