- Food gives us energy
- Food helps us to grow
- It keeps us fit and healthy
- It makes our bones and muscles strong.
food can be categorizing into three groups :
- Energy-giving foods
- Body-building foods
- Protective foods
Reading: introduction of healthy food
Energy-giving food- The food items which give us energy to work and play are called ENERGY GIVING FOOD. Rice, potato, butter, cheese, pale yellow, bread and sugar etc. Are grouped in this category. They give us energy to do different type of activities .
Body-building foods- Some food items help us to grow and build our body. They are called BODY BUILDING FOOD. They build up our bones and muscles. Pulses, milk, grains, eggs, kernel, fish and milk products etc. aid in our growth and care of our body. These foods are rich in proteins .
Protective foods- : Some food items protect us from diseases. They are called protective foods. Fruits and vegetables are grouped in this class. These foods contain vitamins and minerals .
Components of food: The food was eating contains different substances that keep our body meet and healthy. These substances are called nutrients. Carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals are nutrients .
Carbohydrates: Children and people, who do physical work, need a fortune of department of energy. So they need more carbohydrates. Rice, pale yellow, potato, gamboge and sugarcane are ample in carbohydrates. Sugar and starch are two types of carbohydrates .
Fats: These are the richest source of energy. They give us more heat and energy than carbohydrates. Fats besides helps to keep are body warm. Ghee, butter, cooking oil and nuts are deep in fats .
PROTEINS- They helps us to grow. They besides help us repaired damaged tissues in the body. Growing children need lots of proteins. Fish, kernel, eggs, cereals, pulses, beans, soyabeans are full-bodied in proteins .
Vitamins and Minerals: Vitamins help our body to fight against diseases. Minerals help us to build strong bones, teeth and healthy blood. We need these in sufficient quantity. Fish, meat, eggs and sprout beans are rich people in vitamins. Milk, newly vegetables, cereals and fruits give us minerals .
Other components: Roughage and water are besides important for body, Roughage are food items that contain fibres. It helps us to remove godforsaken material from the torso. Water helps us in digestion. Most of our soundbox weight is due to the presence of water .
BALANCED DIET- The food that we eat every day is called our diet. A diet that contains all the nutrients in chastise proportion is called poise diet. For good health and proper growth, it is very authoritative to have a balance wheel diet. All types ’ of food that is discussed above should be eaten in proper sum as they contain different nutrients. The diet that contains food items from all the three groups in proper measure is called a balance diet. We must constantly take a poise diet to keep ourselves match and healthy .
HEALTHY FOODS HABITS
There are some good food habits that we must follow to stay goodly .
1. We should always wash our hands before and after meal .
2. The food we eat should be bracing and clean .
3. Food should always be kept cover. This keeps the dust and flies away .
4. We should chew our food good .
5. We should always eat slowly .
6. We should not talk while consume .
7. We should wash vegetables and fruits before eat or cooking them .
8. Do not overeat .
9. Rinse your mouth after eating anything .
NEED OF WATER:
Our body need water system. Water helps us to digest the food. It is necessary for all soundbox functions. We should drink at least six-eight glasses of urine every day. Humans are made up of 70 % of water .
Read more: ED
Amount of fluid from drinks
and food (litres/day)1
Amount of fluid from drinks
|Boys and girls||4 to 8 years||1.6||1.1-1.3|
|Girls||9 to 13 years||1.9||1.3-1.5|
|Boys||9 to 13 years||2.1||1.5-1.7|
Water helps our body in many ways :
1. It carries nutrients to cells .
2. It helps to remove waste products from our major organs .
3. It helps us to control our body temperature .
4. Drinking a large come of urine could help prevent affection attacks .
5. Water provides the mind a lot needed oxygen to perform at optimum levels .
6. cushy drinks are becoming increasingly more expensive at restaurants ; drinking water can be a brassy alternate .
7. drink water has the ability to increase your metabolic pace, therefore helping your body ’ sulfur ability to burn fat.
8. dehydration is a huge cause of fatigue ; drinking body of water can keep you alert and active during the sidereal day .