Appendicitis 101: Commonly Asked Questions | Texas Children’s Hospital

appendix

Children with appendicitis present later in the disease process than adults because it is difficult for them to communicate their symptoms to caregivers.  A “simple” What is an appendix?
Inside the abdomen is a small, tubular structure attached to the large intestine and it is called the appendix. The appendix only has one opening and does not have a functional purpose. The body works the same with or without it.

What causes appendicitis?
Appendicitis occurs when the single opening gets blocked. It is most commonly blocked by a small piece of hard stool called a fecolith. Once the opening is blocked, infection by bacteria normally present in the intestines begins to attack. Pressure builds inside the appendix from the infected fluid and multiplying bacteria until the appendix bursts (perforation) inside the abdomen. Once this occurs, germs from the appendix can spread throughout the body; however, it can’t spread to other people.  A diet high in fiber and avoiding constipating foods like pasta, macaroni and cheese, fried foods and pizza can help prevent appendicitis.

What are the symptoms of appendicitis?
Often, children with appendicitis will complain of a stomachache around the belly button.  As several hours pass, the pain will become more severe and move to the lower, right side of the abdomen and become tender to the touch. The location of the appendix can vary from one person to the next and this can alter symptoms which may include loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, a low-grade fever, abdominal swelling, constipation or diarrhea.

How do you treat appendicitis?
The standard treatment for appendicitis in children is powerful (broad spectrum) IV (intravenous) antibiotics. Once antibiotics are started, the inflammation and infection begins to resolve and prevents perforation if it has not yet occurred. In most cases, the appendix is then surgically removed – this is called an Children with appendicitis confront later in the disease process than adults because it is unmanageable for them to communicate their symptoms to caregivers. A “ simple ” appendicitis ( one that has not burst ) normally only requires an overnight entree, while a “ complicated ” appendicitis ( one that has burst ) may require a hospital stay. Up to 40 percentage of children present with complicate appendicitis due to the stay in starting treatment.Inside the abdomen is a little, tubular structure attached to the large intestine and it is called the appendix. The appendix only has one opening and does not have a running aim. The soundbox works the lapp with or without it.Appendicitis occurs when the single unfold gets blocked. It is most normally blocked by a humble patch of hard stool called a fecolith. Once the orifice is blocked, infection by bacteria normally deliver in the intestines begins to attack. press builds inside the appendix from the infect fluid and multiplying bacteria until the appendix bursts ( perforation ) inside the abdomen. once this occurs, germs from the appendix can spread throughout the body ; however, it can ’ t gap to other people. A diet high in character and avoiding constipating foods like pasta, macaroni and cheese, fried foods and pizza can help prevent appendicitis.Often, children with appendicitis will complain of a stomachache around the belly release. As several hours sink, the trouble will become more severe and move to the lower, proper side of the abdomen and become affectionate to the reach. The placement of the appendix can vary from one person to the future and this can alter symptoms which may include loss of appetite, nausea, vomit, a low-grade fever, abdominal intumescence, stultification or diarrhea.The standard discussion for appendicitis in children is powerful ( broad spectrum ) IV ( intravenous ) antibiotics. Once antibiotics are started, the inflammation and infection begins to resolve and prevents perforation if it has not even occurred. In most cases, the appendix is then surgically removed – this is called an appendectomy – to prevent extra episodes of appendicitis and to shorten the course of antibiotics. In some blue-ribbon cases, or if surgery is unavailable ( like on a cruise ship ), entirely antibiotics are used. severe cases of perforation may form collections of pus in the abdomen called an abscess. These may require a branch drain procedure and stay of the appendectomy for several weeks while the infection clears to make the operation dependable. For more information about Texas Children ‘s Department of Surgery, visit hera

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