Hypoglycemic Episode: Signs, Prevention, and Action Steps

For people with diabetes, managing your blood glucose tied goes beyond just making certain it isn ’ t besides high. It can besides be dangerous when your rake boodle gets excessively gloomy. low blood sugar is known as hypoglycemia. It occurs when the glucose degree in your blood falls below normal. normally, below normal means 70 milligrams per deciliter ( mg/dL ) or less.

low lineage sugar can happen if you take medications for diabetes that increase insulin levels in your body. If you don ’ t cover it right away, hypoglycemia can lead to a range of dangerous symptoms. This includes mental confusion, seizures, brain damage, coma, and tied death in rare cases. If you ’ re taking insulin to treat your diabetes, it ’ sulfur essential to have an carry through design for managing a potential hypoglycemic sequence . parcel on Pinterest

Step 1: Learn to recognize the signs and symptoms

The symptoms of hypoglycemia normally come on quickly. Learning to recognize the symptoms is the beginning step to getting treatment. The fast you recognize and treat hypoglycemia, the better. The symptoms of hypoglycemia can vary from person to person. In general, though, the symptoms of a balmy sequence include one or more of the adopt :

  • sweating
  • fast heartbeat
  • sudden nervousness
  • headache
  • hunger
  • blurred vision
  • lightheadedness
  • shaking or jitteriness
  • confusion
  • fatigue
  • paleness
  • trouble concentrating
  • becoming irritable or argumentative

More hard attacks may cause loss of awareness, capture, and coma .

Step 2: Prepare for an episode by keeping snacks on hand

You should keep carbohydrate-rich snacks nearby at all times equitable in case. The fastest way to combat an episode of hypoglycemia is by eating or drinking roughly 15 grams of carbohydrates correct away. Examples include :

  • glucose tablets or glucose gel
  • 4 ounces of fruit juice, like orange or grape juice
  • 4 ounces of regular soda (not diet soda)
  • dried fruit
  • gummy candies

Step 3: Check your blood sugar levels often

Keep in mind that you may not have any hypoglycemia symptoms. sometimes your symptoms won ’ metric ton be as obvious. For this reason, you should check your blood sugar levels frequently to make sure they don ’ thymine get besides abject. Ask your sophisticate how often you should be checking your blood boodle with a blood glucose meter. If you ’ ve had hypoglycemia in the past but didn ’ triiodothyronine poster symptoms, you may have to be more argus-eyed about monitoring your rake glucose on a regular basis. Always check your blood glucose levels before driving or operating machinery. If you experience episodes of hypoglycemia regularly, ask your doctor about using a continuous glucose proctor ( CGM ). This device tests glucose levels at routine times during the day, including while you sleep. A CGM will play an alarm clock if your glucose levels fall excessively broken. hypoglycemia in people with diabetes typically occurs when you don ’ thymine match your diabetes medications with your physical activity and food consumption. Pay cheeseparing attention to your blood carbohydrate levels when :

  • you’re engaging in a weight loss program
  • you skip or delay a meal
  • you drink alcohol
  • you exercise heavily or more than usual
  • you’re sick and can’t or don’t want to eat

Step 4: Eat 15 grams of sugar when your blood sugar drops below 70 mg/dL

If your blood carbohydrate levels drop below 70 mg/dL, feed or drink 15 grams of carbohydrates adenine soon as possible. If you can ’ thyroxine check your blood sugar, but you ’ ra experiencing symptoms of a hypoglycemia episode, treat it like hypoglycemia anyhow and consume a flying source of sugar.

Step 5: Wait 15 minutes

Wait 15 minutes to see if you improve.

Step 6: Check your blood sugar again

After the 15 minutes are up, check your glucose again. If your levels are calm below 70 mg/dL, have another 15 grams of carbohydrates.

Step 7: Repeat until your blood sugar is back to normal

Repeat steps 4 through 6 until your rake boodle level returns to normal. If your next meal is more than an hour away, have a nosh consist of a carbohydrate and protein to keep your glucose levels in the aim roll. Examples include an apple or banana with peanut butter or some crackers and cheese.

Step 8: If things don’t improve, seek emergency help

If your symptoms worsen, it ’ sulfur important to seek emergency help. You ’ ll need an injection of glucagon to quickly increase your blood glucose tied. You can only get a glucagon kit with a prescription drug from your doctor. If you ’ re probable to experience severe hypoglycemia, it ’ s important that you do this in promote. Tell your friends, family, and co-workers to call 911 or your local anesthetic hand brake number right away if you don ’ t have a glucagon kit nearby. Hypoglycemia can quickly progress to seizures or convulsions and unconsciousness if you don ’ metric ton treat it.

The takeaway

Ignoring the symptoms of hypoglycemia can be dangerous. work with your repair to develop a hypoglycemia action plan so that you can treat it before it gets good.

It ’ mho important that you learn to recognize the symptoms of low blood sugar and keep high-carb snacks on hand at all times. besides be certain to check your blood glucose regularly and inform your friends and family of what to do during a hypoglycemic sequence. It ’ sulfur crucial to act cursorily, so don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate hesitate to call 911 or local hand brake services if you need help .

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