Colon spasm: Symptoms, causes, triggers, and treatment

Muscles in the colon walls contract in specific ways to move stool out of the body. Contractions that are excessively strong or occur out of synchronize are called colon spasm. colon spasms are not a circumstance themselves. alternatively, they may indicate the presence of an fundamental health condition or be a reaction to having eaten certain foods. They may be irritating or cause digestive problems such as diarrhea. excitable intestine syndrome ( IBS ) is one park cause of colon spasm. Some people evening call IBS “ spastic colon, ” as it can cause colon contractions that may result in bloat, diarrhea, constipation, and other digestive symptoms.

In this article, learn about some early potential causes of colon spasms. Discovering the lawsuit is the foremost step to seeking treatment and getting easing from uncomfortable symptoms. We besides cover treatment options and when to see a doctor.


a woman sat on a bed experiencing a colon spasm share on PinterestColon spasms can cause cramps and stomach pain. During digestion, the colon walls narrow to move food and waste along. People will not normally feel these convention colon contractions. A colon spasm, however, may be uncomfortable and evening afflictive. How the spasm feels depends on its campaign, the austereness, and any other health issues a person has. Some symptoms of a colon spasm may include :

  • stomach pain
  • cramps
  • bloating and gas
  • diarrhea
  • constipation
  • a sudden urge to have a bowel movement

Causes and triggers

A count of health conditions and foods can cause colon spasm. Often, a person may need to take note of when their colon spasms occur in orderliness to determine what causes or triggers them. The stick to sections discuss some common causes of colon spasms .


IBS is a condition that affects the gastrointestinal tract. It can cause colon spasms that result in diarrhea, bloat, and other symptoms. It affects up to 45 million people in the United States, according to the International Foundation for Gastrointestinal Disorders ( IFFGD ). IBS does not cause damage to the intestines and is not biography threatening. however, the symptoms can cause meaning physical and emotional pain. not everyone with IBS will experience colon spasm, however. Some people may have IBS-related constipation, which is much due to slower or fewer muscleman contractions in the intestine. other people may have a combination of constipation and diarrhea .

Food allergies and intolerances

Some people ’ second bodies may be ineffective to by rights digest certain foods. This is known as an intolerance. lactose intolerance, for example, refers to an inability to digest lactose, which is the natural sugar present in dairy products. Genetics Home Reference, a body of the National Institutes of Health ( NIH ), say that round 65 % of the earth ’ mho population has some degree of lactose intolerance. When a person with lactose intolerance consumes dairy products, they may experience colon spasms, stomach pain, and digestive problems. other foods and ingredients that may cause intolerance symptoms include :

  • gluten
  • wheat
  • caffeine
  • artificial sweeteners
  • food colorings
  • preservatives
  • flavor enhancers, such as monosodium glutamate
  • sulfites

A food intolerance is not the lapp as a food allergy. A food allergy involves an overreaction of the immune system. In severe cases, food allergies can cause life threatening symptoms, such as disturb breathe and intumescence of the confront or tongue. If a person comes into contact with a food they are badly allergic to, they may need hand brake discussion with epinephrine and immediate medical attention .


The digestive tract is closely linked to the genius. Some people may experience colon spasms and other digestive issues in response to emotional stress. stress is besides a trigger for IBS, according to the IFFGD .


endometriosis is a condition that causes the uterine liner to grow outside the uterus. Estimates suggest that up to 15 % of females in their most fecund time period have endometriosis. If endometriosis affects the colon, a person may experience colon spasms, pain, or diarrhea that gets worse around the fourth dimension of their menstrual cycle.


treatment options for colon spasms depend on what is causing them. The sections below discuss some potential treatments .

Making diet and lifestyle changes

sometimes, making diet and life style changes will be adequate to ease the discomfort of colon spasms, particularly for people with meek IBS or those with a food intolerance. Changes that may help people with IBS include :

  • adopting a high fiber diet
  • eliminating certain foods or ingredients, such as wheat or dairy
  • adopting a low FODMAP diet
  • adopting a low fat diet

however, if a person has IBS that does not respond to these changes, they may need medicine .

Managing stress

Because stress can cause colon spasms, using stress management techniques may be helpful. The Anxiety and Depression Association of America suggest that people with IBS may benefit from trying relaxation techniques or therapy to help cope with tension. In fact, many people with IBS have anxiety, natural depression, or both. People can work with a doctor to find the right discussion option for their symptoms. Relaxation techniques may include meditation, deep breathe, guided imagination, and listening to relaxing music. Getting regular exercise besides helps reduce stress .

Treating endometriosis

A diverseness of treatments are available for endometriosis. The best option will depend on the person ’ sulfur age, their symptoms, and whether or not they wish to have children in the future. Controlling endometriosis may help with colon spasms, pain, and other symptoms. Some treatments include :

  • pain medication
  • oral contraceptives, or birth control pills
  • minimally invasive surgery
  • hormone medications
  • a hysterectomy

Treating other conditions

Some other health conditions can cause symptoms like to those of IBS. A doctor may need to test for these conditions and rule them out if a person is experiencing dogged abdominal pain or diarrhea. These other conditions include :

  • ulcerative colitis
  • Crohn’s disease
  • diverticulitis
  • celiac disease

These conditions can besides cause abdominal pain or diarrhea, but they besides normally cause other symptoms. Some possible symptoms include :

  • bleeding with bowel movements
  • black, tarry stools
  • an urgent need to have a bowel movement
  • weight loss
  • loss of appetite
  • diarrhea that lasts for a long time and does not go away
  • fever

If a doctor diagnoses one of these conditions, treatment is available. The goal is to help manage symptoms and prevent damage to the gastrointestinal tract.

When to see a doctor 

If a person is experiencing symptoms of colon spasms, it is significant that they see a doctor to determine the cause. They can then receive proper aesculapian manage. Conditions such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn ’ sulfur disease often require ongoing discussion. Some viruses, such as norovirus, can cause colon spasms that go off when the person recovers from the illness. These types of illnesses normally last for around 1–3 days. If a person has symptoms that last longer than this, they should speak to a doctor. besides, a person should seek aesculapian concern if their symptoms are hard and accompanied by any of the following :

  • swelling of the stomach
  • loss of appetite
  • an inability to pass stool or gas
  • sweating, chills, or fever

These symptoms may indicate a blockage in the intestines, which can be serious.


normally, colon spasms are not dangerous. many people find relief from colon spasms by making diet and life style changes to control IBS or food intolerances. however, if diet changes do not work, the person may need checkup tests and treatment to determine the cause and find possible solutions.

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