Dry mouth – Illnesses & conditions | NHS inform

It ‘s normal to occasionally have a dry mouth if you ’ re dehydrated or feeling skittish, but a persistently dry talk can be a sign of an underlie problem .
You should see your dentist or GP if you have an unusually dry sass ( known as xerostomia ) so they can try to determine the induce .

What can cause a dry mouth?

A dry mouth can occur when the salivary glands in your mouth do n’t produce adequate saliva .
This is frequently the solution of dehydration, which means you don ’ t have enough fluid in your body to produce the saliva you need. It ‘s besides common for your mouth to become dry if you ‘re feeling anxious or nervous.

A dry mouth can sometimes be caused by an underlie trouble or medical condition, such as :

  • medication – many different medications can cause a dry mouth, including antidepressants, antihistamines and diuretics; check the leaflet that comes with your medicine, or find it in the medicines section to see if dry mouth is listed as a side effect
  • a blocked nose – breathing through your mouth while you sleep can cause it to dry out
  • diabetes – a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high
  • radiotherapy to the head and neck – this can cause the salivary glands to become inflamed (mucositis)
  • Sjögren’s syndrome – a condition where the immune system attacks and damages the salivary glands

If you see your dentist or GP, let them know about any other symptoms you ‘re experiencing and any treatments you ’ re having, as this will help them work out why your mouth is dry .

What problems can a dry mouth cause?

Saliva plays an authoritative function in keeping your mouth goodly. If you have a dry sass, you may experience a number of early problems besides, such as :

  • a burning sensation or soreness in your mouth
  • dry lips
  • bad breath (halitosis)
  • a decreased or altered sense of taste
  • recurrent mouth infections, such as oral thrush
  • tooth decay and gum disease
  • difficulty speaking, eating or swallowing

It ’ randomness crucial to maintain thoroughly oral hygiene if you have a dry mouth to reduce the risk of dental problems. You should besides see a dentist regularly, so they can identify and treat any problems early on.

Treating a dry mouth

Treating the underlying cause

If your repair or dentist is able to determine what ‘s causing your dry mouth, treating this may improve your symptoms .
For exercise, if medication is suspected as the lawsuit of your dry mouth, your doctor may reduce your dose or suggest trying an alternate medicine .
Some of the conditions mentioned above have specific treatments, such as adenoidal decongestants for a blocked nuzzle and insulin for diabetes .

Things to try yourself

There are simple measures you can try to help keep your mouthpiece damp. For example, it may help to :

  • increase your fluid intake – take regular sips of cold water or an unsweetened drink
  • suck on sugar-free sweets or chew sugar-free gum – this can stimulate your salivary glands to produce more saliva
  • suck on ice cubes – the ice will melt slowly and moisten your mouth
  • avoid alcohol (including alcohol-based mouthwashes), caffeine and smoking – these can all make a dry mouth worse

Saliva substitutes and stimulants

If the measures above don ’ thyroxine aid, your dentist, GP or specialist may suggest using an artificial saliva substitute to keep your talk damp. This may come in the form of a spray, mousse or pill. Use it a much as you need to, including before and during meals .
If your dry mouth is caused by radiotherapy or Sjögren ‘s syndrome, a medicine called pilocarpine may be prescribed. This is taken as a pad several times a sidereal day to help stimulate your salivary glands to produce more saliva .
however, pilocarpine is n’t desirable for everyone, as it may cause side effects, such as sweating or headaches .

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *