Interstitial cystitis – Symptoms and causes


Interstitial cystitis

Illustration showing effect of interstitial cystitis on bladder

Interstitial cystitis

Your bladder, kidneys, ureters and urethra make up your urinary system. When you have interstitial cystitis, the walls of your bladder become irritate and inflamed ( shown right ), compared with those of a normal bladder ( shown top ) .
interstitial cystitis ( in-tur-STISH-ul sis-TIE-tis ) is a chronic stipulate causing bladder pressure, bladder pain and sometimes pelvic pain. The annoyance ranges from mild discomfort to severe pain. The condition is a part of a spectrum of diseases known as atrocious bladder syndrome.

Your bladder is a hollow, brawny electric organ that stores urine. The bladder expands until it ‘s fully and then signals your mind that it ‘s clock to urinate, communicating through the pelvic nerves. This creates the urge to urinate for most people .
With interstitial cystitis, these signals get mixed up — you feel the need to urinate more frequently and with smaller volumes of urine than most people .
interstitial cystitis most frequently affects women and can have a durable impact on quality of life sentence. Although there ‘s no cure, medications and early therapies may offer relief .


The signs and symptoms of interstitial cystitis vary from person to person. If you have interstitial cystitis, your symptoms may besides vary over prison term, sporadically flaring in response to common triggers, such as menstruation, sitting for a retentive time, stress, exert and sexual action .
interstitial cystitis signs and symptoms include :

  • Pain in your pelvis or between the vagina and anus in women
  • Pain between the scrotum and anus (perineum) in men
  • Chronic pelvic pain
  • A persistent, urgent need to urinate
  • Frequent urination, often of small amounts, throughout the day and night (up to 60 times a day)
  • Pain or discomfort while the bladder fills and relief after urinating
  • Pain during sex

Symptoms severity is different for everyone, and some people may experience symptom-free periods .
Although signs and symptoms of interstitial cystitis may resemble those of a chronic urinary nerve pathway infection, there ‘s normally no infection. however, symptoms may worsen if a person with interstitial cystitis gets a urinary tract infection .

When to see a doctor

If you ‘re experiencing chronic bladder pain or urinary importunity and frequency, contact your health care provider .


The accurate lawsuit of interstitial cystitis is n’t known, but it ‘s likely that many factors contribute. For exemplify, people with interstitial cystitis may besides have a defect in the protective line ( epithelium ) of the bladder. A leak in the epithelium may allow toxic substances in urine to irritate your bladder wall .
other possible but unproved contributing factors include an autoimmune reaction, heredity, infection or allergy .

Risk factors

These factors are associated with a higher risk of interstitial cystitis :

  • Your sex. Women are diagnosed with interstitial cystitis more often than men. Symptoms in men may mimic interstitial cystitis, but they’re more often associated with an inflammation of the prostate gland (prostatitis).
  • Your age. Most people with interstitial cystitis are diagnosed during their 30s or older.
  • Having a chronic pain disorder. Interstitial cystitis may be associated with other chronic pain disorder, such as irritable bowel syndrome or fibromyalgia.


interstitial cystitis can result in a phone number of complications, including :

  • Reduced bladder capacity. Interstitial cystitis can cause stiffening of the bladder wall, which allows your bladder to hold less urine.
  • Lower quality of life. Frequent urination and pain may interfere with social activities, work and other activities of daily life.
  • Sexual intimacy problems. Frequent urination and pain may strain your personal relationships, and sexual intimacy may suffer.
  • Emotional troubles. The chronic pain and interrupted sleep associated with interstitial cystitis may cause emotional stress and can lead to depression.

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