Hemorrhoids: A Guide To Putting the Discomfort Behind You | Premier Health

Hemorrhoids: A Guide To Putting the Discomfort Behind You


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If you ever discover the discomfort – or pain – of hemorrhoids you ’ re far from entirely. One of the most common of homo ailments – affecting millions of Americans at any given time – hemorrhoids are swollen, ablaze veins around your anus or in your lower rectum, the penetrate section of your colon, or large intestine.

Hemorrhoids affect about 1 in 20 Americans, common in women and men. About half of adults older than age 50 will suffer from hemorrhoids.

They form outwardly, under the skin around the anus, or internally, in the lining of the anus and lower rectum. In many cases, home remedies heal them .

Hemorrhoid Symptoms

External hemorrhoid symptoms may include :

  • Anal itching
  • Anal ache or pain, especially when you sit
  • One or more hard, tender lumps that form near your anus

external hemorrhoid symptoms frequently go away in a few days. But you can worsen the symptoms with excessive try, rubbing, or cleaning around your anus. Internal hemorrhoid symptoms may include :

  • Bleeding from your rectum, indicated by bright red blood on the stool, on toilet paper, or in the toilet bowl after a bowel movement
  • A hemorrhoid that falls through your anal opening – a condition called prolapse. Prolapsed hemorrhoids may cause pain and discomfort, while those that don’t prolapse usually do not hurt.

Common Hemorrhoid Causes

Your hazard of hemorrhoids increases if you :

  • Strain during bowel movements or sit on the toilet for long periods of time
  • Have chronic constipation or diarrhea
  • Eat low-fiber foods
  • Are older than age 50
  • Are pregnant
  • Often lift heavy objects
  • Overuse laxatives or enemas

How Hemorrhoids Are Diagnosed

In diagnosing hemorrhoids your doctor will talk with you about your health history and will conduct a forcible examination, checking your rectum with a gloved finger. however, if your repair ’ s initial examination does not show a absolved causal agent of your rectal run, she may use :

  • A lighted scope
    (sigmoidoscope) to look at the lower third of your colon, or
  • A
    colonoscope to look at the entire colon

These tests can help determine if the bleed it caused by a more unplayful problem, such as Crohn ‘s disease, ulcerative colitis, or cancer of the colon or rectum .

How Hemorrhoids Are Treated

P-W-WMN02718-Hemorrhoids-Discomfort-sm Most external hemorrhoids can be treated with home treatments, such as :

  • Adding fiber to your diet, including fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
  • Drinking more water
  • Over-the-counter hemorrhoid ointments or suppositories — a medicine you insert into your rectum
  • Stool softeners
  • Avoiding straining during bowel movements or sitting on the toilet for long periods
  • Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen, or aspirin
  • Sitting in a tub of warm water – a sitz bath – several times a day

home treatments can besides be used for most home hemorrhoids. But hard internal hemorrhoids may require other treatments. You should call your doctor if you:

  • Still have symptoms after one week of at-home treatment, or
  • Have bleeding from your rectum

When home treatments don ’ t mend home hemorrhoids, your sophisticate may recommend one of the come treatments performed by a doctor :

  • Rubber band ligation. This involves placing a special rubber band around the base of a bleeding or prolapsing hemorrhoid. This cuts off the blood supply, causing the hemorrhoid to shrivel and fall off.
  • Sclerotherapy. A solution is injected into the hemorrhoid causing scar tissue to form, cutting off the blood supply, often shrinking the hemorrhoid.
  • Infrared photocoagulation. The heat of infrared light directed at the hemorrhoid causes scar tissue to form. This cuts off the blood supply, often shrinking the hemorrhoid.
  • Electrocoagulation. An electric current is directed into an internal hemorrhoid to form scar tissue, cutting off the blood supply, often shrinking the hemorrhoid.

In some cases, surgery is needed :

  • Hemorrhoidectomy. This procedure, performed under anesthesia, removes large external hemorrhoids and prolapsed internal hemorrhoids that do not respond to other treatments.
  • Hemorrhoid stapling. A special stapling tool is used to remove internal hemorrhoid tissue and pull a prolapsed internal hemorrhoid back into the anus. This procedure is performed under anesthesia.

It’s easy to get the care you need.

See a Premier Physician Network provider near you .
Schedule Now

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