Read on to learn more about the similarities and differences between the stomach wiretap and food poison.
Stomach bug vs. food poisoning
Stomach bugFood poisoningCausevirusesbacteria, viruses, or parasitesIncubation period24-48 hours after exposure to virus2-6 hours after eating contaminated foodSymptoms• diarrhea or constipation
• stomach or intestinal cramps
• joint stiffness
• weight loss
• general malaise
• muscle aches
• eye swelling
• difficulty breathing
Prevention• wash your hands if you’re sick or have been around someone who is sick
• talk to your doctor about the vaccine for rotavirus
• if you’re sick, stay home and avoid spreading it to other people
• keep your food preparation area and equipment clean
• fully cook meats and seafood
• refrigerate perishable foods
• discard questionable foods
What are the differences in causes?
What causes the stomach bug?
several different viruses may cause the stomach bug. Viruses that most frequently cause it include norovirus, rotavirus, and adenovirus. The norovirus alone causes up to 21 million cases of the stomach bug in the United States each class. other viruses such as astroviruses can besides cause this condition. Stomach tease caused by a rotavirus or norovirus infection is highly contagious. In the United States, contagion most normally occurs between October and April. The most common way to narrow the virus is from lineal reach with person who is sick. You can besides contract the virus from contact with something person infected has touched that contains their fecal matter, saliva, or vomit message with the virus in it .
What causes food poisoning?
Food poisoning develops when infectious organisms such as bacteria, viruses, or parasites contaminate foods. Bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella are among the top five germs that cause food poison in the United States. Norovirus is besides within the same top-five list according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ). You may get food poisoning from eating contaminated or undercooked meat. however, affected kernel international relations and security network ’ t the merely food that causes food poisoning. The watch foods can besides lead to foodborne illness :
- raw and undercooked eggs
- raw sprouts
- soft or unpasteurized cheeses, such as Brie and feta
- vegetables and fruits that aren’t well-washed
- raw fish or oysters
- contaminated water
- unpasteurized beverages, such as milk, cider, and juice
- undercooked rice
After several days with either the digest bug or food poison, you may develop dehydration. Watch for the adopt signs and symptoms of dehydration :
- a decrease in urine output
- dark urine
- dryness in your mouth or throat
- dry diapers
- a lack of tears in babies and toddlers
- fast heart rate
- low blood pressure
- excessive thirst
- dizziness, especially when standing
Babies may have sunken eyes or fontanels when they become dried. A fontanelle is besides known as the cushy blemish on a baby ’ s head. You should seek aesculapian attention if any of these symptoms occur.
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Treating a stomach bug
dehydration may become a serious concern for people who have the digest virus. Watch for the symptoms of dehydration. You should seek medical attention if any of these symptoms occur. Make sure you get batch of fluids. Adults can drink fluids such as Gatorade with electrolytes, and children can besides drink fluid substitution solutions such as Pedialyte. These drinks coupled with water will help restore the body ’ south hydration proportion. For best results, drink a few sips every half hour to an hour. Don ’ t drink sugary drinks like Kool-Aid or sodas, as these liquids don ’ thyroxine replace lost electrolytes. Taking in ice rink chips or drink knit urine is another dear option for staying hydrated. once you feel cook to eat again, give your stomach a break by lento introducing bland foods into your diet. These may include :
- whole grains
- fresh apples
- plain yogurt
Avoid dairy, alcohol, caffeine, and piquant foods that might upset your stomach .
Treating food poisoning
You should contact your sophisticate if you experience any of the follow :
- blood or pus in your stool
- diarrhea lasting more than three days
- fever above 100.4°F (38°C) in adults or above 101°F (38.3°C) in children
- symptoms of dehydration, including fatigue and extreme thirst
- symptoms of botulism
- symptoms of food poisoning after visiting a developing country
If you have a mild encase of food poison, it may respond well to rest and fever-reducing medications. If you have a severe case, you may need to be admitted to the hospital for intravenous fluent hydration. If you have austere bacterial food poisoning, your sophisticate may prescribe an antibiotic. Your repair will review your symptoms and run tests to determine the best course of action.
Tips for prevention
Preventing the stomach bug
even though the stomach bug is sometimes called the stomach influenza, your annual influenza vaccine will not prevent it. Different types of viruses cause the digest microbe. Antibiotics will not help treat the abdomen bug because antibiotics work to treat bacterial infections, not viruses. Take measures to prevent yourself from transmitting the stomach influenza to others. You ’ re typically the most catching when you ’ re feeling the worst and a few days subsequently. The bug can stay in your stool for up to two weeks. Wash your hands much and stay family from employment or school for at least a few days after you feel well. You should besides consider having your baby get the vaccine against the rotavirus when they ’ rhenium 2 months erstwhile .
Preventing food poisoning
Follow these steps to help prevent food poisoning :
- Keep food preparation surfaces, utensils, and your hands clean.
- Cook ground beef to 160°F (71°C).
- Cook roasts, steaks, and chops to 145°F (62°C).
- Cook chicken and turkey to 165°F (73°C).
- Make sure seafood is fully cooked.
- Make sure canned foods are from trusted distributors.
- Refrigerate any perishable foods within one hour.
- Throw out foods that look or smell questionable.
While many symptoms of the stomach bug and food poison are exchangeable, it ’ s important to determine which nausea you may have. The symptoms of food poisoning may :
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- occur more quickly or later after exposure
- become more severe than symptoms of a stomach bug
- be shorter in duration than symptoms of a stomach bug
Depending on the campaign, your immune system affair, and your overall health, food poisoning or viral gastroenteritis may become severe adequate to require checkup care. however, many people can normally manage either condition with rest, hydration, and at-home aesculapian discussion. If you ’ rhenium diffident about what ’ s causing your symptoms, discipline in with your doctor to be safe. other health issues can cause alike symptoms of gastrointestinal distress. In any case, call your doctor of the church for help oneself if your symptoms worsen .