What are hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are swell veins located around the anus or in the lower rectum. About 50 percentage of adults experience the symptoms of hemorrhoids by the age of 50.
Hemorrhoids can either be internal or external. Internal hemorrhoids develop within the anus or rectum. external hemorrhoids develop outside of the anus. Hemorrhoids are besides known as piles. external hemorrhoids are the most common and most troublesome. Hemorrhoids may cause pain, severe itch, and difficulty sitting. fortunately, they ’ rhenium treatable .
What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids?
Symptoms depend on the type of hemorrhoids you have. Internal hemorrhoids can cause :
- blood on the tissue after having a bowel movement
- skin that sticks out of the anus during bowel movements
external hemorrhoid symptoms include :
- extreme itching around the anus
- uncomfortable lump(s) or swelling near your anus
- aches or pain around the anus, especially when sitting
Hemorrhoids often don ’ metric ton campaign annoyance. however, sometimes external hemorrhoids can form a blood clot on the clamber. This is known as a thrombose hemorrhoid. home hemorrhoids can besides prolapse. That means they won ’ triiodothyronine retract rear into the anus. Both prolapse and thrombosed hemorrhoids can cause meaning pain. Although hemorrhoids can be quite uncomfortable, they aren ’ t life endanger and frequently go away on their own without treatment. If you ever have bleeding or black intestine movements, see your doctor. bleed can be caused by something other than hemorrhoids and must be evaluated. besides see your repair if hemorrhoids don ’ t get better within 1 week of home discussion.
What are the causes and risk factors for hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids occur when there ’ s besides much atmospheric pressure on the veins around your anus. potential causes and gamble factors include :
- straining during a bowel movement
- sitting for a long period of time, especially on the toilet
- having chronic constipation or diarrhea
- having a family history of hemorrhoids
- engaging in consistent heavy lifting or other activities that strain your body
- having obesity
- having anal sexual intercourse, which can irritate hemorrhoids
- being pregnant (an enlarged uterus presses on the vein in the colon, causing it to bulge)
- being over the age of 50
How are hemorrhoids diagnosed?
A ocular examination of your anus may be enough to diagnose hemorrhoids. To confirm the diagnosis, your sophisticate may do a different interrogation to check for any abnormalities within the anus. This confirmation is known as a digital rectal examination. During this examination, your doctor inserts a gloved and lubricate finger into your rectum. Depending on your risk factors for gastrointestinal disease, your doctor may ordering an extra examination like an anoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, or colonoscopy. Each of these tests involves your repair using a minor camera to diagnose any abnormalities in your anus, rectum, or colon. An anoscopy examines the at heart of your anus, a sigmoidoscopy examines the last 2 feet ( 50 centimeters ) of your colon, and a colonoscopy explores the stallion colon. In these tests, a minor fiber-optic television camera fits into a humble pipe that ’ sulfur inserted into your rectum. With this test, your doctor gets a clear view of the inside of your rectum so that they can examine the hemorrhoid up close.
You can find a primary manage doctor of the church, gastroenterologist, or other specialist near you through the Healthline FindCare tool.
To prevent or avoid worsening hemorrhoids, keep off straining during a intestine campaign. besides, try to increase your water intake. Drinking adequate water can keep your stool from hardening. Use the public toilet vitamin a soon as you feel a intestine movement coming on to prevent hemorrhoids from developing. drill regularly to prevent becoming constipated, and avoid sitting for long periods, specially on hard surfaces like concrete or tile. Consuming foods that are high in dietary character can minimize the risk of developing hemorrhoids in the future. good dietary fiber sources include :
- whole wheat
- brown rice
dietary fiber helps create bulge in the intestines, which softens the stool, making it easier to pass.
Complications from hemorrhoids are rare, but can include :
- blood clots in the swollen vein
- iron deficiency anemia caused by blood loss
- infection of an external hemorrhoid
- skin tags, or excess skin when an external hemorrhoid goes away
With proper treatment, you ’ ll likely know an improvement. Following your doctor ’ s directions and maintaining a regimen, including exercising and avoiding sitting for long periods of time, can besides improve your mentality.
Read more: What Does One Numb Foot Mean
Hemorrhoids are enlarged and bulging veins in and around the anus and rectum. They ’ rhenium very common and caused by strain on the rectal veins. hazard factors include experiencing chronic stultification, pushing during intestine movements, having a family history of hemorrhoids, and being meaning. Most hemorrhoids go off on their own. Treatments normally focus on relieving symptoms and may include taking affectionate baths and using a hydrocortisone or a hemorrhoid cream or suppository. exercise, drinking plenty of water, and eating more fiber can all help relieve constipation and prevent hemorrhoids from forming in the future .